Editorial: One year ago, Seattle increased its minimum wage to $10.35 per hour, much higher than the current federal minimum wage of $7.35 per hour. Since the increase was passed, 5,000 jobs have been lost in the Seattle metropolitan area. Most of the jobs that were lost were low wage positions in the fast food industry. This examples shows that the federal minimum wage should not be raised, because it will cause low wage jobs to be lost across the board.
Which of the following is not a reason to question the author’s conclusion?
A. The borders of the Seattle metropolitan area can be defined in different ways, and the number of jobs lost varies depending on the definition
B. When surveyed, the owners of fast food restaurants stated that a nationwide trend towards healthier eating was causing an industry-wide decline in sales in the fast food industry
C. Two years ago, one national fast food chain decided to gradually decrease its subsidies for franchise owners in the Seattle area
D. Jobs in the fast food industry are not considered to be representative of low wage jobs in general
E. As a result of the higher minimum wage, some fast food restaurants in Seattle became unprofitable and had to shut down
(A) If the borders of the Seattle metropolitan area were specifically selected to create the impression that 5,000 jobs were lost, this is a reason to question the author’s conclusion.
(B) If there has been an industry-wide decline in sales in the fast food industry, this would be an alternative explanation for the job losses, and would undermine the author’s conclusion that the minimum wage increase had caused job losses.
(C) If the national chain is began paying less money to the Seattle area franchisees two years ago, this could lead some of them to close down. Thus, this answer does question the author’s conclusion.
(D) If jobs in the fast food industry do not accurately represent low wage jobs in general, then the author cannot justify drawing his conclusion from the evidence presented.
. This choice clearly supports the author’s conclusion that the minimum wage increase led to job losses; it is not a reason to question the conclusion.
Founder of GMAT Club
US News Rankings progression - last 10 years in a snapshot - New!
Just starting out with GMAT? Start here...
Need GMAT Book Recommendations? Best GMAT Books
Co-author of the GMAT Club tests
GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings