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What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus

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What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 20:47
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What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?

A. 896
B. 963
C. 1008
D, 1792
E. 2016
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Jul 2013, 11:01, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.

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Re: PS [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 21:35
LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?
    896
    963
    1008
    1792
    2016


Please explain some FAST SHORT method


= [(140 + 84)/2] [(140/7) - (84/7 + (1)]
= 1008

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Re: PS [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 21:55
Himalayan wrote:
LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?
    896
    963
    1008
    1792
    2016


Please explain some FAST SHORT method


= [(140 + 84)/2] [(140/7) - (84/7 + (1)]
= 1008



Wonderful!!! Thanks a lot!! Could you please explain too?

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Re: PS [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 22:00
LM wrote:
Himalayan wrote:
LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?
    896
    963
    1008
    1792
    2016


Please explain some FAST SHORT method


= [(140 + 84)/2] [(140/7) - (84/7 + (1)]
= 1008



Wonderful!!! Thanks a lot!! Could you please explain too?


Okayyy I got it!! you are using AP series formula!!

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simpler method [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2007, 23:57
all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer

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Re: simpler method [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2007, 19:17
ethan_casta wrote:
all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer


What is 4.5? Why are you dividing by 4.5 and where did you get that? How do you reach the answer with your method in short time.

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2013, 10:57
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You could also add up the last digit of the multiples:

4 + 1 + 8 + 5 + 2 + 9 + 6 + 3 + 0 = ..8 --> last digit of solution must be 8 --> 1008 --> Answer C

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2013, 10:59
By the way,

Difficulty: 500-600
Tag: Consecutive Integers
Source: Manhattan GMAT
OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Answer C

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2013, 13:19
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The formula we want to use in this type of problem is this:
Average*Total Numbers=Sum

First, find the average by taking the sum of the F + L number and divide it by 2:
A = (F + L)/2

Second, find the total numbers in our range by dividing our F and L numbers by 7 and add 1.
(140/7) - (84/7) + 1

Multiply these together so what we show Average*Total Numbers=Sum
(84 + 140)/2 * (140/7) - (84/7) + 1 = Sum
112 * 9 = 1008
C

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?

A. 896
B. 963
C. 1008
D, 1792
E. 2016


Alternatively, note that 84 = 7*12 and 140 = 7*20

7*12 + 7*13 + ... 7*20 = 7*(12 + 13 + 14 .. + 20)
12 to 20 are 9 consecutive numbers so their sum will be (middle number) * 9 = 16*9 = 144

Total sum = 7*144 = 1008
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Re: simpler method [#permalink]

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LM wrote:
ethan_casta wrote:
all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer


What is 4.5? Why are you dividing by 4.5 and where did you get that? How do you reach the answer with your method in short time.



It's multiply by 4.5. (84 + 140) * 9/2 == 224*4.5 == 1008 The 9 in the formula is the number of consecutive items in the list.
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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?

A. 896
B. 963
C. 1008
D, 1792
E. 2016


solution;
(140-84)/7 = 8
so total number = 8+1 = 9
summation= 9/2 {2*84+(9-1)*7} = 1008 = C
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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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Asifpirlo wrote:
LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?

A. 896
B. 963
C. 1008
D, 1792
E. 2016


solution;
(140-84)/7 = 8
so total number = 8+1 = 9
summation= 9/2 {2*84+(9-1)*7} = 1008 = C



All perfect till no of terms. I suggest following for sum.
sum = number of terms * (avg of first and last term) = 9 * (84+140)/2 = 1008.

May help save a second or two. :)

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2014, 11:48
All numbers are consecutive and with a spacing of 7 .

So average would be (140 + 84 )/2 = 112 .

Sum of 9 numbers = 9 * average = 9 * 112 = 1008

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2015, 12:20
If it doesn't occur to us to use the (first+last)/2 we can always go up 7, starting with 84 until 140. Adding them up wouldn't take longer. That if panic hits and we cannot think of the easiest way, which I guess would be "(first+last)/2".

(first+last)/2 --> gives the mean.
we know that 9 is the N.

So, we then use:
M= S/N --> 112 = S / 9 --> S = 9*112 --> S = 1008.

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2016, 19:10
I do not get the 4.5 part??

all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer

Can someone please explain this?
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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2016, 22:23
leonidbasin1 wrote:
I do not get the 4.5 part??

all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer

Can someone please explain this?



This is incorrect.
The concept used is
Sum = Average * Number of elements

Average = (84+140)/2
Number of elements = 9

Sum = [(84+140)/2] * 9 = (84 + 140) * 4.5 = 1008
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What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2016, 00:39
LM wrote:
What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclusive?

A. 896
B. 963
C. 1008
D, 1792
E. 2016



Lets use the simplest statistical concept:- Mean

\(Mean = \frac{Sum}{Total Terms}\)

Easy way to find mean is\(\frac{First + Last}{2}\)

\(\frac{84+140}{2} = \frac{224}{2} = 112\)

therefore
\(112= \frac{SUM}{Total Terms}\)

Total Terms are \(\frac{(Last -First)}{Gap}+ 1\)

Total Terms = \(\frac{140-84}{7} +1 = \frac{56}{7} + 1 = 8+1 = 9\)

112= \(\frac{SUM}{9}\)

SUM = 112*9 = 1008

ANSWER IS C
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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2016, 02:26
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
leonidbasin1 wrote:
I do not get the 4.5 part??

all you have to do on a quick test like gmat is this:

84, 91, 98, 105, 112, 119, 126, 133, 140.

i wouldn't even list 'em out on the test.

(84 + 140) / 4.5 = answer

Can someone please explain this?



This is incorrect.
The concept used is
Sum = Average * Number of elements

Average = (84+140)/2
Number of elements = 9

Sum = [(84+140)/2] * 9 = (84 + 140) * 4.5 = 1008


Also, check http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2012/03 ... gressions/
It discusses the various Arithmetic Progression concepts.
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Re: What is the sum of the multiples of 7 from 84 to 140, inclus   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2016, 02:26

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