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V10-28

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Founder
Joined: 04 Dec 2002
Posts: 16979
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42

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15 Sep 2015, 12:03
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (01:44) correct 59% (01:35) wrong based on 66 sessions

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Editorial: One year ago, Seattle increased its minimum wage to \$10.35 per hour, much higher than the current federal minimum wage of \$7.35 per hour. Since the increase was passed, 5,000 jobs have been lost in the Seattle metropolitan area. Most of the jobs that were lost were low wage positions in the fast food industry. This examples shows that the federal minimum wage should not be raised, because it will cause low wage jobs to be lost across the board.

Which of the following is not a reason to question the author’s conclusion?

A. The borders of the Seattle metropolitan area can be defined in different ways, and the number of jobs lost varies depending on the definition
B. When surveyed, the owners of fast food restaurants stated that a nationwide trend towards healthier eating was causing an industry-wide decline in sales in the fast food industry
C. Two years ago, one national fast food chain decided to gradually decrease its subsidies for franchise owners in the Seattle area
D. Jobs in the fast food industry are not considered to be representative of low wage jobs in general
E. As a result of the higher minimum wage, some fast food restaurants in Seattle became unprofitable and had to shut down

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Founder
Joined: 04 Dec 2002
Posts: 16979
Location: United States (WA)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42

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15 Sep 2015, 12:03
Official Solution:

Editorial: One year ago, Seattle increased its minimum wage to \$10.35 per hour, much higher than the current federal minimum wage of \$7.35 per hour. Since the increase was passed, 5,000 jobs have been lost in the Seattle metropolitan area. Most of the jobs that were lost were low wage positions in the fast food industry. This examples shows that the federal minimum wage should not be raised, because it will cause low wage jobs to be lost across the board.

Which of the following is not a reason to question the author’s conclusion?

A. The borders of the Seattle metropolitan area can be defined in different ways, and the number of jobs lost varies depending on the definition
B. When surveyed, the owners of fast food restaurants stated that a nationwide trend towards healthier eating was causing an industry-wide decline in sales in the fast food industry
C. Two years ago, one national fast food chain decided to gradually decrease its subsidies for franchise owners in the Seattle area
D. Jobs in the fast food industry are not considered to be representative of low wage jobs in general
E. As a result of the higher minimum wage, some fast food restaurants in Seattle became unprofitable and had to shut down

(A) If the borders of the Seattle metropolitan area were specifically selected to create the impression that 5,000 jobs were lost, this is a reason to question the author’s conclusion.

(B) If there has been an industry-wide decline in sales in the fast food industry, this would be an alternative explanation for the job losses, and would undermine the author’s conclusion that the minimum wage increase had caused job losses.

(C) If the national chain is began paying less money to the Seattle area franchisees two years ago, this could lead some of them to close down. Thus, this answer does question the author’s conclusion.

(D) If jobs in the fast food industry do not accurately represent low wage jobs in general, then the author cannot justify drawing his conclusion from the evidence presented.

(E) Correct. This choice clearly supports the author’s conclusion that the minimum wage increase led to job losses; it is not a reason to question the conclusion.

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Joined: 27 Aug 2013
Posts: 4
Location: United States (CT)
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V38
GPA: 4

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31 May 2016, 15:17
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. 1. 1st option does not talk about low pay jobs. Also it says the no. of jobs lost depends on the definition. So based on definition, the number may vary, but cause may remain the same.

2. 2nd option talks about healthier eating leading to decrease in sales and nowhere discusses the loss of jobs due to this reason. No relation between sales and low wage jobs lost was provided.
Manager
Joined: 12 Aug 2015
Posts: 125
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.38

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26 Sep 2016, 17:45

Is it a weaken, strengthen etc question type. The question stem is unclear to me,.
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

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26 Sep 2016, 18:07
1988achilles wrote:

Is it a weaken, strengthen etc question type. The question stem is unclear to me,.

This is a weaken (except) type question. The stem means:
Which of the following does not weaken the author's conclusion?
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Joined: 31 Jul 2015
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21 Apr 2017, 04:01
If I'm not wrong the word board in the last sentence of this question
This examples shows that the federal minimum wage should not be raised, because it will cause low wage jobs to be lost across the board.

must be border.
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Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
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GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

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01 May 2017, 02:24
urhowig wrote:
If I'm not wrong the word board in the last sentence of this question
This examples shows that the federal minimum wage should not be raised, because it will cause low wage jobs to be lost across the board.

must be border.

"Board" is alright - "across the board" means "at all levels". There is no context of country/state in this question - so I am not sure why "across the border" comes to your mind.
Re: V10-28   [#permalink] 01 May 2017, 02:24
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