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What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!

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What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2014, 09:10
3
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A
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E

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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:54) correct 48% (01:31) wrong based on 288 sessions

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What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!?

(A) 7
(B) 11
(C) 13
(D) 17
(E) 19

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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2014, 09:14
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Soln:

12!11!+11!10!= 12*11*10!*11*10!+11*10!*10!=10!*10!*11(11*12+1)=10!*10!*11*133=10!*10!*11*19*7

greatest prime factor in 10! is 7 which is less than 19.
So Ans is E
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2014, 09:16
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uday1409 wrote:
What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!?

(A) 7
(B) 11
(C) 13
(D) 17
(E) 19


12! = 12.11.10!
12!11!+11!10! = 12.11.10!.11! +11!.10!
taking 11!.10! common we have
11!.10!(12.11+1)
11!.10!(133)
11!.10!(19.7)
as can be see the greatest prime factor is 19
hence answer is E
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 16:08
=12!11! + 11!10!
=11!(12!+10!)
=11! [ 10! (12*11 + 1)]
=11! [ 10! (132 + 1)]
=11! [ 10! (133)]

133 = 7 * 19
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 16:31
why did we add i in the (12.11 +1) bracket?
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 20:57
\(12!11! + 11!10!\)

\(= 12 * 11 * 10! * 11! + 11! * 10!\)

\(= 11! * 10! (12 * 11 + 1)\)

\(= 11! * 10! * 133\)

Looking at the OA & 133 in the equation above, its sure that answer has to be either 17 or 19

Unfortunately, I don't know by hard the table of 17 & 19

Trick:

Either 17*9 = 133 OR 19*7 = 133

133 >>> Not divisible by 9, but 13 - 6 = 7 >> Divisible by 7

Answer = 19 = E
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 21:58
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taleesh wrote:
why did we add i in the (12.11 +1) bracket?


We did not add 1. We took 10! common and 1 was left. It's the same case as this:

\(6x^2 + 2x = 2x(3x + 1)\)
If you take 2x common, the second term is taken out and only 1 is left.

Similarly, when you have 12! + 10! (which is 12*11*10*9...*1 + 10*9*8...*1), you take 10! common and are left with

10*9*8...1*(12*11 + 1)
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2016, 11:07
12!11!+11!10!
=10!11!(12(11)+1)
=10!11!(133)
=10!11!(19)(7)

E.
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 12:45
12!11!+11!10! = 11!(12!+10!)
Since 11! has only 11 as the largest prime number, we exclude it from further processing.
12!+10! = 10! (11*12+1) = 10! (133)
133 = 7 * 19
19 - is prime number that is to be the highest one, answer E is correct.
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 13:07
uday1409 wrote:
What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!?

(A) 7
(B) 11
(C) 13
(D) 17
(E) 19


let 10! = x ( greatest prime is 7)

12! = 12*11*x = 132x
11! = 11x

(132x)*(11x)+(11x)*x = (11x)*(133x)

133 = 19*7 thus (11x)*(133x) = (19*11*7)x^2 and since the greatest prime in x = 7 still the greatest prime in x^2 is 7 and thus greatest prime is 19......E
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2016, 18:53
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2019, 15:14
Hello!

I am a bit confused here, I know that there is a rule that says the following:

Any factorial +1 is coprime of all numbers less than the factorial integer, including itself, and thus do not have any factors except 1.

So, that's why 7 couldn't be a factor?

And, that means that they must have factors greater than the factorial itself?

I am confused, please help!

Kind regards!
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2019, 15:38
11!(12!+10!)
11!(12*11*10!+10!)
11!*10!(12*11+1)
11!*10!(133)
11!*10!(7*19)

The greatest prime is 19→(E)

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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10!   [#permalink] 29 Jan 2019, 15:38
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