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Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,

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Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 05:42
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  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:51) correct 46% (02:00) wrong based on 206 sessions

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Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years, but the art tariff of 1883 forced policy-makers to examine the status of art in society and the idea of art as a commodity. The tariff, which was vehemently opposed by both European and American artists, increased levies on all artworks imported to America, which, for all practical purposes, lumped them into the category of luxury items. Opposition to the tariff rested largely on the idea that a work of art could not be classified as a luxury item and thus should not be subject to tax. Instead, opponents considered art an instrument of culture and an essential element of public education.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the justification for the art tariff?


A)Art imports were taxed to help pay for the Civil War.
B)Most art collectors donated their works to museums.
C)Most artworks imported to America were purchased by private collectors.
D)The status of art as a material object distinguishes it from music.
E)Works by contemporary artists were excluded from the tax.



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Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 20:10
Question Type: Weaken

Main Point: Works of art must not be taxed.

We have to strengthen the opponents view in order to undermine the justification for art tariff.

A)Art imports were taxed to help pay for the Civil War. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

B)Most art collectors donated their works to museums. - Correct. This adds some sort of support to the opponents view that artworks were an instrument of culture and an essential element of public education. The art collectors donated their works to museums to support the cause of public education. So works of art are not luxury items and must not be taxed. This undermines the justification for art tariff.

C)Most artworks imported to America were purchased by private collectors. - Incorrect. Opposite. Supports the view that artworks were luxury items.

D)The status of art as a material object distinguishes it from music. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

E)Works by contemporary artists were excluded from the tax. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

Answer: B
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Re: Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 05:20
Vyshak wrote:
Question Type: Weaken

Main Point: Works of art must not be taxed.

We have to strengthen the opponents view in order to undermine the justification for art tariff.

A)Art imports were taxed to help pay for the Civil War. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

B)Most art collectors donated their works to museums. - Correct. This adds some sort of support to the opponents view that artworks were an instrument of culture and an essential element of public education. The art collectors donated their works to museums to support the cause of public education. So works of art are not luxury items and must not be taxed. This undermines the justification for art tariff.

C)Most artworks imported to America were purchased by private collectors. - Incorrect. Opposite. Supports the view that artworks were luxury items.

D)The status of art as a material object distinguishes it from music. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

E)Works by contemporary artists were excluded from the tax. - Incorrect. Irrelevant.

Answer: B



hello,
could you please explain that how did you determine that we need to support the opposition's argument , i think i did not catch the question well?

please help

thanks
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Re: Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 07:27
nks2611 wrote:


hello,
could you please explain that how did you determine that we need to support the opposition's argument , i think i did not catch the question well?

please help

thanks


Why was the tariff on artworks very high? Artworks were treated as though they belonged to a category of luxury items. This was the justification for imposing a very high art tariff. We have to undermine the justification.
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Re: Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2017, 08:48
Thank you very much, actually i were unable to find conclusion, could you do a favor just mentioning conclusion for the better understanding of this argument [SMILING FACE WITH SMILING EYES]

Many thanks

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Re: Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 10:17
The justification for the art tariff: art can be qualified as a luxury item
To undermine this justification, we'd want to show that art is not a luxury item.

This seems to be what B is going for. If most collectors are donating their art to museums, then they don't seem to see art as a luxury item.
Re: Various goods brought into America have been taxed over the years, &nbs [#permalink] 27 Nov 2017, 10:17
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