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When congress reconvenes, some newly elected...

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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 12:11
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In this easy question, to keep parallelism between two factors connected by an 'and', we need two identical parts of speech. In the given context, to establish and to encourage is the only combo as in E that sticks to this tenet and hence, is the answer
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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 09:46
bmwhype2 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 689

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


I understood the credited answer (option E). But I have one doubt:
Does the phrase 'will try' apply to both the infinitives, 'to establish' and 'to encourage'

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try[to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage].
=> When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and will try to encourage

Did I understand correctly?
How can we know whether 'will try' applies to both the infinitives or only the first infinitive?

In general, if I have a structure A x B + C, how can we know whether the meaning is A x (B + C) or whether it is A x B + C? In math, we have parenthesis to differentiate, but is there any verbal equivalent for parenthesis?
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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 09:49
When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas

Removing the fluff we notice the phrase 'members will try and establish....' is wrong. Are they trying and establishing or trying to establish. Since the form 'to establish' is correct, eliminate A,B and C

In answer D, the phrase 'grain capable of being grown' is wordy and there is an issue with parallelism. 'To establish' and 'encouraging'.

Answer E clears all these issues.
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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 10:34
from the meaning of the sentence, not sure why the newly elected members would : establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow. This appears to be anti-large scale-farmers :)

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 09:02
When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage

E
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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 22:58
here in this question the two verbs to establish and to encourage must be parallel. So options D and E are the only remaining . Now option D uses "ing" form for encourage and so is not parallel. Hence E is the answer. Please correct me if am wrong. Thank you

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Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected...   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2017, 22:58

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