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# Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Mar 2015, 01:57
sandalphon wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take

Clearly, the confusion is between choice D and E.

Though E is correct because of the correct usage of to+ verb= in order to verb.

However, D is wrong not only because ' for taking' is unidiomatic as compared to 'to take' but also because D distorts the meaning.

The for+ verb-ing is a prepositional verbing modifier ( if there is something like that at all )

When we use for taking, the sentence means that-
the National Academy of Sciences urged the nation
1. to revamp computer security procedures,
2.to institute new emergency response teams,
3. to create a special non-government organization

and NAS urged for all the three above FOR TAKING charge of computer security planning. This unintended meaning makes choice D incorrect .

The correct sentence just wants to convey that out of the three things that National Academy of Sciences urged the nation ONLY the last item-CREATION OF SPECIAL NON-GOVT. ORGANISATION- is required to take charge of security planning.

Hope the above helps!!!!
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Originally posted by samichange on 02 Mar 2015, 01:08.
Last edited by samichange on 02 Mar 2015, 01:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Mar 2015, 01:54
Ergenekon wrote:
E is the best answer. To take shows a purpose.

Clearly, the confusion is between choice D and E.

Though E is correct because of the correct usage of to+ verb= in order to verb.

However, D is wrong not only because ' for taking' is unidiomatic as compared to 'to take' but also because D distorts the meaning.

The for+ verb-ing is a prepositional verbing modifier ( if there is something like that at all )

When we use for taking, the sentence means that-
the National Academy of Sciences urged the nation
1. to revamp computer security procedures,
2.to institute new emergency response teams,
3. to create a special non-government organization

and NAS urged for all the three above FOR TAKING charge of computer security planning. This unintended meaning makes choice D incorrect .
The correct sentence just wants to convey that out of the three things that National Academy of Sciences urged the nation ONLY the last item-CREATION OF SPECIAL NON-GOVT. ORGANISATION- is required to take charge of security planning.

Hope the above helps!!!!
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Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.

I hated every minute of training, but I said, 'Don't quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion.-Mohammad Ali

Originally posted by samichange on 02 Mar 2015, 01:10.
Last edited by samichange on 02 Mar 2015, 01:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2015, 01:30
samichange wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
E is the best answer. To take shows a purpose.

Clearly, the confusion is between choice D and E.

Though D is correct because of the correct usage of to+ verb= in order to verb.

However, E is wrong not only because ' for taking' is unidiomatic as compared to 'to take' but also because E distorts the meaning.

The for+ verb-ing is a prepositional verbing modifier ( if there is something like that at all )

When we use for taking, the sentence means that-
the National Academy of Sciences urged the nation
1. to revamp computer security procedures,
2.to institute new emergency response teams,
3. to create a special non-government organization

and NAS urged for all the three above FOR TAKING charge of computer security planning. This unintended meaning makes choice E incorrect besides the correct idiomatic usage of to+ verb.

The correct sentence just wants to convey that out of the three things that National Academy of Sciences urged the nation ONLY the last item-CREATION OF SPECIAL NON-GOVT. ORGANISATION- is required to take charge of security planning.

Hope the above helps!!!!

hi sami,
you have mixed up on the two choices.. you are talking of D but mentioning it as E...
to take is part of E..
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2015, 09:07
In choice D and E. You omit the word "organization", that confused me. Please correct the choices if you can.

Thank you.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2015, 04:35
For all those who are finding it difficult to choose between option D and E , here is the explanation - " Urge " is the trigger word in this sentence and when " Urge " is used then either "to verb " is used or " subjunctive verb " is used. In option E " to verb " is used along with Therefore Ans is E.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2016, 08:31
Question here. OG says that "that takes" is illogical. What does it mean by illogical?
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 14:08
1
gmatretest wrote:
Question here. OG says that "that takes" is illogical. What does it mean by illogical?

In option B the modifier that takes.... refers to nongovernment organization . The meaning conveyed is:

Nongovernment organization takes charge of computer security planning.

The simple present tense is wrong - it implies that the special nongovernment organization already exists, and it generally takes control of computer security planning. However this is not the case - the special nongovernment organization is yet to be created. An action in future cannot be depicted by simple present tense.

The conditional tense would take control should be used to indicate a possibility, not a simple present tense.

In correct option E, the intended meaning is as follows:

National Academy of Sciences urged the nation to perform 3 things:
1. revamp procedures
2. institute response teams
3. create a special organization.

Why NAS has urged the 3rd action -what is the purpose? ... to take charge of the security planning. Whenever an intent or purpose is expressed it is preferred that the infinitive form to+verb be used.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2016, 22:01
this question deals with the list

and list is as follows

National Academy of Science urged the nation

to revamp computer security procedures

institute new emergency response teams

and create a special non government organization
to take charge of computer security planning

with this understanding we can eliminate A, B and C

since the list is not parallel and "and" to denote the last item in the list

is missing

to verb is used for suggesting something [in order to]

ex in order to reach one's target one should work hard (statement of intent)

for verb - ing is used for explaining the reason for something

ex Kamal got an award for writing the novel (the reason for getting something)

sentence D wrongly suggests that the reason for taking charge of security planning

Sentence E is correct since it states an intent
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 01:46
The word "organization" is not present in the last two options. Is this a mistake or really the case?
If not, can we afford not to have word "organization" in the options and still consider the options correct? Please throw some light?

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 04:45
1
kooks123 wrote:
The word "organization" is not present in the last two options. Is this a mistake or really the case?
If not, can we afford not to have word "organization" in the options and still consider the options correct? Please throw some light?

This is a typographical error. In the official guide, the term "organization" is there in options D and E as well.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2017, 01:45
B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes - breaches parallelism - to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams - as a verb is expected in present tense not present continous. And to take instead of take.

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking - breaches parallelism - to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams - as a verb is expected in present tense not present continous.

D and create a special nongovernment for taking - create is in right form but for taking breaches parallelism.

E and create a special nongovernment to take - perfect parallelism!!
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2017, 17:34
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take

to
revamp,
institute,
and create,

1.They all talk about the same think to take action to the govrnment.
2.They are in list but the last ement of the lit may contain an 'and'
3.The list should be of the same type of elements ie nouns or verbs or clauses.
4.Should have the same structure.
5.if not then make the corrects and we made the correction by changing creating with and create
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 12:33
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2017, 08:24
Hello Moderators,

I think there is a typo error in option D and E in this question. The word 'Organisation' seems to be left out in both the options. Since one of the option is correct and this is a OG question, can you please look into this and fix - in case there is an issue?
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2018, 02:35
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2018, 08:58
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
A creating a special nongovernment organization to take - parallelism issue ; need and before third element-Since there are three elements in the list, the last element must be preceded by conjunction “and” to make the list correct

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes - same as A

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking - same as A

D and create a special nongovernment for taking -- for taking is unidiomatic

E and create a special nongovernment to take- Correct

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2018, 22:08
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

The National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to do 3 things:

revamp
institute
, and create

Base on this parallel structure (A), (B) & (C) are out immediately because "creating" disrupts the flow of the sentence.
(D) "for taking" charge is unidiomatic.

Also, "creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning"
V+ing, creating is a modifier modifying The National Academy of Sciences.
The sentence would imply:

NAS, creating a special organization, has urged the nation to revamp... and institute new emergency response team.
This is not the intended meaning of the original sentence.

(E) to take charge is correct.

A creating a special nongovernment organization to take

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2018, 08:23
Use “To Verb” when per the context of the sentence, purpose or intent of an action is explicit.

Use “For Verb-ing” when the context of the sentence requires to present the “what for” aspect

IMO E
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2018, 03:23
sandalphon wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

A creating a special non-government organization to take

B creating a special non-government organization that takes

C creating a special non-government organization for taking

D and create a special non-government for taking

E and create a special non-government to take

A, B, and C are out for non parallel list.

D uses "for taking", which is wrong when we need to show purpose.

E is correct.

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,  [#permalink]

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16 May 2018, 11:17
Is the word orgnization missing in answer choices D and E?
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, &nbs [#permalink] 16 May 2018, 11:17

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