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(1) x^2 - y^2 = 5 (2) x and y are each positive integers

Hi,

From 1, we get (x-y)(x+y)=5 i.e (x-y)=1,5 or (x+y)= 5,1...solving we get 2 values of y (one positive and one negative)

From 2 alone we get nothing

combining 1 & 2 we get X and Y as postive and we get one solution

The red part is not correct. From x^2 - y^2 = 5 we cannot say that x-y=1 and x+y=5 (or vise-versa) because for (1) we don't know whether x and y are integers. So, for example it's possible that x-y=10 and x+y=1/2. Even if we knew that x and y are integers, still from (x+y)(x-y)=5 it follows that x+y=5 and x-y=1 (or vise versa) OR x+y=-5 and x-y=-1 (or vise versa).

What is the value of y?

(1) x^2 - y^2 = 5. Infinitely many solutions exist for x and y. Not sufficient.

(2) x and y are each positive integers. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Since \(x\) and \(y\) are positive integers then \(x+y=integer>0\) and \(x-y=integer\) AND \(x+y>x-y\). Thus from \(x^2 - y^2 =(x+y)(x-y)= 5\) we'd have that \(x+y=5\) and \(x-y=1\), from which it follows that \(y=2\). Sufficient.

(1)\(x^{2}\)-\(y^{2}\)=5 (2) x and y are each positive integers.
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I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed--Michael Jordan Kudos drives a person to better himself every single time. So Pls give it generously Wont give up till i hit a 700+

nope just posted the question! If you think its too easy please tag this question as sub 600
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I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed--Michael Jordan Kudos drives a person to better himself every single time. So Pls give it generously Wont give up till i hit a 700+

nope just posted the question! If you think its too easy please tag this question as sub 600

Ok. Thanks for contributing this problem! As for the difficulty, I have no gauge for the level of questions.

we mere mortals talk in terms of difficulty level For you, its a different ball game! you should ask is this a sub-800 question?? LOL
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I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed--Michael Jordan Kudos drives a person to better himself every single time. So Pls give it generously Wont give up till i hit a 700+

It sounds stupid but can u tell me about this step:

X+y=5 and X-y=1. I always used to think that it will mean x+y=5 or x-y=5.

When we consider the two statements together we have that both \(x\) and \(y\) are positive integers, thus \(x+y=integer>0\) and \(x-y=integer\) AND \(x+y>x-y\).

Next, we also have that \(x^2 - y^2 =(x+y)(x-y)= 5\), so we have that the product of two multiple, x+y and x-y is equal to 5, a prime number. Since \(x+y=integer>0\) and \(x-y=integer\), then x+y must be 5 AND x-y must be 1: 5*1=5.

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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