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# Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;

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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 08:38
i am sorry erroneously I have posted wrong OA ..
following is OE -
(C). This question tests your recognition of misplaced modifiers, changes in meaning, wordiness and sentence
fragments. The original sentence contains a semi-colon; the clause on either side of the colon must be
independent. Also, the second clause is a fragment and contains a misplaced modifier: ‘arguably the best
preserved….’ This modifier must modify Visby. In this case, it modifies nothing. Choice (B) corrects both
problems but is excessively wordy: ‘and, as a result of this.’ Choice (D) does not refer back to the subject in the
second part of the sentence: ‘and arguably…’, and (E)also omits the subject by beginning with ‘is.’ Only (C)
corrects the original problems, indicates the cause of the World Heritage marker, and maintains concision.
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 00:38
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?

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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 03:57
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ritula wrote:
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?

Yes C is alsow independent clause.

arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

rewrite the above sentence..

Visby has become a World Heritage Site ,arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia

Blue part is independent clause
Red part is modifier which modfies subject it (Visby)..
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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 10:16
I think all the interesting points in this question have been raised. Through intuition, I was led to C, but now I have solid proofs to back it up:

- When there is a semicolon, the two parts of the sentence must be independent clauses. C offers that, though not in the conventional style. It sill has 'it' after the initial modifier
- Really liked the explanation given by kukulkan. It may be a good idea to check the positioning of comma quickly.
- I do not agree with the cause and effect point raised because I think the two aspects about Visby can be presented in an independent style. For instance, if D were: 'it has become a World Heritage Site, and is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia', it could have been a potential answer.

Hence..C

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Re: SC - semi colon [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2009, 11:54
This is my problem with C -

C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

It doesn't have a clear referrent in my opinion. How do we know 100% it's relating to Visby?

Isn't is between "and arguably" automatically implied?

D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.

x2suresh wrote:
ritula wrote:
Now im more confused. If C is the OA then can we say that the sentence after semicolon is an independent clause?

Yes C is alsow independent clause.

arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.

rewrite the above sentence..

Visby has become a World Heritage Site ,arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia

Blue part is independent clause
Red part is modifier which modfies subject it (Visby)..

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2010, 08:30
In my view, it's C, though it's more of intuition. A&E are obviously out as omitting the subject, D has strange forming, and B has unnecessary rich wording

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2010, 13:16
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Quote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

The answer is C. The person who posted the OA as D did it by mistake--according to another source...

Here's my recommended approach to this question:
Step 1: Scan the sentence and notice a semi colon that is NOT part of the underlined portion of the sentence. That means the underlined portion must read just like a full regular sentence.

Step 2: So now that we pretend the entire first part of the sentence before the semicolon is not there---we notice that the underlined portion does not make sense. "Arguably...., " is the phrase that should describe the subject on the other side of the comma. Instead, we have "and has become..."--which does not make sense in A.

Step 3: Eliminate A and look at other alternatives in the answer choices.

With (B), it's quite wordy "and, as a result of this..."---NOT GOOD

With (C), "arguably" describes the word next to the comma "it"--so that makes sense. seems OK

With (D), you don't need the comma before "and"----if you use a comma, then there needs to be a subject on the right side of the comma. --seems IFFY

With (E), where's the subject? It starts with "is"--which does not make sense. Remember the underlined portion should read as a complete sentence so it cannot start with "is"---NOT GOOD

Step 4: Only answer choice (C) makes sense. Read it again..does it make sense as a sentence by itself?

"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site."

It's OK to have "it" refer back to the portion on the other side of the semicolon way back in the beginning.

You can also reread it like this:
"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, [Visby] has become a World Heritage Site."

Choose C and move on!

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 12:01
When seperated with ; both part of sentence requires two independent clause with sub and verb only choice B & D satisfies this criteria
between b & d I chose D as it is concise and better than B

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 15:43
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.

(A) arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
(B) it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World Heritage Site.
(C) arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
(D) it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
(E) is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

IMO C.

A> is the largest and best preserved and has become - doubtful construction
B> lengthy
C> short and concise
D> "it has become" modifies the best preserved medieval town too?
E> world heritage site modifies - Scandinavia?

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 20:17
I have no idea how D could be write....that must be incorrect.

In my opinion, B or C and more likely C due to concision.

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 20:23
gmatpill wrote:
Quote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

The answer is C. The person who posted the OA as D did it by mistake--according to another source...

Here's my recommended approach to this question:
Step 1: Scan the sentence and notice a semi colon that is NOT part of the underlined portion of the sentence. That means the underlined portion must read just like a full regular sentence.

Step 2: So now that we pretend the entire first part of the sentence before the semicolon is not there---we notice that the underlined portion does not make sense. "Arguably...., " is the phrase that should describe the subject on the other side of the comma. Instead, we have "and has become..."--which does not make sense in A.

Step 3: Eliminate A and look at other alternatives in the answer choices.

With (B), it's quite wordy "and, as a result of this..."---NOT GOOD

With (C), "arguably" describes the word next to the comma "it"--so that makes sense. seems OK

With (D), you don't need the comma before "and"----if you use a comma, then there needs to be a subject on the right side of the comma. --seems IFFY

With (E), where's the subject? It starts with "is"--which does not make sense. Remember the underlined portion should read as a complete sentence so it cannot start with "is"---NOT GOOD

Step 4: Only answer choice (C) makes sense. Read it again..does it make sense as a sentence by itself?

"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site."

It's OK to have "it" refer back to the portion on the other side of the semicolon way back in the beginning.

You can also reread it like this:
"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, [Visby] has become a World Heritage Site."

Choose C and move on!

My understading when we use semi-colon then the two clauses separated by semicolon should be independent. The option C does not allow this. Therefore option C can not be the best option.

Only B and D satisfies the condition above. In case of B there is un-necessary extra wordings and commas before and after 'and' hence eliminated.

We can safely go ahead with D.

Any other views?

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 09:34
shivganar wrote:
gmatpill wrote:
Quote:
Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.

A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World Heritage Site.
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site.
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia.
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site.

The answer is C. The person who posted the OA as D did it by mistake--according to another source...

Here's my recommended approach to this question:
Step 1: Scan the sentence and notice a semi colon that is NOT part of the underlined portion of the sentence. That means the underlined portion must read just like a full regular sentence.

Step 2: So now that we pretend the entire first part of the sentence before the semicolon is not there---we notice that the underlined portion does not make sense. "Arguably...., " is the phrase that should describe the subject on the other side of the comma. Instead, we have "and has become..."--which does not make sense in A.

Step 3: Eliminate A and look at other alternatives in the answer choices.

With (B), it's quite wordy "and, as a result of this..."---NOT GOOD

With (C), "arguably" describes the word next to the comma "it"--so that makes sense. seems OK

With (D), you don't need the comma before "and"----if you use a comma, then there needs to be a subject on the right side of the comma. --seems IFFY

With (E), where's the subject? It starts with "is"--which does not make sense. Remember the underlined portion should read as a complete sentence so it cannot start with "is"---NOT GOOD

Step 4: Only answer choice (C) makes sense. Read it again..does it make sense as a sentence by itself?

"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site."

It's OK to have "it" refer back to the portion on the other side of the semicolon way back in the beginning.

You can also reread it like this:
"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, [Visby] has become a World Heritage Site."

Choose C and move on!
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My understading when we use semi-colon then the two clauses separated by semicolon should be independent. The option C does not allow this. Therefore option C can not be the best option.

Only B and D satisfies the condition above. In case of B there is un-necessary extra wordings and commas before and after 'and' hence eliminated.

We can safely go ahead with D.

Any other views?

shivganar,
With semicolons, you should be able to read both sides separately and they should still make sense. Look carefully at (C) and reassess:

You can also reread it like this:
"Arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, [Visby] has become a World Heritage Site."

Ask yourself: Does this sound like a complete sentence? You should arrive at: YES
The structure is "[Phrase], [Main Sentence]"
The main sentence = "Visby has become a World Heritage Site." ---makes sense.
The phrase: "Arugably the best preserved medieval town in Scandinavia"---correctly describes "Visby"
So why wouldn't this read like an "independent clause"?

(C) is fine. Do you see this?

With (D), can you explain why there is a comma before the "and"? How can you justify that when the words to the right of the word "and" only make up a phrase?

(C) is the best answer.

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 12:38
Wow...I mean to spell "right" not "write"

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 13:25
I completely agree with gmatpill. Answer is C. 1000 series OA is C.
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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2010, 04:50
b/w C and D

"arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site."

"it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia."

if you had a choice of choosing the better sentence of the above which one do u choose, its boils down to that?

I recon D is right.

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2010, 17:58
I prefer C. Logically, preservation lends to World Heritage site designation. I'll review it again to learn more for SC success.

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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2010, 21:51
I said C, but perhaps, because the answer has a dependent clause ("arguably...") followed by an independent clause ("it..."), the meaning of the sentence is distorted. Choosing "C" implies that the city was chosen as a World Heritage site because it has been so well preserved, whereas the original just states two facts.

Any thoughts? (Again, this is just my take and I'm no English scholar!)
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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 06:41
Answer is D, because a ";" separates two equivalent sentences/clauses.
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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 13:28
misterchipper wrote:
I have no idea how D could be write....that must be incorrect.

In my opinion, B or C and more likely C due to concision.

Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland; arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site.
A. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a World Heritage Site. [it is absence of seperate subject]
B. it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and, as a result of this, has become a World Heritage Site. [this is unnecessarily wordy]
C. arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, it has become a World Heritage Site. [Why the cith is preserved? because the city has become world heritage. So world heritage is to be placed first.]
D. it has become a World Heritage Site, and arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia. [Right]
E. is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, a World Heritage Site. [same as A]
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Re: SC swedish island [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 23:56
IMO C.
I think we await an expert opinion here

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Re: SC swedish island   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2011, 23:56

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# Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;

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