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# Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in

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CEO
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20 Jun 2007, 10:31
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Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.

(A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became

(B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become

(C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming

(D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became

(E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Oct 2017, 21:22, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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20 Jun 2007, 10:42
bmwhype2 wrote:
Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become

"Who had " correctly modifies Vivian Thomas.
> eliminates B,C,D

A has tense problem - "had'..."struggling"

E is my pick

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20 Jun 2007, 10:46
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become <-- CORRECT

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20 Jun 2007, 11:40
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Vivien Thomas, who ...(non defining clause), struggled against overwhelming odds to become X and eventually to receive X.

Furthermore, when you recognize the correct structure of the sentence you know it must be (B) or (E), since both have the correct 'to become', and voilà you have the 2-3 split! (E) is the correct answer. Cheers

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20 Jun 2007, 11:46
good explanations...the OA is E.

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29 Jun 2007, 13:59
OA is E.

Vivien Thomas, who had no formal training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from JHU.

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20 Oct 2012, 21:45
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.
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17 Feb 2013, 05:05
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Marcab wrote:
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.

Though i m not an expert but below is my take on this:

there is no verb for main sub Vivien Thomas.
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17 Feb 2013, 12:14
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If option D was modified as mentioned, then the structure of the sentence would become

Subject, non essential modifier, descriptive clause.

There would be no main verb as sujit2k7 mentioned.

Marcab wrote:
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.

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24 Jun 2014, 11:30
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Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
Subject,modifier,modifier,Subject is awkward.
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
Sentence fragment with two back to back modifiers
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
Subject who he struggled is awkward.
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
Sentence fragment
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become
Correct
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02 Dec 2015, 00:04
Option "D" is a run on sentence - look at this :

Vivien Thomas,who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.

The sentence is not complete. Also " and eventually to receive " is not parallel. It should be "became a cardiac surgeon and received" OR as in option "E" .
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16 May 2016, 09:43
bmwhype2 wrote:
Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become

Meaning of sentence- Vivian thomas had no formal medical training. He struggled against overwhelming odds to become a cardiac surgeon and received eventually a doctorate from JHU.

A) Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Incomplete sentence- 'Vivian Thomas he became'
B) Vivien Thomas, having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Very weird sentence structure.
C) Vivien Thomas, who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Vivian Thomas he struggled against- Incomplete sentence
D) Vivien Thomas, who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Having had is not right. 'became' is not parallel to 'to receive'
E) Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University. Vivian thomas struggled against ...... 'to become' and 'to receive' are parallel.

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08 Aug 2017, 11:54
Parallelism

Vivien Thomas, who…….., struggled against overwhelming odds to become X and eventually to receive Y.
A: “in struggling against overwhelming odds” makes no sense, “who had” and “struggling” are not parallel.
B, C, and D: the sentence structure is illogical. In C and D “who” has been placed illogically and awkwardly between two comas.
E: is the best choice as ‘who’ correctly modifies Vivien Thomas. “to become” and “to receive” are parallel.
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15 Nov 2017, 19:55
Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.

(A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became - Vivien Thomas he became -- Subject subject verb -- Incorrect

(B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become - illogical sentence structure

(C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming - Vivian Thomas he struggled against -- same as A

(D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became - having had is incorrect ; parallelism issue - became and to receive are not parallel

(E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become - Correct

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