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# We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast

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28 Mar 2011, 22:51
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We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches.
A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
B. that can pinpoint an individual’s location in a few inches
C. which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
D. which can pinpoint an individual’s location of a few inches
E. which should pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Fairly simple. All choices starting with 'which' are unstylistic, because, they lack the necessary comma before the relative pronoun ‘which’. Dump C, D, and E. Between, A and B, in B, the expression ‘pinpoint in a few inches’ is unidiomatic. ‘Pinpoint to a few inches’ is the right one. Ans: A
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29 Mar 2011, 09:01
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asmit123 wrote:
We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches.
A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
B. that can pinpoint an individual’s location in a few inches
C. which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
D. which can pinpoint an individual’s location of a few inches
E. which should pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

We know; "that without comma" or "comma+which" create relative sentences that refer to noun or noun-phrase immediately preceding it.

thus, C.D.E. are all out for there is no 'comma' before which. We are left with A & B, wherein 'that' clause modifies "global positioning systems'. . next, "pinpoint ...to" is idiomatic.

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29 Mar 2011, 12:27
+1 A

B changes the meaning of the sentence. It seems that the individual is located in an area of few inches.
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29 Mar 2011, 17:09
i think it is fairly simple. c, d, and E can easily be removed because of which.

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08 Sep 2011, 13:34
Quote:
We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches.
A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
B. that can pinpoint an individual’s location in a few inches
C. which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
D. which can pinpoint an individual’s location of a few inches
E. which should pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

Rule: A comma must always come before the word 'which'. Since ',' is not present, the answer should begin with 'that' --> only A and B suffice.
A global positioning system would be quite a useless piece of equipment if it can only pinpoint an individual's location in a few inches (i.e. the individual is only few inches away). When we want to pinpoint an individual's location, it must be a location that is beyond the distance of what our eyes can see. Hence, B cannot be right.
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09 Sep 2011, 16:29
i picked A...There is no comma so we can not use which and the correct idiom is pinpoint to.

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17 Dec 2011, 23:29
A pinpoint X to ... is correct idiom.

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18 Dec 2011, 06:26
+1 A
comma is not there thus an essential mod...
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18 Dec 2011, 08:53
metallicafan wrote:
+1 A

B changes the meaning of the sentence. It seems that the individual is located in an area of few inches.

Agree with the explanation in choice B :D.
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03 Apr 2015, 00:56
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11 Jun 2015, 11:25
Comma + which but no comma so we have to go with that...
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21 Jul 2015, 19:19
Hello Team,

Please explain why we have considered that over which [I have marked c option].

Thanks
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22 Jul 2015, 01:26
anand.prakash90@gmail.com wrote:
Please explain why we have considered that over which [I have marked c option].

Here the reason is pretty simple: Because there is no comma before which.

Having said that, I have not seen any current OG/GMATPrep question that tests you on solely this difference between which and that. This seems to be GMAT Paper based question and so, is perhaps not reflective of the current trend.

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11 Sep 2015, 04:58
daagh
Obviously in this question "pinpoint to" is idiomatic. I have never seen pinpoint in idioms lists of third party sources (perhaps I missed it).

My question is;

Does "pinpoint" always take "to" preposition or it is just suitable to use for this question?

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11 Sep 2015, 19:00
can not understand the difference between pinpoint to and pinpoint in,
pls help
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22 Apr 2016, 04:45
Guys, imagine that option C had a comma before "which"

A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

C. ,which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

Would we have 2 correct answers? Or in this case, A would have to be eliminated because the main point of any GPS is to pinpoint your location! In this case the use of "that" would point to a specific type of GPS that pinpoints your location, but all GPS do that. Or would we be relying on external knowledge to be able to answer such question?..

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22 Apr 2016, 10:26
iliavko wrote:
Guys, imagine that option C had a comma before "which"

A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

C. ,which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

Would we have 2 correct answers? Or in this case, A would have to be eliminated because the main point of any GPS is to pinpoint your location! In this case the use of "that" would point to a specific type of GPS that pinpoints your location, but all GPS do that. Or would we be relying on external knowledge to be able to answer such question?..

GMAC would not expect a test-taker to base his / her answer on external knowledge. Moreover it is not expected that an answer choice would be required to be eliminated only because of punctuation error.

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22 Apr 2016, 10:34
Ok, very useful info

thank you!

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10 Aug 2017, 23:12
We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast satellite television, digital wireless cable television networks, global telephone service, and global positioning systems that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches.
A. that can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
B. that can pinpoint an individual’s location in a few inches
C. which can pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches
D. which can pinpoint an individual’s location of a few inches
E. which should pinpoint an individual’s location to a few inches

THAT Vs WHICH
THAT without comma should be used as essential modifier.
WHICH with commas should be used as non-essential modifier.

Here we can clearly see that modifier is essential to complete he sentence, also comma is not provided before which. So we have to use THAT
Eliminate option C,D,E

We are now left with 2 options A & B
to a few inches means the range of the devise is upto few inches.

Searching for better explanation for to a few inches vs in a few inches vs of a few inches.... Hope someone will post it.

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Re: We now have wireless computer networks, direct-broadcast   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2017, 23:12
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