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What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?

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What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2016, 06:43
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2016, 18:28
Bunuel wrote:
What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11



Hello,
\(\frac{(11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)}{111}\)...
In numerator take out 10!*9! as common term

\(\frac{10!*9!(11 × 10  + 1 )}{111}\)
\(\frac{10!*9!*111}{111}\)
\(10!*9!\)
10! has 7 as the greatest prime factor, so ans is 7
D
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 05:55
Hi, could anyone please explain to me how 10!*9! has 7 as its highest prime factor? I was able to get to 10!*9! but didn't know how to proceed further.

Thank You!
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 06:01
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csaluja wrote:
Hi, could anyone please explain to me how 10!*9! has 7 as its highest prime factor? I was able to get to 10!*9! but didn't know how to proceed further.

Thank You!


hi..
ill help you..
10! means product of first 10 numbers or 1*2*3*4*5*6*7*8*9*10 so this has 7 as the greatest prime factor
similarly 10!*9! = 1*2*3...10*1*2*3...*9... again &7 is the biggest prime factor
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 11:18
chetan2u wrote:
csaluja wrote:
Hi, could anyone please explain to me how 10!*9! has 7 as its highest prime factor? I was able to get to 10!*9! but didn't know how to proceed further.

Thank You!


hi..
ill help you..
10! means product of first 10 numbers or 1*2*3*4*5*6*7*8*9*10 so this has 7 as the greatest prime factor
similarly 10!*9! = 1*2*3...10*1*2*3...*9... again &7 is the biggest prime factor



This was very helpful! Thank You & Kudos given!!
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What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 07:00
Can someone link similar exercises? thanks
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What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Apr 2018, 15:18
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Top Contributor
Bunuel wrote:
What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11


We are trying to find the greatest prime factor of the given value.
Since we can only find the greatest prime factor of an INTEGER, we can conclude that the numerator must be divisible by 111, so that it cancels out with the denominator.
How does this happen?

First notice that we can factor 10! out of the given numerator
That is, 11! × 10!  + 10! × 9! = 10!(11! + 9!)

Next we should recognize that there's also a 9! "hiding" within 11!
11! = (11)(10)(9)(8)(7)(6)(5)(4)(3)(2)(1)
= (11)(10)(9!)
This means (11! + 9!) = 9![(11)(10) + 1]

So, 11! × 10!  + 10! × 9! = 10!(11! + 9!)
= (10!)(9!)[(11)(10) + 1]
= (10!)(9!)[110 + 1]
= (10!)(9!)[111]

So, (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111 = (10!)(9!)[111]/111
= (10!)(9!)
= [(10)(9)(8)(7)(6)(5)(4)(3)(2)(1)][(9)(8)(7)(6)(5)(4)(3)(2)(1)]
= [(2)(5)(3)(3)(2)(2)(2)(7)(3)(2)(5)(2)(2)(3)(2)(1)][(3)(3)(2)(2)(2)(7)(3)(2)(5)(2)(2)(3)(2)(1)]

The greatest prime factor is 7
Answer: D

Cheers,
Brent
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Last edited by GMATPrepNow on 02 Apr 2018, 15:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 16:03
Bunuel wrote:
What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11


We can simplify the given expression:

(11! x 10! + 10! x 9!)/111

(11 x 10 x 9! x 10! + 10! x 9!)/111

Let’s pull out the common factor of 9! x 10! from the two terms in the expression:

9! x 10! x (11 x 10 + 1)/111

9! x 10! x 111/111

9! x 10!

We see that the largest prime factor of 9! x 10! is 7 (since 11 won’t divide into either 9! or 10!).

Answer: D
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What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 21:49
1
Giampa wrote:
Can someone link similar exercises? thanks


Similar questions:
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Hope it helps.
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Re: What is the greatest prime factor of (11! × 10!  + 10! × 9!)/111?  [#permalink]

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