Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

 It is currently 27 Mar 2017, 17:58

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Using past participle in active-voiced modifier

Author Message
Intern
Joined: 24 Jan 2012
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Using past participle in active-voiced modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2013, 03:17
Okay, this has been bugging me for quite sometimes.

When do we use past participle in active-voiced modifier?

Let me give you an example (from Manhattan SC)

"A new textbook focused on recent advances in artificial intelligence was assigned by our instructor."

Let me deconstruct (if I'm wrong, please correct me) this sentence:
Subject = textbook
Verb = was assigned
Modifier to the subject = focused on recent advances in artificial intelligence

Now my question are:
1) Why does the sentence use "focused", not "focusing"?
2) Generally, isn't using past participle in modifier means the modifier is in passive-voice? i.e. "Satisfied by the quality of the work, John proceeded to pay the contractor"
3) Does using "focused" have anything to do with an act of having completed something in the past in this modifier context?
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2013
Posts: 190
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.82
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 72

Re: Using past participle in active-voiced modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2013, 17:53
clafikraz wrote:
Okay, this has been bugging me for quite sometimes.

When do we use past participle in active-voiced modifier?

Let me give you an example (from Manhattan SC)

"A new textbook focused on recent advances in artificial intelligence was assigned by our instructor."

Let me deconstruct (if I'm wrong, please correct me) this sentence:
Subject = textbook
Verb = was assigned
Modifier to the subject = focused on recent advances in artificial intelligence

Now my question are:
1) Why does the sentence use "focused", not "focusing"?
2) Generally, isn't using past participle in modifier means the modifier is in passive-voice? i.e. "Satisfied by the quality of the work, John proceeded to pay the contractor"
3) Does using "focused" have anything to do with an act of having completed something in the past in this modifier context?

Hi,

I am not an expert but as for as i know. . Focused is verb ed modifier and Subject of the sentence is Our Instructor.

After the sentence is corrected "Was assigned" is the verb.

Regards,
Rrsnathan.
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 803
Followers: 359

Kudos [?]: 724 [0], given: 5

Re: Using past participle in active-voiced modifier [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2013, 21:55
The use of the past participle in the MGMAT example you cited is due to tense and meaning. The textbook 'was' (in the past) so it should be 'focused' (in the past). Also, the textbook was already written and printed so it would make sense that the textbook was 'focused'. I wouldn't say there is a preference of participle based on active or passive voice.

A few words on passive vs active. The active voice is when the subject is doing the action in the sentence - 'I hit the ball'. I am the subject and I did the action. The passive voice is when the subject receives the action - 'The ball was hit by me.' The ball is now the subject and it's receiving my action.

FYI- the GMAT does not really have a preference towards active or passive voice.

KW

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile

Re: Using past participle in active-voiced modifier   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2013, 21:55
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Being + Past participle vs past tense 1 05 Nov 2015, 00:43
Past Perfect vs. Having + Past Participle 0 27 Feb 2015, 08:57
Past participle as a verb modifier? 4 06 Dec 2013, 15:55
1 grammar question - past participle 5 17 Mar 2008, 07:50
1 The use of participle phrase 19 18 Sep 2007, 05:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by