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We have heard a good deal in recent years about the

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We have heard a good deal in recent years about the  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 00:35
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A
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C
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

68% (02:17) correct 32% (02:30) wrong based on 244 sessions

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We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.
1. Which of the following is an assumption made in the argument above?
(A) The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
(B) A significant increase in the number of third-party candidates would be evidence of a decline in the importance of the two major parties.
(C) The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.
(D) The mass media tend to favor an independent or third-party candidate over a candidate from one of the two major parties.
(E) The mass media are relatively unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections.
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Re: can someone please explain this question  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 09:23
The fact is that it is observed that two political parties have lost their importance to a great deal.
And then the author argues that these two political parties have spent a great deal of money in the campaigns... so it could be that these two parties have lost their importance is still at premature stage.

he is assuming here that success/ influence of the party is determined by the amount of money spent. so answer A.
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Re: We have heard a good deal in recent years about the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2012, 08:03
+1 A. Logical flaw in the argument
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Re: We have heard a good deal in recent years about the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 17:25
Can someone explain why C is incorrect?
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Re: We have heard a good deal in recent years about the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 17:38
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Hi S18,

The question is: Which of the following is an assumption made in the argument above?

Answer C is: (C) The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.

The argument in the passage is that because no independent or third party candidate has won, and because the two main parties spent more than ever, it is incorrect to consider the two main parties in decline. Whether or not the two-party system has contributed to stability has no bearing on the argument put forward by the statement. The writer may well believe the complete opposite and it wouldn't affect the argument. Therefore C is not an assumption made in the argument.

A is an assumption made in the argument as the writer uses money raised and spent as evidence of influence. If money raised and spent wasn't an indicator of influence then the argument would be flawed.

(A) The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
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Re: We have heard a good deal in recent years about the &nbs [#permalink] 16 Jun 2016, 17:38
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