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Manager  Joined: 07 Feb 2010
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When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 67% (02:23) correct 33% (02:41) wrong based on 1145 sessions

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When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. At the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. By how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

A. 3/10
B. 2/5
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 6/5
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Re: when a certain tree was first planted  [#permalink]

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anilnandyala wrote:
when a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall & the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. at the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. by how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year
a 3/10
b 2/5
c 1/2
d 2/3
e 6/5

Let the rate of increase be $$x$$ feet per year.

At the end of the 4th year the height was $$4+4x$$ and at the of the 6th year the height was $$4+6x$$, which was "1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year" --> $$4+4x+\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=4+6x$$ --> $$\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=2x$$ --> $$x=\frac{2}{3}$$.

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GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35 Re: Height of a tree  [#permalink]

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19
8
The tree grows by x feets per year
At d end of 4th year the height of tree =4x+4
Between 4 th and sixth year the tree grows by 2x feet=(1/5)(4+4x)

2x=1/5(4+4x)
2x=.8x+.8
1.2x=.8
X=2/3

Posted from my mobile device
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Manager  Joined: 29 Jan 2011
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Re: when a certain tree was first planted  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
anilnandyala wrote:
when a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall & the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. at the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. by how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year
a 3/10
b 2/5
c 1/2
d 2/3
e 6/5

Let the rate of increase be $$x$$ feet per year.

At the end of the 4th year the height was $$4+4x$$ and at the of the 6th year the height was $$4+6x$$, which was "1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year" --> $$4+4x+\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=4+6x$$ --> $$\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=2x$$ --> $$x=\frac{2}{3}$$.

Shouldnt this be 1/5 (4 + 4x) = 4 + 6x ?? why is it (4 + 4x) + 1/5 (4 + 4x) = 4 + 6x ? when the stmt says : " at the of the 6th year the height was 1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year"
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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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4
anilnandyala wrote:
When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. at the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. by how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

A. 3/10
B. 2/5
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 6/5

Year 1 = 4+x
Year 2 = 4+2x
Year 3 = 4+3x
year 4 = 4+4x
Year 5 = 4+5x
year 6 = 4 + 6x

$$4+6x = 4+4x ( \frac{1}{5} + 1)$$

When we solve this we get answer D
Senior Manager  Joined: 10 Jul 2013
Posts: 282
Re: when a certain tree was first planted  [#permalink]

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8
1
siddhans wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
anilnandyala wrote:
when a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall & the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. at the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. by how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year
a 3/10
b 2/5
c 1/2
d 2/3
e 6/5

Let the rate of increase be $$x$$ feet per year.

At the end of the 4th year the height was $$4+4x$$ and at the of the 6th year the height was $$4+6x$$, which was "1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year" --> $$4+4x+\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=4+6x$$ --> $$\frac{1}{5}(4+4x)=2x$$ --> $$x=\frac{2}{3}$$.

Shouldnt this be 1/5 (4 + 4x) = 4 + 6x ?? why is it (4 + 4x) + 1/5 (4 + 4x) = 4 + 6x ? when the stmt says : " at the of the 6th year the height was 1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year"

just like 10% increase = 100+10 here, tall=increase.
so,
1/5 taller means" original height + 1/5 of (original height) "
so, original height at 4 years = 4+4x
and at 6years = 4+6x
According to the question,
4+4x+ 1/5(4+4x) = 4+6x, or , x = 2/3
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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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ok... English is not m native language is for this problem, i struggle is what it meant "1/5 taller than it was at the end of 4th year"

why is not the equation

a6 = a4+1/5 ??!!!!!

how is that different than saying John is 5 years old than tom?!!!! which is John = tom + 5?

HELP?!
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59182
Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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3
bb0214 wrote:
When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. At the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. By how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

ok... English is not m native language is for this problem, i struggle is what it meant "1/5 taller than it was at the end of 4th year"

why is not the equation

a6 = a4+1/5 ??!!!!!

how is that different than saying John is 5 years old than tom?!!!! which is John = tom + 5?

HELP?!

It would be a6 = a4+1/5, if it were "at the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 foot taller then it was at the end of 4 year". In its current form 1/5 MUST refer to a fraction, not to the quantity.

Hope it's clear.
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When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall,  [#permalink]

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1
Attached is a visual that should help. Notice that multiplying by $$\frac{6}{5}$$ is an easier way to get to "$$\frac{1}{5}$$ greater than"
Attachments Screen Shot 2016-04-05 at 8.34.56 PM.png [ 69.98 KiB | Viewed 5327 times ]

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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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1
1
Hi All,
I failed this as well.
I want to share what I search from MANHATTAN forums,
RON wrote:
Interesting question vijaykumar.kondepudi, but no. Integers work differently than either fractions or percents. Note that the particuar values used below are arbitrary.

FRACTIONS:
1/5 greater than x = x + (1/5)x=(6/5)x

PERCENTS
15% less than y=y-%15y=85%y

INTEGERS
7 more than z=z+7

And your example, "tim is 4 older than joe" doesn't mean anything, alas. If you put in a unit, though, it'll signal addition.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... -t646.html
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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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anilnandyala wrote:
When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. At the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. By how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

A. 3/10
B. 2/5
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 6/5

We are given that when a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall, and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. Since we know that the growth is by a constant amount, we have a linear growth problem. Thus, we can define this constant amount as x = the yearly growth amount, in feet:

Starting height = 4
height after year one = 4 + x
height after year two = 4 + 2x
height after year three = 4 + 3x
height after year four = 4 + 4x
height after year five = 4 + 5x
height after year six = 4 + 6x

We are also given that at the end of the 6th year, the tree was 1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year. This means the height of the tree at the end of the 6th year was 6/5 times as tall as its height at the end of the 4th year. Thus, we can create the following equation:

(6/5)(4 + 4x) = 4 + 6x

To eliminate the fraction of 6/5, we can multiply the entire equation by 5.

6(4 + 4x) = 20 + 30x

24 + 24x = 20 + 30x

6x = 4

x = 4/6 = 2/3 feet

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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall,  [#permalink]

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1
I was surprised to see that everyone has taken an algebraic approach. The problem isn't that complicated and can be solved with no algebra at all.

We will simply run two scenarios based on answer choices (B) and (D). If either of them turns out to be the answer, then we're golden. This will happen 40% of the time. Otherwise, we should be able to see whether the answer lies between (B) and (D) or whether it is an outlier.

To make the scenario easier, I will reclassify the original height for answer choice (B) as 20/5 and for answer choice (D) as 12/3, although I will not write the denominator each time for added speed and simplicity.

Scenario (B)

Year 0—20/5
Year 1—22
Year 2—24
Year 3—26
Year 4—28
Year 5—30
Year 6—32

Since 1/5 of 28 (year 4) is 5 and change, we can see that one fifth more will be 33 and change. So (B) is not the answer—it's too small.

Scenario (D)
Year 0—12/3
Year 1—14
Year 2—16
Year 3—18
Year 4—20
Year 5—22
Year 6—24

Since 1/5 of 20 (year 4) is 4, (D) is the answer. Had (D) not been the answer, we would have been able to determine which of the other three [(A), (C), or (E)] was the answer with no difficulty.
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When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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Hi GMATters,

Check out my video explanation of the problem here:

Enjoy!

Rowan
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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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Top Contributor
anilnandyala wrote:
When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. At the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. By how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

A. 3/10
B. 2/5
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 6/5

Height of tree on day 0 = 4
Let d = the height increase each year
Height of tree at the end of the 1st year = 4+d
Height of tree at the end of the 2nd year = 4+d+d = 4 + 2d
Height of tree at the end of the 3rd year = 4+d+d+d = 4 + 3d
Height of tree at the end of the 4th year = 4+d+d+d+d = 4 + 4d
Height of tree at the end of the 5th year = 4+d+d+d+d+d = 4 + 5d
Height of tree at the end of the 6th year = 4+d+d+d+d+d+d = 4 + 6d

At the end of the 6th year, the tree was 1/5 taller than it was at the end of the 4th year
In other words, 6th year height = 4th year height + 1/5(4th year height)
Or we can write 4 + 6d = (4 + 4d) + 1/5(4 + 4d)
Simplify: 4 + 6d = 6/5(4 + 4d)
Multiply both sides by 5 to get: 5(4 + 6d) = 6(4 + 4d)
Expand: 20 + 30d = 24 + 24d
Simplify: 6d = 4
d = 4/6 = 2/3 = D

Cheers,
Brent
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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Hi All,

TESTing the ANSWERS is a great way to tackle this question. The "fast" way to solve a problem can still sometimes take time, but regardless of how you approach a prompt, you still need to take notes and stay organized.

From the screen capture, you chose answer C (1/2). If you jot down some quick notes, here's what you'd have:

Start = 4 ft
Yr. 1 = 4 1/2
Yr. 2 = 5
Yr. 3 = 5 1/2
Yr. 4 = 6
Yr. 5 = 6 1/2
Yr. 6 = 7

It doesn't make much time/effort to take these notes. Now, compare Year 6 to Year 4….Is it 1/5 greater? 7 to 6 is 1/6 greater, so answer C is not what we're looking for. It also gives us a "nudge" in the right direction. We need a 1/5 increase, but we only have a 1/6 increase right now….so we need a bigger increase…..so we need a bigger absolute increase each year. The correct answer has to be D or E.

Looking at all 5 choices as a group, I'm pretty sure the answer is D, but we can certainly prove it…

Start = 4 ft
Yr. 1 = 4 2/3
Yr. 2 = 5 1/3
Yr. 3 = 6
Yr. 4 = 6 2/3
Yr. 5 = 7 1/3
Yr. 6 = 8

This comparison requires a bit more math, but isn't "crazy" by any definition.

6 2/3 = 20/3
8 = 24/3

Ignore the denominators….24 to 20….. 1/5 of 20 = 4…..24 IS 1/5 greater than 20.

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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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Hi Nixondutta,

We're told that the height of the tree increases by a constant amount (for example, 3/10 of a foot per year). Interest rate formulas are based on percentages - NOT fixed values - so neither interest rate formula would be applicable here.

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When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall  [#permalink]

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anilnandyala wrote:
When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the next 6 years. At the end of 6 year the tree was 1/5 taller then it was at the end of 4 year. By how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year

A. 3/10
B. 2/5
C. 1/2
D. 2/3
E. 6/5

I tried this and it worked for me.
Attachments Untitled.png [ 19.48 KiB | Viewed 3433 times ]

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Re: When a certain tree was first planted, it was 4 feet tall,  [#permalink]

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