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# Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke

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Joined: 24 Aug 2012
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Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2012, 19:07
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82% (02:01) correct 18% (01:13) wrong based on 109 sessions

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Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke poses a serious health risk. After the publication of yet another research paper explicating the link between exposure to second-hand smoke and a shorter life span, some members of the State House of Representatives proposed a ban on smoking in most public places in an attempt to promote quality of life and length of lifespan.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the actions of the State Representatives?

A) The amount of damaging chemicals and fumes released into the air by cigarette smoke is far less than the amount released from automobiles, especially from older models.
B) Banning smoking in most public places will not considerably reduce the percent of the population in the state in question that smokes.
C) The state whose legislators are proposing the tough smoking legislation has a relatively high percent of its population that smoke.
D) Another state that enacted a similar law a decade ago saw a statistically significant drop in lung-cancer rates among non-smokers.
E) A nearby state up-wind has the highest number of smokers in the country.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 05:37
kingb wrote:
Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke poses a serious health risk. After the publication of yet another research paper explicating the link between exposure to second-hand smoke and a shorter life span, some members of the State House of Representatives proposed a ban on smoking in most public places in an attempt to promote quality of life and length of lifespan.

Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the actions of the State Representatives?

A) The amount of damaging chemicals and fumes released into the air by cigarette smoke is far less than the amount released from automobiles, especially from older models.
B) Banning smoking in most public places will not considerably reduce the percent of the population in the state in question that smokes.
C) The state whose legislators are proposing the tough smoking legislation has a relatively high percent of its population that smoke.
D) Another state that enacted a similar law a decade ago saw a statistically significant drop in lung-cancer rates among non-smokers.
E) A nearby state up-wind has the highest number of smokers in the country.

We need a strengthener that will support the Ban that will result in quality of life and in increase in lifespan of non smoker.

Let's look at the answer choices:

A. is incorrect as it states that the ban will hardly have any affect. It works as Strengthener.
B. is incorrect for the same reason as A.
C. is incorrect as it talks about the population of smokers and not the affect. Out of scope.
D. is correct. It provides an instance in which the same ban worked.
E. is incorrect as we are not concerned about the population of smokers. Out of Scope.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 11:39
I narrowed it down to B and C

Pls help me to eliminate B, It states that population of smokers in the state, where the law is to be enacted is more, hence they need the law to improve the standard of life and health of non smoker.

So by stressing on the large population of smoker it becomes necessary to enforce the law.

Option C states that it worked in some other state so the law will be effective in other states also. there can be N no of reasons which are present in the state where the stint was successful, the same reasons may or may not be present in the states in which the law is to be enforced.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 12:33
Archit143 wrote:
I narrowed it down to B and C

Pls help me to eliminate B, It states that population of smokers in the state, where the law is to be enacted is more, hence they need the law to improve the standard of life and health of non smoker.

So by stressing on the large population of smoker it becomes necessary to enforce the law.

Option C states that it worked in some other state so the law will be effective in other states also. there can be N no of reasons which are present in the state where the stint was successful, the same reasons may or may not be present in the states in which the law is to be enforced.

A strengthener should support the conclusion. The conclusion in the argument is that banning smoking in public place will promote quality of life and length of lifespan.

Choice B states that the percent of smokers will not decrease thus, people will continue to smoke. Whether the law will provide the desire results cannot be determined.

Choice C states that the law will be applicable to places where smokers are high. There are 2 ways to look at it. If smokers are high then non-smokers will be low, thus the length of lifespan is not applicable in this case. Secondly, even if the law is applied, we are not sure of the results. What if smokers still continue to smoke in the public place..

Choice D clearly state that the similar law was levied on other state and the results were achieved. Thus, it supports the conclusion.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 13:04
srry there was typo in my original post pls read option C as D.

I narrwoed it to B and D

@vineetk: As u mentioned there are two ways of looking at option B, similarly there are two of looking at D also,
One is exclusively the state enacted the law and got the result as the quality and lifespan improved.

Another way is the state enacted the law as well as enforced other measures, the later was more helpful in improving the quality and lifespan rather than the former, hence the option will weaken the argument.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 13:05
I feel that B,C, and D all three are debatable options.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 13:10
Archit143 wrote:
srry there was typo in my original post pls read option C as D.

I narrwoed it to B and D

@vineetk: As u mentioned there are two ways of looking at option B, similarly there are two of looking at D also,
One is exclusively the state enacted the law and got the result as the quality and lifespan improved.

Another way is the state enacted the law as well as enforced other measures, the later was more helpful in improving the quality and lifespan rather than the former, hence the option will weaken the argument.

We just have to go with the given statement. The statement is stating similar law and that is enough, we do not need to assume any additional information because the statement are framed very carefully by GMAC and GMAC does not leave any statement that it wants to communicate. Thus, every word in the statement is put intentionally. If GMAC wanted to communicate that city used other factor along with law, it would have stated it.

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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 15:03
I doubt der are many such options which are eliminated on the basis of implied meaning.

Few such choices are the choices that contain wordings such as Some, many etc.
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Re: Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 23:52
Archit143 wrote:
I doubt der are many such options which are eliminated on the basis of implied meaning.

Few such choices are the choices that contain wordings such as Some, many etc.

You can check this link. It will provide you the detail how the words mentioned by you - Some, Any etc. work/ mean in GMAT.

article-what-and-how-to-negate-4-exercise-questions-138510.html
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11 Sep 2016, 06:59
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Virtually all health experts agree that second-hand smoke poses a serious health risk. After the publication of yet another research paper explicating the link between exposure to second-hand smoke and a shorter life span, some members of the State House of Representatives proposed a ban on smoking in most public places in an attempt to promote quality of life and length of lifespan.
Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the actions of the State Representatives?

A) The amount of damaging chemicals and fumes released into the air by cigarette smoke is far less than the amount released from automobiles, especially from older models.

B) Banning smoking in most public places will not considerably reduce the percent of the population in the state in question that smokes.

C) The state whose legislators are proposing the tough smoking legislation has a relatively high percent of its population that smoke.

D) Another state that enacted a similar law a decade ago saw a statistically significant drop in lung-cancer rates among non-smokers.

E) A nearby state up-wind has the highest number of smokers in the country.
Critical Reasoning   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2016, 06:59
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