Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 May 2017, 13:21

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# What is dash meant for..?

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 19 Sep 2010
Posts: 177
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 91 [0], given: 18

What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2010, 03:19
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Guys ,
What does a dash(-) signify in a sentence . I was intimidated to see a one in the
actual GMAT test.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Status: swimming against the current
Joined: 24 Jul 2009
Posts: 247
Location: Chennai, India
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 30

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2010, 07:10
- is a seperator of the non-essential part
_________________

Gonna make it this time

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3832
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 819

Kudos [?]: 6314 [0], given: 324

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2010, 10:05
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
If it is a dash (the longer version of -) then, the context may decide the usage. But on the contrary, if it is the shorter version (-), then it may be a hyphen, which signifies an apposition, kind of additional information to the noun or the clause it touches. The info that follows will be an inessential one, which may be conveniently ignored.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 184
Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Followers: 98

Kudos [?]: 227 [3] , given: 7

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2010, 16:08
3
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Raths,

Although the dash is pretty rare on the GMAT, it certainly does show up and is therefore worth discussing. Most often, the dash can take the place of a comma under a few specific scenarios:

1. The dash can serve to see off a list:

"I went to the mall with my friends -- Jim, Joe, and Jerry -- and bought a new pair of pants." Here, my friends names are "Jim, Joe, and Jerry." Often, people use commas here. The issue with commas is that it would be slightly ambiguous:

"I went to the mall with my friends, Jim, Joe, and Jerry, and bought a new pair of pants." Here, it's not clear whether Jim, Joe, and Jerry ARE the friends or if they went to the mall WITH me and my friends.

2. The dash can serve to set off a parenthetical:

"My high school football team -- who hasn't won a game in 40 years -- just beat the best school in the state." Here, the dash serves the same purposes as parentheses. You really don't use parentheses on formal occasions such as GMAT test day.

Hope that helps!

Brett
_________________

Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2010
Posts: 151
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2010, 19:39
BKimball wrote:
Raths,

Although the dash is pretty rare on the GMAT, it certainly does show up and is therefore worth discussing. Most often, the dash can take the place of a comma under a few specific scenarios:

1. The dash can serve to see off a list:

"I went to the mall with my friends -- Jim, Joe, and Jerry -- and bought a new pair of pants." Here, my friends names are "Jim, Joe, and Jerry." Often, people use commas here. The issue with commas is that it would be slightly ambiguous:

"I went to the mall with my friends, Jim, Joe, and Jerry, and bought a new pair of pants." Here, it's not clear whether Jim, Joe, and Jerry ARE the friends or if they went to the mall WITH me and my friends.

2. The dash can serve to set off a parenthetical:

"My high school football team -- who hasn't won a game in 40 years -- just beat the best school in the state." Here, the dash serves the same purposes as parentheses. You really don't use parentheses on formal occasions such as GMAT test day.

Hope that helps!

Brett

Brett, my question concerns the example that you've used - "My high school football team -- who hasn't won a game in 40 years -- just beat the best school in the state." Can you use 'who' to refer to the football team? Shouldn't 'which / that' be used?
Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2010
Posts: 151
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 0

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2010, 19:41
oh...i nearly forgot. Can you use 'whose' to refer to non person things?
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 184
Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Followers: 98

Kudos [?]: 227 [0], given: 7

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Nov 2010, 10:51
Great catch! That's what I get for copying and pasting!

Yes, you would want to use "which" here. There is some debate about where you can use "whose" to refer to an inanimate object, but certainly we should have used "which" here.

You can only use "that" if there is no comma before it, because "that" indicates a restrictive clause. For example:

I don't like the dog that lives next door. --> Correct. Which dog don't you like? The one that lives next door.

I don't like the dog, that lives next door. --> Incorrect.

Thanks for pointing that out!

Brett
_________________

Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10366
Followers: 999

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 0

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2015, 07:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10366
Followers: 999

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 0

Re: What is dash meant for..? [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Oct 2016, 08:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: What is dash meant for..?   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2016, 08:09
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Understanding dashes (-) 1 17 Sep 2016, 10:38
72 What are modifiers !! 5 14 Nov 2015, 06:46
2 Meaning of hope to ,hope for 8 03 Jun 2014, 02:21
3 CORRECT USAGE OF DASHES Source: Thursdays with Ron Dashes 4 13 Apr 2015, 13:32
1 In such works as his 1889 masterpiece, A Dash for the 5 17 Oct 2016, 04:15
Display posts from previous: Sort by