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When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the

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Joined: 25 Apr 2017
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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 17:36
DAakash7 wrote:
A. no other option is close enough to qualify for a valid conclusion.


The issue I have with this question is that I don't see any mention of "other services" in the prompt, neither is there a mention of "other cities". But in most explanations of why D is not the answer, I see people mention that it is because D mentions "other cities". Why is "other services" okay here but not "other cities"?

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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 21:04
Vineetk wrote:
When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the city's tax revenues, which pay for such city services as police protection and maintenance of water lines, also decrease. The area to be policed and the number and length of the water lines to be maintained, however, do not decrease. Attempting to make up the tax revenue lost by raising tax rates is not feasible, since higher tax rates would cause even more residents to leave.

The information given most strongly supports which of the following general claims?

A. If, in a city with sharply declining population, police protection and water line maintenance do not deteriorate, some other service previously provided by the city will deteriorate or be eliminated.

B. If a city's tax rates are held stable over a period of time, neither the population nor the levels of city services provided will tend to decline over that period.

C. If a city's population declines sharply, police protection and water line maintenance are the services that deteriorate most immediately and most markedly.

D. A city that suffers revenue losses because of a sharp decline in population can make up some of the lost tax revenue by raising tax rates, provided the city's tax rates are low in relation to those of other cities.

E. A city that is losing residents because tax rates are perceived as too high by those residents can reverse this population trend by bringing its tax rates down to a more moderate level.


I have hard time eliminating D and E. I think they are wrong because both D and E are PROBABLE, while A is a must. on inference question, answer choice contain probable information are attractive but wrong.

so, on inference question, ability to realize an probable information and must-be-correct information is key to success. this is what gmat test us.
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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 21:57
Vineetk wrote:
When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the city's tax revenues, which pay for such city services as police protection and maintenance of water lines, also decrease. The area to be policed and the number and length of the water lines to be maintained, however, do not decrease. Attempting to make up the tax revenue lost by raising tax rates is not feasible, since higher tax rates would cause even more residents to leave.

The information given most strongly supports which of the following general claims?

A. If, in a city with sharply declining population, police protection and water line maintenance do not deteriorate, some other service previously provided by the city will deteriorate or be eliminated.

B. If a city's tax rates are held stable over a period of time, neither the population nor the levels of city services provided will tend to decline over that period.

C. If a city's population declines sharply, police protection and water line maintenance are the services that deteriorate most immediately and most markedly.

D. A city that suffers revenue losses because of a sharp decline in population can make up some of the lost tax revenue by raising tax rates, provided the city's tax rates are low in relation to those of other cities.

E. A city that is losing residents because tax rates are perceived as too high by those residents can reverse this population trend by bringing its tax rates down to a more moderate level.


both d and e are a probability not a certainty because
in d, the passage dose not make clear that residents move to lower tax cities
in e, moderate tax level can be higher than those in other cities.
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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2017, 03:06
Hi verbal experts - I still find D to be a strong contender. Could you share how you'd work through this question? Thanks!

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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2017, 05:19
imawolf wrote:
Hi verbal experts - I still find D to be a strong contender. Could you share how you'd work through this question? Thanks!


The key of getting an inference question correct is to track and note every single word.
Its already stated that "Attempting to make up the tax revenue lost by raising tax rates is not feasible" - so, D discusses a "not feasible" alternative. Eliminate D.

Cheers !!
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Re: When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 00:52
godot53 wrote:
imawolf wrote:
Hi verbal experts - I still find D to be a strong contender. Could you share how you'd work through this question? Thanks!


The key of getting an inference question correct is to track and note every single word.
Its already stated that "Attempting to make up the tax revenue lost by raising tax rates is not feasible" - so, D discusses a "not feasible" alternative. Eliminate D.

Cheers !!


Hi,

It is stated that raising the tax rates is not feasible since the higher rates would cause even more residents to leave. But what if the rates in the other cities are higher? Then higher tax rates cannot be a reason for them to leave and they would be better off in the current city itself. What is wrong with this line of thought?

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When a city experiences a sharp decline in population, the [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 02:22
Richak91 wrote:
Hi,

It is stated that raising the tax rates is not feasible since the higher rates would cause even more residents to leave.


Yes !!

Richak91 wrote:
But what if the rates in the other cities are higher?


This is an assumption and cannot be directly inferred from the passage. According to the passage, The "higher tax" [a comparison keyword] is not in comparison with "taxes of other cities" but between "past and present" [ before tax increase and after tax increase].
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