Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.
What is the value of integer x?
(1) |1 - x| - |x + 1| = 0
(2) |7 - x| + |3 + x| = 10
When it comes to absolute value, it indicates a distance between two dots. That is, it is a distance between |x-y|=x and y in this question.
In the original condition, there is 1 variable(x), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 1 equation. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make C the answer.
For 1), from |1-x|=|x-(-1)|, since a distance from x to 1 is as same as a distance from x to -1, x=0 is derived, which is unique and sufficient.
For 2), from |7-x|+|x-(-3)|=10, the sum of a distance between x and 7, and a distance between x and -3 is 10. That is, all values are possible in -3<=x<=7, which is not unique and not sufficient. Therefore, the answer is A.
For cases where we need 1 more equation, such as original conditions with “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 59 % chance that D is the answer, while A or B has 38% chance and C or E has 3% chance. Since D is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition. Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or E.
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