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Was wondering if you can provide an explanation on why my [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2011, 11:25
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Was wondering if you can provide an explanation on why my reasoning is false?

Q57: If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN ASSUMPTION MADE IN DRAWING THE CONCLUSION ABOVE?

A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
B) The collection fee will not significantly affect the purchasing power of most residents, even if their households do not reduce the amount of trash they put out.
C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.
D) The beauty of the county parkland is an important issue for most of the county's residents.
E) Landfills outside the county's borders could be used as dumping sites for the county's trash.

I choose A. Here's why.
Conl: Charge will protect the remaining county parkland.
premise 1: Current level cont, landfills will overflow. Parkland will be needed for space.
premise 2: Charging ea. HH a fee for each lb of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create.

Premise 1 + Premise 2 = Concl. Therefore, this sounds like "feasibility of premise" type assumption problem. Doesn't (A) explain premise 2? The official ANS is C, however, I initially crossed it off since I thought it sounded Out of Scope (illegal dumping?). Is Choice C just a better answer than A?

Thanks for your help.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2011, 11:35
if residential trash is dumped in the parkland then additional fee will be collected from the residents to clean the parklan. so resident will not dump their trash in the park.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2011, 13:18
C it is. A does not talk about the fee.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2011, 18:10
+1 for C
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2011, 01:12
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Conclusion: "this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland"

This is an assumption question, which means the answer choice has to be true in order for the conclusion to be true.

A is saying the residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy. The residents don't have to restrict the amount of things they buy to result in less trash. They can reduce trash by other methods such as recycling.

However, C has to be true in order to believe in the conclusion. If the fees induce the resident to dump their trash into the park, then the whole argument falls apart.

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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2011, 02:20
Samwong! Nice. Thanks for the clarification.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2011, 23:16
good one samwong.
u deserve a kudos
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2011, 14:47
+1 C
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 10:47
thp510 wrote:

Q57: If the county continues to collect residential trash at current levels, landfills will soon be overflowing and parkland will need to be used in order to create more space. Charging each household a fee for each pound of trash it puts out for collection will induce residents to reduce the amount of trash they create; this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN ASSUMPTION MADE IN DRAWING THE CONCLUSION ABOVE?

A) Residents will reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
C) The collection fee will not induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.

yeah i can see how (A) can be a contender, but lets negate each and see which will hurt the conclusion more --

A) Residents WILL NOT reduce the amount of trash they put out for collection by reducing the number of products they buy.
C) The collection fee WILL induce residents to dump their trash in the parklands illegally.

you can see both hurt the conclusion, but (C) negated hurts the conclusion even more, b/c we're all about protecting the county parkland!

hope this helps.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2011, 08:21
the conclusion is " this charge will therefore protect the remaining county parkland"

Only C acts as a best premise for the conclusion to hold true. Negating this, the conclusion will fall.
but "illegal dumping" kinda a through me off at first glance, but this choice is better than A.
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2011, 10:56
this is not difficult , C
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Re: Help on OG#48 [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2011, 17:50
straight C by using negation.
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Re: Help on OG#48   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2011, 17:50
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