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Any two-digit integer can be represented as 10a+b (wher a and b are singel digit integers), for example 37=3*10+7, 88=8*10+8, etc.So, let's say N=10a+b.

(1) The difference between N and the number formed by reversing its digits is 9 --> (10a+b)-(10b+a)=9 --> a-b=1 --> N can be: 21, 32, ... Not sufficient.

(2) The number N is divisible by 9 --> in order a number to b divisible by 9, the sum of its digit must b divisible by 9. Thus we are given that a+b=9 (in this case N can be 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, or 90) or a+b=18 (in this case N can only be 99). Notice that a+b cannot be a multiple of 9 more than 18, since a and b are single digit integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) N cannot be 99 (a+b=18), since 99-99=0 not 9 as (1) states. So, we have that a-b=1 and a+b=9 --> a=5 and b=4, thus N=54. Sufficient.

Any two-digit integer can be represented as 10a+b (wher a and b are singel digit integers), for example 37=3*10+7, 88=8*10+8, etc.So, let's say N=10a+b.

(1) The difference between N and the number formed by reversing its digits is 9 --> (10a+b)-(10b+a)=9 --> a-b=1 --> N can be: 21, 32, ... Not sufficient.

(2) The number N is divisible by 9 --> in order a number to b divisible by 9, the sum of its digit must b divisible by 9. Thus we are given that a+b=9 (in this case N can be 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, or 90) or a+b=18 (in this case N can only be 99). Notice that a+b cannot be a multiple of 9 more than 18, since a and b are single digit integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) N cannot be 99 (a+b=18), since 99-99=0 not 9 as (1) states. So, we have that a-b=1 and a+b=9 --> a=5 and b=4, thus N=54. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Even when we combine both the statements, N can be 54 or 45, right? So isn't the answer E?

Any two-digit integer can be represented as 10a+b (wher a and b are singel digit integers), for example 37=3*10+7, 88=8*10+8, etc.So, let's say N=10a+b.

(1) The difference between N and the number formed by reversing its digits is 9 --> (10a+b)-(10b+a)=9 --> a-b=1 --> N can be: 21, 32, ... Not sufficient.

(2) The number N is divisible by 9 --> in order a number to b divisible by 9, the sum of its digit must b divisible by 9. Thus we are given that a+b=9 (in this case N can be 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, or 90) or a+b=18 (in this case N can only be 99). Notice that a+b cannot be a multiple of 9 more than 18, since a and b are single digit integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) N cannot be 99 (a+b=18), since 99-99=0 not 9 as (1) states. So, we have that a-b=1 and a+b=9 --> a=5 and b=4, thus N=54. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

Even when we combine both the statements, N can be 54 or 45, right? So isn't the answer E?

N cannot be 45, because 45-54=-9 not 9 as stated in (1).
_________________

Any two-digit integer can be represented as 10a+b (wher a and b are singel digit integers), for example 37=3*10+7, 88=8*10+8, etc.So, let's say N=10a+b.

(1) The difference between N and the number formed by reversing its digits is 9 --> (10a+b)-(10b+a)=9 --> a-b=1 --> N can be: 21, 32, ... Not sufficient.

(2) The number N is divisible by 9 --> in order a number to b divisible by 9, the sum of its digit must b divisible by 9. Thus we are given that a+b=9 (in this case N can be 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, or 90) or a+b=18 (in this case N can only be 99). Notice that a+b cannot be a multiple of 9 more than 18, since a and b are single digit integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) N cannot be 99 (a+b=18), since 99-99=0 not 9 as (1) states. So, we have that a-b=1 and a+b=9 --> a=5 and b=4, thus N=54. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

quick question: doesn't the difference between two numbers mean the absolute value? The difference between 54 and 45 is 9, does it the same as the difference between 45 and 54?

Any two-digit integer can be represented as 10a+b (wher a and b are singel digit integers), for example 37=3*10+7, 88=8*10+8, etc.So, let's say N=10a+b.

(1) The difference between N and the number formed by reversing its digits is 9 --> (10a+b)-(10b+a)=9 --> a-b=1 --> N can be: 21, 32, ... Not sufficient.

(2) The number N is divisible by 9 --> in order a number to b divisible by 9, the sum of its digit must b divisible by 9. Thus we are given that a+b=9 (in this case N can be 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, or 90) or a+b=18 (in this case N can only be 99). Notice that a+b cannot be a multiple of 9 more than 18, since a and b are single digit integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) N cannot be 99 (a+b=18), since 99-99=0 not 9 as (1) states. So, we have that a-b=1 and a+b=9 --> a=5 and b=4, thus N=54. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

Hope it's clear.

quick question: doesn't the difference between two numbers mean the absolute value? The difference between 54 and 45 is 9, does it the same as the difference between 45 and 54?

Agreed. In fact, I also chose E, because of this reason. Difference between 45 and 54 should always be 9, irrespective of the fact which comes earlier.

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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_________________

No answer has been provided yet why the difference is 'first value minus second value' and not '|first value minus second value|' or '|second value minus first value|'.

Can anyone explain this?

gmatclubot

Re: What is the two-digit number N?
[#permalink]
20 Nov 2014, 03:28

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