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# Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking

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Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2009, 10:03
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Vorland’s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking in restaurants. The objection that the ban would reduce restaurants’ revenues is ill founded. Several towns in Vorland enacted restaurant smoking restrictions five years ago. Since then, the amount the government collects in restaurant meal taxes in those towns has increased 34 percent, on average, but only 26 percent elsewhere in Vorland. The amount collected in restaurant meal taxes closely reflects restaurants’ revenues.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the defense of the government’s plan?

A. When the state first imposed a restaurant meal tax, opponents predicted that restaurants’ revenues would decline as a result, a prediction that proved to be correct in the short term.
B. The tax on meals in restaurants is higher than the tax on many other goods and services.
C. Over the last five years, smoking has steadily declined throughout Vorland.
D. In many of the towns that restrict smoking in restaurants, restaurants can maintain separate dining areas where smoking is permitted.
E. Over the last five years, government revenues from sales taxes have grown no faster in the towns with restaurant smoking restrictions than in the towns that have no such restrictions.
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30 Mar 2009, 11:38
tenaman10 wrote:
A. When the state first imposed a restaurant meal tax, opponents predicted that restaurants’ revenues would decline as a result, a prediction that proved to be correct in the short term.
-- OOS
B. The tax on meals in restaurants is higher than the tax on many other goods and services.
-- OOS
C. Over the last five years, smoking has steadily declined throughout Vorland.
-- OOS
D. In many of the towns that restrict smoking in restaurants, restaurants can maintain separate dining areas where smoking is permitted.
-- weakens the defense: if separate area is maintained, cumulative tax amount will not be best source of comparison.
E. Over the last five years, government revenues from sales taxes have grown no faster in the towns with restaurant smoking restrictions than in the towns that have no such restrictions.
-- Scope shift: government "revenue" is not discussed in the question. "tax" is the main concern.

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30 Mar 2009, 23:34
Why B is OOS ??
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31 Mar 2009, 05:02
tenaman10 wrote:
Why B is OOS ??

tax is not compared based on other goods.
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31 Mar 2009, 06:02
tenaman10 wrote:
Vorland’s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking in restaurants. The objection that the ban would reduce restaurants’ revenues is ill founded. Several towns in Vorland enacted restaurant smoking restrictions five years ago. Since then, the amount the government collects in restaurant meal taxes in those towns has increased 34 percent, on average, but only 26 percent elsewhere in Vorland. The amount collected in restaurant meal taxes closely reflects restaurants’ revenues.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the defense of the government’s plan?

A. When the state first imposed a restaurant meal tax, opponents predicted that restaurants’ revenues would decline as a result, a prediction that proved to be correct in the short term.
B. The tax on meals in restaurants is higher than the tax on many other goods and services.
C. Over the last five years, smoking has steadily declined throughout Vorland.
D. In many of the towns that restrict smoking in restaurants, restaurants can maintain separate dining areas where smoking is permitted. ( IMO -This provide the alternate option, but does not undermine the goverments' plan)
E. Over the last five years, government revenues from sales taxes have grown no faster in the towns with restaurant smoking restrictions than in the towns that have no such restrictions.
( Although goverment revenues is not mentioned, but I find this option best)
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31 Mar 2009, 10:52
cant vouch for any of the 5 choices.

Even D does not undermine government defense....

OA and OE pls..
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14 Apr 2009, 09:16
I feel D. But dont know not able to completely delete C. OA please
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14 Apr 2009, 16:42
IMO D.
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15 Apr 2009, 19:16
I agree on D.
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28 Oct 2009, 09:18
I choose D as well. The increase in the revenue of the restaurants is not because the ban does not affect the profits of the restaurant but because the ban is not implemented completely.
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Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 02:30
Let's try to simplify the question.

Conclusion: Smoking ban did not decrease revenues of restaurants
Support: in towns where smoking is banned, meal taxes are higher

So basically we need to find an answer that weakens the argument

A. When the state first imposed a restaurant meal tax, opponents predicted that restaurants’ revenues would decline as a result, a prediction that proved to be correct in the short term.
The argument has nothing to do with opponents, clearly out of scope
B. The tax on meals in restaurants is higher than the tax on many other goods and services.
Out of scope; even if the tax on meals are higher, it does not have any affect on the conclusion
C. Over the last five years, smoking has steadily declined throughout Vorland.
Out of scope
D. In many of the towns that restrict smoking in restaurants, restaurants can maintain separate dining areas where smoking is permitted.
Correct. Restaurants can still maintain a separate dining area to serve smokers. So if today these restaurants are not allowed to have such separate areas to serve these smokers then revenue will definitely be affected
E. Over the last five years, government revenues from sales taxes have grown no faster in the towns with restaurant smoking restrictions than in the towns that have no such restrictions
out of scope, we are not concerned about "sales tax"
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Re: Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2017, 20:02
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Re: Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2017, 20:02
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# Vorland s government is planning a nationwide ban on smoking

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