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Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:00
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Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 One quant and one verbal question will be posted each day starting on Monday Sept 17th at 10 AM PST/1 PM EST and the first person to correctly answer the question and show how they arrived at the answer will win a free Veritas Prep GMAT course ($1,650 value). Winners will be selected and notified by a GMAT Club moderator. For more questions and details please check here: veritasprep10yearanniversarygiveaway138806.htmlTo participate, please make sure you provide the correct answer (A,B,C,D,E) and explanation that clearly shows how you arrived at it. Winners will be announced the following day at 10 AM Pacific/1 PM Eastern Time. What is the value of integer \(q\)?(1) \(qr + qs = r + s\) (2) \(r\neq{s}\)
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:00
Winner: Vips0000Official Explanation: Answer is CStatement 1 at first appears to be sufficient, as one can factor out the common \(q\) to get: \(q(r + s) = r + s\). This would suggest that \(q\) equals one. But you must ask about statement 2, “why are you here?”. Statement 2 is clearly not sufficient, but it sheds a bit of light on something you may not have considered with statement 1. If \(r\) were to equal \({s}\), then \(r + s\) would be 0. And in that case, our revised equation for statement 1, \(q(r + s) = r + s\), is true for any value of \(q\). So statement 2 is critical  it shows us that statement 1 is not sufficient alone, but that along with statement 2 we can rest assured that \(q\) is 1. The correct answer is C.
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Collection of Questions: PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:01
Ans is C A gives us either q=1 or r=s.. but can not say B gives us r not equal to s.. Combining we get q=1 So C
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:03
Answer is C 1) insufficient as q can be 1 or 0 2) Insufficient 3) Q = is 1 as r is not equal to  s
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:04
ans is c
because we need b otherwise we cant cancel 0 on both sides



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:05
@ mods..i just could not see the question before 10:03..i tried refreshing but it was linking to question number 3 !



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:09
(1) qr + qs = r + s <=> q (r+s) = (r+s) <=> r + s = 0 or q = 1 Can't determine q > not sufficient (2) r is different to s => r+s <> 0 . No information about q > not sufficient
(1) + (2): r+s <> 0 & q(r+s) = (r+s) => q =1 Sufficient
My answer is C



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:09
The answer is: ( C) Solution: What is the value of integer ?
We have: (1) qr+qs = r+s Then q(r+s) = r+s => (q1)(r+s)=0 => q=1 or r=s. So it’s not Sufficient Together with (2) r≠s, we have q=1.So the answer is C



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:16
Ans is C. stmt 1) qr + qs = r + s => q(r+s) = (r+s) => q=1 if (r+s) not equal to 0 OR q does not have unique value if (r+s)=0 stmt 2) r not equal to s => (r+s) not equal to 0 Hence, to find unique value of q stmt 1) & 2) both necessary



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:38
I will choose Answer C:
Statement 1: qr + qs = r + s q(r + s) = r + s
most of the people prefer to divide both sides by (r + S) and hence conclude that q = 1. As per my understanding, GMAT does not prefer that way because it eliminates one solution. (if one does as this, one will miss (r + s) = 0 as answer)
As per my understanding, q(r + s) = r + s q(r + s)  (r + s) = 0 (r + s)(q  1) = 0
either (r + s) = 0 or (q  1) = 0. if (r + s) = 0 then q can have any value. statement 1 insufficient.
Statement 2: r is not equal to s does not provide any information about value of q statement 2 is insufficient.
statement 1 and 2: from statement 1, we know that either (r + s) = 0 or (q  1) = 0 but from statement 2, we know that r NE s, so (r + s) NE 0
substitute this in statemet 1. we will get (q  1) = 0
q = 1
sufficient
OA please?



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 10:46
Ans : C R+c should not be 0 in the 1st equation to get a value for Q This is confirmed by 2nd statement. " R+c not= 0" We need both statements together so ans is C



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 11:41
C.  (2) is not sufficient since irrelevant. BD out  (1) q (r+s) = r + s (q1)(r+s)= 0 => Either (q1) = 0 or (r+s) = 0. Not sufficient in case of (r+s) = 0. A out  Both (1)&(2), from (2) we have r+s <>0, combine with (1) we have q = 1: sufficient



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 17:50
C a  if r+s = 0; q could be anything B  not sufficient C works. Q=1



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 20:18
why not (A)? (i)q(r+s)=(r+s) q=? ...(doesn't matter what r or s is , we have to find the q ;not to check whether is positive negative or zero);the value cant be found out insufficient so (A) is sufficient (ii) lacks infoinsufficient
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 20:48
1) qr + qs = r + s thus, q (r+s) = (r+s). Now you can't divide since r+s=0. If r+s is not 0, then q=1. Hence insufficient 2) r+s is not = 0. no information about q.
Both combined  we can say that q = 1. Thus, answer is C
Last edited by prep on 19 Sep 2012, 20:51, edited 1 time in total.



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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 21:09
thevenus wrote: why not (A)? (i)q(r+s)=(r+s) q=? ...(doesn't matter what r or s is , we have to find the q ;not to check whether is positive negative or zero);the value cant be found out insufficient so (A) is sufficient (ii) lacks infoinsufficient A will only be the answer if statement (1) is sufficient to provide one exact answer to the question, what is the value of q?
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 22:14
A. q(R+S) =(R+S) Let the value of r and s be anything q will always be equal to 1.
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 22:29
yashii9 wrote: A.
q(R+S) =(R+S)
Let the value of r and s be anything q will always be equal to 1. Not correct approach. what if R=S=0 then? Q(R+S) = 1*(R+S) => Q=1 ? as well as Q(R+S)=10*(R+S) =>Q=10 ? and it can be shown to be true for any other number... So first you can not claim Q=1 this way. Second, the conclusion u reached Q(R+S) =(R+S) => Q=1 this is arrived when you've divided both sides by (R+S). Which can not be done if R+S = 0, as it will be illegal operation to divide by 0. Unless you are certain about r+s <>0, you can not reach to conclusion.
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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19 Sep 2012, 22:33
Vips0000 wrote: yashii9 wrote: A.
q(R+S) =(R+S)
Let the value of r and s be anything q will always be equal to 1. Not correct approach. what if R=S=0 then? Q(R+S) = 1*(R+S) => Q=1 ? as well as Q(R+S)=10*(R+S) =>Q=10 ? and it can be shown to be true for any other number... So first you can not claim Q=1 this way. Second, the conclusion u reached Q(R+S) =(R+S) => Q=1 this is arrived when you've divided both sides by (R+S). Which can not be done if R+S = 0, as it will be illegal operation to divide by 0. Unless you are certain about r+s <>0, you can not reach to conclusion. Dear vips  if r or s is 0... the equation will be 0 on both side..and u can not get the value of q. if either r or s is 0 u still get q=1 isnt it? Also if we are to consider this as an unanswerable case  then even point 2 wont help. r not equal to s...could well mean r =s =0 again no answer and then reach the conclusion to be E. What do you say?
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Re: Veritas Prep 10 Year Anniversary Promo Question #5 [#permalink]
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20 Sep 2012, 00:15
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Ans:C Statement1:given qr+qs=r+s =>q(r+s)=r+s =>q=1 only when r not equal to s If r=s,then q is undefined Hence Statement1 is insufficient Statement2:given r not equal to s No information about q Hence Statement2 is insufficient
By combining both statements 1 and 2 q=1 when r not equal to s Hence C is the correct answer
Last edited by sdpp143 on 20 Sep 2012, 00:24, edited 1 time in total.




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