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What would be required for successful direct protection of h

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GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V23
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Re: What would be required for successful direct protection of h  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 23:48
Can anyone explain why the OA of 4th question is B???

Thanks
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Re: What would be required for successful direct protection of h  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 02:44
Hi workout

please reformat the passage and add the Timers and OA's

Source for this passage is Aristotle

According to the RC99 PDF, OA's are 1.B 2.D 3.A 4.B

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Re: What would be required for successful direct protection of h  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 10:15
1
The passage summary:
1) Question the role of UN in HR field
2) Provide two UN's potential roles in this field
3) Give real life examples that show the results the the two roles brought about


1. According to various points made by the author of the passage, all of the following are ways in which the UN can exert influence over human rights EXCEPT:
A. by persuading member states to change certain laws to avoid human rights violations. "to socialize or educate actors into changing their views and policies on human rights"
B. by enforcing a UN command to cease any behaviour that does not adhere to UN standards. The ability to enforce such a command? <...> No United Nations human rights body has such authority and power. - correct
C. by recognizing certain countries based on their human rights record. "to dispense or withhold a stamp of legitimacy on member states according to their human rights record."
D. by affecting the legal and political policies of member states. a federal court held torture to be prohibited by customary international law, using United Nations instruments and actions as part of its reasoning. ―Once a tort can be considered to be in violation of the law of nations, Sec. 1350 allows immediate access to a federal court.… It is now generally accepted by the United States and the vast majority of other member nations of the United Nations that gross violations of human rights are, as a matter of international law, a legitimate concern of the world community.
E. by providing a stamp of legitimacy to some member countries "to dispense or withhold a stamp of legitimacy on member states according to their human rights record."

2. The passage suggests that the author would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A. The UN has done little to affect the protection and establishment of human rights. the last para proves otherwise
B. Human rights violations should be the primary concern of the UN. the author doesn't say that it's not either
C. International policies can be influenced by UN activities and proclamations. rather members states can be influenced
D. Future human rights court cases may turn to UN policies for assistance. the idea found in para 3
E. The UN needs to be given military powers

3. The author mentions the case of Filartiga v. Peña Irala primarily in order to:
A. describe United Nations human rights activity that led to direct protection by an actor. correct: the case basically illustrates that socialization and manipulation of legitimacy can change specific behaviour and lead to direct protection by some actor
B. demonstrate the dangers of the UN‘s concentration on long-term effects.
C. provide evidence that torture is prohibited by international law. the example of torturous case itself serves as evidence to a greater point
D. cite a case in which the UN withheld legitimacy from a target state. the other way around: the US availed itself of UN's instruments
E. cite a case wherein UN intervention proved futile

4. Regardless of what the rest of the passage might be arguing, the author‘s principal concern in the first paragraph is most likely to:
A. propose changes that would increase UN effectiveness in enforcing human rights. there are no propositions even mentioned in 1st para
B. indicate indirectly the shortfalls of UN human rights activity concerned with short-term change. I find this question a bit misleading because this answer choice combines some knowledge that one can find in para 2, i.e. that the UN's goals are long-term orientated. One can infer from para 1 that the UN is fairly powerless in exerting its power over members states. The question claims "regardless of what the rest of the passage might be arguing". So considering the para 1 in isolation, I couldn't come up with something that would address a short-term change
C. explain the UN‘s function in the field of human rights by giving examples. 1st para says that the UN has no authority to directly affect perpetrators of HR
D. describe the major activity of the UN in the field of human rights the opposite is true because the UN has none of the cited powers
E. to praise the policies of the United Nations
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Re: What would be required for successful direct protection of h  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2018, 17:21
Hi GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo,

Could you please explain why option D is correct for Q2? I am unable to find line(s) from where we can infer that "Future human rights court cases may turn to UN policies for assistance"? I chose option C instead
"
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Re: What would be required for successful direct protection of h &nbs [#permalink] 10 Nov 2018, 17:21

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