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# Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies

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Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2005, 06:36
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Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies at home on videotape. People who own VCRs go to movie theaters more often than do people who do not own VCRs. Contrary to popular belief, therefore, owning a VCR actually stimulates people to go to movie theaters more often than they otherwise would.

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it

(A) concludes that a claim must be false because of the mere absence of evidence in its favor

(B) cites in support of the conclusion evidence that is inconsistent with other information that is provided

(C) fails to establish that the phenomena interpreted as cause and effect are not both direct effects of some other factor

(D) takes a condition that by itself guarantees the occurrence of a certain phenomenon to be a condition that therefore must be met for that phenomenon to occur

(E) bases a broad claim about the behavior of people in general on a comparison between two groups of people that together include only a small proportion of people overall
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05 Apr 2005, 06:46
(D) takes a condition that by itself guarantees the occurrence of a certain phenomenon to be a condition that therefore must be met for that phenomenon to occur => the flaw is that there may be a different reason than owning a vcr to go to the movies
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05 Apr 2005, 07:57
I pick "C".....there may be other causes for ppl with VCRs to go to movies e.g. they genuinely like movies.
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05 Apr 2005, 11:02
I pick C as well...
the facts could be not related
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05 Apr 2005, 12:53
i pick C too.

these 2 factors are not cause and effect.
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05 Apr 2005, 19:20
1) Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies at home on videotape.
2) People who own VCRs go to movie theaters more often than do people who do not own VCRs.
3) Owning a VCR stimulates people to go to movie theaters more often than they otherwise would. <-- conclusion

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it

(A) concludes that a claim must be false because of the mere absence of evidence in its favor
- Not supported by passage.

(B) cites in support of the conclusion evidence that is inconsistent with other information that is provided
- No such thing in the passage.

(C) fails to establish that the phenomena interpreted as cause and effect are not both direct effects of some other factor
- This is the one. Owning the VCR may or may not stimulate people to go to movie theaters. There could be other reasons involved.

(D) takes a condition that by itself guarantees the occurrence of a certain phenomenon to be a condition that therefore must be met for that phenomenon to occur
- We're not testing any conditions here

(E) bases a broad claim about the behavior of people in general on a comparison between two groups of people that together include only a small proportion of people overall
- Out.

C it is.
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07 Apr 2005, 16:18
pls refute B also,,,,,
i guess C tries talks about results being linked to 1 effect,,,,,,,that's not important ,,,,,,so D is better.
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07 Apr 2005, 18:41
OA is C.

But why we can prove that the frequency talked in the passage doesn't underlie the reason that owning a VCR actually stimulates people to go to movie theaters.

Thanks
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07 Apr 2005, 21:04
ywilfred wrote:
1) Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies at home on videotape.
2) People who own VCRs go to movie theaters more often than do people who do not own VCRs.
3) Owning a VCR stimulates people to go to movie theaters more often than they otherwise would. <-- conclusion

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it

(C) fails to establish that the phenomena interpreted as cause and effect are not both direct effects of some other factor
- This is the one. Owning the VCR may or may not stimulate people to go to movie theaters. There could be other reasons involved.
C it is.

Hi, why your reasoning (2)(3) cannot be explain as a cause and effect relationship?

what other reasons involved?
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08 Apr 2005, 09:42
Fact: VCR owners go to movie theaters more often than non VCR owners.
Conclusion: VCR stimulates people to go to theaters.

Fault in reasoning: Perhaps people who like to watch moview would buy VCRs AND go to theaters more often. In other words, it's not because having VCRs has made them going to theaters more often. Both VCR and going to theaters often are results of anther factor, their liking to watch movies.

Quote:
The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that it

(A) concludes that a claim must be false because of the mere absence of evidence in its favor

If the fact is that "non VCR owners do not go to theaters more often", then this would be our choice. Since the absense of evidence showing non VCR owners watching more movies would be used to support the claim was wrong. However the evidence presented here is actually directly supporting the conclusion that is countering the claim.

Quote:
(B) cites in support of the conclusion evidence that is inconsistent with other information that is provided

We don't know about that. As no other information is provided in the passage.

Quote:
(C) fails to establish that the phenomena interpreted as cause and effect are not both direct effects of some other factor

One possibility that it fail to root out is that they are both direct effect of another factor, for example, how people like to watch moview. Therefore it can not be convincing in establish its conclusion that VCR directly caused going to theater more often.
Correct.

Quote:
(D) takes a condition that by itself guarantees the occurrence of a certain phenomenon to be a condition that therefore must be met for that phenomenon to occur

Sounds very complicated. An example of this is: "The earth is round. Why? Because if it is not round then it cannot be earth!"

Quote:
(E) bases a broad claim about the behavior of people in general on a comparison between two groups of people that together include only a small proportion of people overall

If the stem says a survey of say high school children presented the fact, and then it make the conclusion on the people as a whole, then this would be the choice.
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11 Apr 2005, 21:33
Thanks HongHu

OA is C.
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07 May 2011, 11:14
OA is C and this is another sub-500 level question which 99/100 people get right.
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26 May 2011, 01:54
choice is between C and D.

C indeed brings out the fact that owning a VCR causes people to go to movie theater.However, as the fact mentions that its contrary to the popular belief,thereby meaning that there might be some other factor involved for such a behavior by people.

Hence C it is.
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29 May 2011, 08:57
go for C
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31 May 2011, 04:27
C, it identifies an alternate cause for both VCR purchases and going out to the movies
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31 May 2011, 10:17
+1 C
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31 May 2011, 14:31
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Re: Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2016, 06:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Videocassette recorders (VCRs) enable people to watch movies   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2016, 06:39
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