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# V07-01

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64068

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16 Sep 2014, 01:28
2
8
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:14) correct 49% (01:22) wrong based on 91 sessions

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A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,
B. that they would, or could,
C. it will be or could
D. believe that such education will be or can
E. believe that such education would or could

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07 Jul 2016, 23:20
2
3
spetznaz wrote:
Experts, I have a query regarding option E. According to the option - The educators believe ....hence it is referring to a hypothetical case in future , hence should we not use would ? Experts please clarify ?

Manhattan SC guide suggests that in reporting sentences (say, announce, believe etc) the following structures should be maintained:
Present + Future
Past + conditional (would / should / could).

Following are some examples from the book:

Right: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WILL BE wonderful. Present + Future
Right: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WOULD BE wonderful. Past + Conditional
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVES that the machine WOULD BE wonderful. Present + Conditional
Wrong: The scientist BELIEVED that the machine WILL BE wonderful. Past + Future
##### General Discussion
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Joined: 21 May 2015
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27 Jul 2015, 04:54
1
I think this is a high-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. Solution states "Antecedent of "they" cannot be "a number of educators"" but the antecedent of they (while incorrect) is clearly "higher education"
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21 Mar 2019, 09:51
1
1
Bunuel wrote:
A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,
B. that they would, or could,
C. it will be or could
D. believe that such education will be or can
E. believe that such education would or could

Meaning analysis:
A large number of educators, who were surveyed, view X but believe Y.
Subject: A large number of educators
Verb:
1) view: higher education is outdated at present
2) believe: higher education will be or can be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

Things to watch:
1) The 2 verbs should be connected with but (one of the F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.), which is used to join sentence elements of the same grammatical rank or function, to maintain the contrast required between X and Y
2) X and Y should be parallel: clause || to clause OR phrase || phrase
3) The state-of-action in X (the non-underlined portion) is in present-tense. So, unless we have a stonrg reason to do so, the verb-tense should not be changed.

For the Grammar Nazi:
Ex of change in state-of-action (verb-tense): The earth revolves(present-tense) around the sun and has been continuing(present-perfect-continuous-tense) to do so since the big bang.

Only Option D satisfies the above conditions:
Subject - Verb
A large number of educators surveyed
view that
higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present
but believe that
such education will be or can be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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16 Sep 2014, 01:28
Official Solution:

A large number of educators surveyed view that higher education especially in technology subjects as Electronics and Civil Engineering is outdated at present but that they will or could be made appropriately contemporary in the near future.

A. that they will, or could,
B. that they would, or could,
C. it will be or could
D. believe that such education will be or can
E. believe that such education would or could

(A) that they will, or could, Incorrect. Antecedent of "they" cannot be "a number of educators" Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "can"

(B) that they would, or could, Incorrect. Antecedent of "they" cannot be "a number of educators" Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "will" & “can”

(C) it will be or could Incorrect. phrase "that higher education.." is not parallel to "it will be.." Also the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - “can”

(D) believe that such education will be or can Correct. phrase "that higher education.." is parallel to "that such education..”

(E) believe that such education would or could Incorrect. the phrase "in the near future" requires verb to be in future - "will" & “can”

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05 Nov 2014, 00:30
Hi,

V07-01 and V07-02 are exactly the same questions. And they both have appeared to me on the same Verbal Test. So kindly delete one of the two questions from the Test.
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09 Nov 2014, 09:31
V7-02 has been changed. Thank you so much for pointing out.
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04 Jul 2016, 04:37
Experts, I have a query regarding option E. According to the option - The educators believe ....hence it is referring to a hypothetical case in future , hence should we not use would ? Experts please clarify ?
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26 Sep 2016, 17:35
shirehobbit wrote:
Why is E incorrect.?

The explanation clearly states the problem with option E. In case you need further information, you may find the following link helpful:

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org ... l-or-would
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20 Nov 2016, 08:52
souvik101990 : In this question, why can't "they" in the option A and B refer to the antecedent "technology subjects"?
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21 Nov 2016, 01:39
Vishvesh88 wrote:
souvik101990 : In this question, why can't "they" in the option A and B refer to the antecedent "technology subjects"?

The subjects cannot be updated - the education (in other words, syllabi for the subjects) can be updated.
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Joined: 07 Jul 2016
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28 May 2017, 18:17
Hi,
In option C, if the could is replaced with ca and the whole phrase becomes: "It will be or can be" will that be correct?

While considering parallel lists, we can take out the common elements. In this scenario, can we take out 'that' and higher education serves as the antecedent for it, making them parallel.
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01 Jun 2017, 20:12
sahil1081 wrote:
Hi,
In option C, if the could is replaced with ca and the whole phrase becomes: "It will be or can be" will that be correct?

While considering parallel lists, we can take out the common elements. In this scenario, can we take out 'that' and higher education serves as the antecedent for it, making them parallel.

in that scenario, "it" is unclear, and "that" cannot be omitted in gmat.
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12 Jun 2017, 09:41
Use of will is incorrect here, use of would is required to show: - Uncertainty, Expectation about future, Hypothetical Condition, Assumption. Hence E is the correct choice. Can experts please reply?
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17 Mar 2018, 01:14
supra2411 wrote:
Use of will is incorrect here, use of would is required to show: - Uncertainty, Expectation about future, Hypothetical Condition, Assumption. Hence E is the correct choice. Can experts please reply?

i too believe will is incorrect as there is uncertainty about future and hence would/could is more appropriate.

egmat experts can someone please reply here?
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31 Jan 2019, 08:33
Can we say that since " believe" already adds an element of uncertainty here, using would/could is redundant, and hence we are using believe will/can ?
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05 Oct 2019, 21:59
sayantanc2k, Bunuel, chetan2u
Would & Could are also verbs for future. I missed to check parallelism, however after a closer look I felt "BE" can be taken common. We can skip common words in case of parallel structure. What am I missing ?
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27 Feb 2020, 23:39
Bunuel Can you please clear this doubt for me?
Why in option C higher education and it are not parallel?

'Higher education' is singular and so is 'it'.
Re: V07-01   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2020, 23:39

# V07-01

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