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# Verbal Challenge CR I

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2013, 00:18
Here are the solutions of the set:

1)On average, the team hit more home runs playing in front of larger crowds than in front of smaller crowds. The argument attributes this statistic to the motivation that comes from playing in front of larger crowds. In order to undermine this conclusion, look for another reason to explain why more home runs were hit in front of larger crowds.

(A) The argument is based solely upon the team trend, so the existence of individual performances countering that trend is irrelevant.
(B) The claim made in the argument is based on the size of the crowd in each stadium. For whom the fans cheered is irrelevant to the argument.
(C) The argument is based solely upon the overall correlation, so the existence of individual data points countering that trend is irrelevant.
(D) CORRECT. This choice explains that the dimensions of the larger stadiums differ systematically from those of the smaller stadiums. In order to accommodate a larger number of fans, the outfield walls are closer to the batters. Thus, it is very possible that the greater number of home runs is due to the fact that the ball does not have to travel as far in larger stadiums.
(E) The announcer’s opinion is not relevant to the argument, and, even if it were, this choice would strengthen the argument.
_______________________________

2)The argument discusses the conditions under which Native American tribes can lay claim to a particular set of historical artifacts and remains. Specifically, the Umatilla must establish a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to those remains upon which they have laid claim. The choice that does not help establish one of the three aforementioned direct links is the choice that does not strengthen the claim.

(A) The similarity of the tools found with the remains to those known to have been used by the ancestors of the Umatilla provide some evidence that a direct archaeological link exists, strengthening the claim.
(B) DNA shows a direct historical link from the tribes to the remains, strengthening the claim.
(C) CORRECT. First, this is a moral claim and does not fulfill the legal conditions by which the Umatilla's claims are based (i.e., it does not establish any direct archaeological, geological, or historical links). More importantly, even if it is established that the Umatilla deserve to bury their ancient remains, this does not provide any evidence to establish that the particular set of remains to which the Umatilla are laying claim are indeed the remains of the Umatilla. Hence, this choice does not provide any support to the Umatilla’s claim from either a moral or legal standpoint.
(D) Proximity to an excavation site shows both a geological and archaeological link to the remains, strengthening the claim.
(E) Artifacts similar to those used by the Umatilla show evidence of a direct archaeological link to the remains, strengthening the claim.

_______________________________
3)Identify the Question
The prompt asks for a statement that "strongly supports" the conclusion, so this is a Strengthen question.

Deconstruct the Argument
In the passage, the instructor states that sewing leather is in some ways easier than sewing fabric, and provides two specific ways in which that statement is true. The instructor then concludes, unexpectedly given the facts just stated, that beginning sewers should nonetheless acquire mastery with fabric before switching to leather. No reasons are provided for why fabric is better for beginners.

State the Goal
Right now, the instructor's argument is not actually an argument, as there are no statements supporting the contention that fabric is better than leather for beginners. Therefore, to strengthen the argument -- or, perhaps more accurately, to create an argument in the first place -- we need at least one reason why fabric is more appropriate than leather for beginning sewers. Notice that the desired statement must satisfy two conditions. First, it must describe an advantage of fabric over leather; second, it must apply specifically, or especially, to beginners.

Work from Wrong to Right

(A) The fact that this attachment must be purchased separately may present a minor inconvenience, but because it is inexpensive, this is not a major deterrent. (If the attachment were expensive, then this statement would provide some support for the argument, as it would be inadvisable for beginners to spend a great deal on a new hobby until achieving a certain level of competence.)
(B) While this may be true, this choice provides no reason why it would be better for beginners to learn how to sew using fabric even though there are at least two reasons why it's easier to sew leather.
(C) Although this statement suggests that fabric may, in general, be more versatile than leather, it provides no support for the idea that fabric is more appropriate for beginning sewers.
(D) CORRECT. This statement provides a concrete advantage of fabric in the case of sewing errors; namely, incorrect stitches can be removed from fabric, but not from leather, without leaving visible evidence. Moreover, it may reasonably be assumed that beginners make mistakes more frequently than other sewers, so issues regarding errors are of particular concern to beginners. This choice thus supports the instructor's argument.
(E) This choice explains another advantage of leather over fabric, and so is exactly the opposite of what is needed.
_________________

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2013, 00:32
blueseas wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge": the SC questions will be out tomorrow.

The solutions will be out in 4-5 days, kudos to correct answer and explanations!

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

IMO D
CONCLUSION:the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
we have to weaken the argument in other words we have to show that increase in home runs was due to some other factor and not because of he excitement of playing in front of large crowds.

clearly D does that:
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>the overall length is being reduced everytime there is an increase in number of crowds in order capacitate them.....hence players are hitting more home runs.

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.==>just stating the fact for leading home run hitter.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.===>even if the fans are cheering the opposite team..we are not sure ...whether the home team is getting excited or not....hence misses the point.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.===>we are not worried about the largest or smallest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>correct
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.====>thiS rather strenghtens..hence not correct

waiting OA

Why can't the answer be E...

CONCLUSION:the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
Maybe its not the large crowds, but the crowd's noise that motivates the players to score well..
Maybe people are sitting quiet, and not creating any noise..
_________________

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2013, 01:38
jaituteja wrote:
blueseas wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge": the SC questions will be out tomorrow.

The solutions will be out in 4-5 days, kudos to correct answer and explanations!

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

IMO D
CONCLUSION:the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
we have to weaken the argument in other words we have to show that increase in home runs was due to some other factor and not because of he excitement of playing in front of large crowds.

clearly D does that:
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>the overall length is being reduced everytime there is an increase in number of crowds in order capacitate them.....hence players are hitting more home runs.

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.==>just stating the fact for leading home run hitter.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.===>even if the fans are cheering the opposite team..we are not sure ...whether the home team is getting excited or not....hence misses the point.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.===>we are not worried about the largest or smallest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>correct
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.====>thiS rather strenghtens..hence not correct

waiting OA

Why can't the answer be E...

CONCLUSION:the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
Maybe its not the large crowds, but the crowd's noise that motivates the players to score well..
Maybe people are sitting quiet, and not creating any noise..

hi,

QUESTION STEM IS:
Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

Means while considering each of the answer choices we have to assume it to be true.

option E: The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.==>According to this ==>announcer cited crowd noise==>means there was noise ==>you cant assume that crowd was silent.

hope it helps
_________________

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2013, 06:06
Zarrolou wrote:
2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.

Although C seems correct.
I have question concerning option B. Definitely B is a direct link but it is a biological link (DNA) and the stimulus explicitly states a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link. In such a case B does no agree with the stimulus.

Any thoughts ??
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2013, 15:15
Dear Zarrolou,
Do you think these questions are 700 level? I think they are may be 600-650 range.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2013, 06:06
1. D
--->
Quote:
In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
implies that it is not infact the fans that helped/motivated the team to perform better, but modified pitch size and measurements helped them
2. C
--->
Quote:
The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
Yes the remains might deserve respect, but it does not prove that the Umatilla are entitled to the remains.
3.D
--->
Quote:
When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
This proves that you infact need to be specialised in sewing to avoid leaving holes in leather in case of errors.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2018, 06:17
1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

What are we looking for - Something , which can confirm the reason behind the win / loss. Is it the crowd or anything else. One thing which comes in the mind is the area of the field. What if - the sitting capacity is not directly proportional to the area of the filed.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
-- We can't evaluate the answer on the basis of one player.

B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
-- This choice is a bit vague. Larger stadium as in .?? We have three stadiums to compare and even the smallest here will be larger than some stadium.

C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
-- Irrelevant.

D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
-- This makes sense, so we are saying, sitting capacity is inversely proportional to the area of the filed. so lesser the area , higher the score. -- correct answer

E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.
-- irrelevant.
Re: Verbal Challenge CR I &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jun 2018, 06:17

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