Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;

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Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 02:34
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Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 06:21
as there is semicolon its between B and D
B is wordy ..hence D
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 07:26
tenaman10 wrote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

OA with OE to follow ..

"it" in both B and D is clearly referred to Visby. However, "this" in B has no clear reference.

D is not parallel ( missing "is" after ",and")

C can stand on its own. So, C sounds like the best choice.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 07:29
how presence of semi colon makes you to settle down to B and D ??
pls share logic !!
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 08:59
tenaman10 wrote:
how presence of semi colon makes you to settle down to B and D ??
pls share logic !!

The statements after the semi colon should be able to stand on their own. So that narrows it down to B C & D.

B is out of it for sure, just too wordy.
I agree with sanjay, it has to be C. D is just no parallel.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 09:54
tenaman10 wrote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

OA with OE to follow ..

B.
1. Usage of semi colon: The sentence following semi colon should be able to stand by itself. Only B, C, and D come close.
2. Clarity of meaning: Both C and D has wrong cause and effect relationship
3. Grammar: In D, you need "is" before "arguably"
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 10:04
botirvoy wrote:
tenaman10 wrote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

OA with OE to follow ..

B.
1. Usage of semi colon: The sentence following semi colon should be able to stand by itself. Only B, C, and D come close.
2. Clarity of meaning: Both C and D has wrong cause and effect relationship
3. Grammar: In D, you need "is" before "arguably"

what kind of cause and effect relationship are you talking about? could you please explain?
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 10:58
OA is D .
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 12:00
tenaman10 wrote:
OA is D .

D would have been an obvious choice had it not been missing "is". With all choices as is, D can't be the best choice.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2009, 16:02
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sanjay_gmat wrote:
botirvoy wrote:
tenaman10 wrote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

OA with OE to follow ..

B.
1. Usage of semi colon: The sentence following semi colon should be able to stand by itself. Only B, C, and D come close.
2. Clarity of meaning: Both C and D has wrong cause and effect relationship
3. Grammar: In D, you need "is" before "arguably"

what kind of cause and effect relationship are you talking about? could you please explain?

For example, B says Visby "has become a World Heritage Site"(Y) as a result of being " best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia" (X)
So, X -> Y

However, having reread A, I now see that both X and Y are independent outcomes. I guess, one of the reasons I chose B is that other choices are clearly wrong, including the "OA". B, on the other hand, is a perfectly sensible choice - only that it changes the meaning of the original sentence.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 19:29
I disagree with OA.D What is the source??
agree with B.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2009, 04:18
source - verbal sectional test - 800score.com
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2009, 22:24
x2suresh wrote:
I disagree with OA.D What is the source??
agree with B.

Suresh, in B, "as a result of this" doesn't look right. "as a result" would have been appropriate. By the way, what problem do you see with C ?
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2009, 20:26
tenaman10 wrote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site..

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World
Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

OA with OE to follow ..

Clearly A,C,E do not stand by themselves as sentences.

C seems to be but the way the sentence is written does not sound right.

Between B & D, I feel that D is wrong. Clearly a site become a heritage site, if there is some thing precious left over time.

D reverses the order. In D the sentence loses the meaning of why it became a heritage site. It just did not become a heritage site night over night or for ashes lying around. It became a heritage site as it was the best preserved medieval town in S

Where is the OE?
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2009, 15:53
Good discussion. I just want to offer my \$0.02 if anyone cares-

When to use comma before AND,

In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last.... "red, white, and blue "

Place a comma before and or but introducing an independent clause

"he early records of the city have disappeared, and the story of its first years can no longer be reconstructed.

So now you can see why D is wrong- it does not have a complete clause after COMMA and AND.

I know GMAT says it does not test your punctuation skills.... but knowing basic punctuation skills helps quite a bit.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 07:38
i am sorry erroneously I have posted wrong OA ..
following is OE -
(C). This question tests your recognition of misplaced modifiers, changes in meaning, wordiness and sentence
fragments. The original sentence contains a semi-colon; the clause on either side of the colon must be
independent. Also, the second clause is a fragment and contains a misplaced modifier: ‘arguably the best
preserved….’ This modifier must modify Visby. In this case, it modifies nothing. Choice (B) corrects both
problems but is excessively wordy: ‘and, as a result of this.’ Choice (D) does not refer back to the subject in the
second part of the sentence: ‘and arguably…’, and (E)also omits the subject by beginning with ‘is.’ Only (C)
corrects the original problems, indicates the cause of the World Heritage marker, and maintains concision.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 23:38
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 02:57
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ritula wrote:
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?

Yes C is alsow independent clause.

arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

rewrite the above sentence..

Visby has become a World Heritage Site ,arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia

Blue part is independent clause
Red part is modifier which modfies subject it (Visby)..
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 09:16
I think all the interesting points in this question have been raised. Through intuition, I was led to C, but now I have solid proofs to back it up:

- When there is a semicolon, the two parts of the sentence must be independent clauses. C offers that, though not in the conventional style. It sill has 'it' after the initial modifier
- Really liked the explanation given by kukulkan. It may be a good idea to check the positioning of comma quickly.
- I do not agree with the cause and effect point raised because I think the two aspects about Visby can be presented in an independent style. For instance, if D were: 'it has become a World Heritage Site, and is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia', it could have been a potential answer.

Hence..C
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 10:54
This is my problem with C -

C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

It doesn't have a clear referrent in my opinion. How do we know 100% it's relating to Visby?

Isn't is between "and arguably" automatically implied?

D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.

x2suresh wrote:
ritula wrote:
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?

Yes C is alsow independent clause.

arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

rewrite the above sentence..

Visby has become a World Heritage Site ,arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia

Blue part is independent clause
Red part is modifier which modfies subject it (Visby)..
Re: SC - semi colon   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2009, 10:54

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