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# When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is

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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 11:54
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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 13:55
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betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2012, 20:25
Wow too simple to be categorised for 700+

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2012, 03:53
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Looking for a weakner for the following conclusion:
Conclusion: the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

A: Irrelevant
B: Right Contender for CORRECT Choice
C: Irrelevant
D: If management sponsors safety, then it should support and not weaken
E: Again, irrelevant and supports the conclusion

Cheers
GODSPEED

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2012, 03:55
Conclusion can be weakend if we prove that more accidents occur when products are in high demand than in low demand period.

B. Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly. - With new inexperienced workers on the shop floor, accidents are sure to occur - Weekens the arguement - Correct

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2012, 21:59
I incorrectly chose D, here's why:

I figured that if the demand was low, and if the company purchased new machinery, no maintenance would be required when demand is low. THIS IS CLEARLY incorrect, but that was my thought process in case anyone else fell for the same trap that I did.

So just to make sure I have this one dialed in, A is correct because more employees with less training=more chances of accidents?

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2014, 10:42
MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark

Best strategy is to find the assumption and then to find the reasoning which weakens that.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2014, 04:47
Conclusion can be weakend if we prove that more accidents occur when products are in high demand than in low demand period.

B. Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly. - With new inexperienced workers \ accidents are sure to occur - Weekens the arguement -
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2014, 05:16
B it is- because management does not have time to train ppl.. causing accidents.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2014, 04:48
How is E not relevant? Supposedly, the old machinery will be replaced with modern when the demand is high ==> less on-job accidents , strengthen, agreed!
But the machinery would be the same when the demand goes less later. So, even with less demand ==> less on-job accidents.

What am I missing?
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 04:45
I didn't like any option given in the question but since I had to pick one I went with B.
The conclusion is that the average number of on-the-job accidents PER EMPLOYEE each month should be lower when the demand is higher.
A -> not relevant
B -> if the number of employees increase and everything else remains the same then I thought well the accident per employee should have decreased. but it also says that the new employees were not trained. Hence decided to keep this option. Lets check the other options out.
C->not relevant
D->if at at this one seems to strengthen the argument.
E->Seems to strengthen the argument

B was the best option and hence picked it.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2015, 02:25
For all who said 'E ' strengthens :
To me it actually does not.If new machineries are used the employees are still not very much experienced to operate the new machineries like that of the old machineries and hence accidents will increase.Therefore E weakens the conclusion.

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 12:19
1
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Hello,
Can I just ask why A is wrong? My reasoning is that if employees ask for more money, and the mgmt grants them more money, then less money will be available to be spent on safety etc...
Is my reasoning wrong because in the question the author states that "more money is spent when demand is high" so the fact that employees ask for higher wages could already be "priced" in to the comment that the author mentioned?

best
Oloman

MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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09 May 2017, 22:47
Too easy to be categorised as a 700+

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2017, 19:46
well, if BB can read this post of mine. Clearly, gmat question gives out answers whose contents connect with the arguments in a weird way. At this point, the test taker can only use logic or common sense or techniques to find out the right answer. If so, GMAT is not really about arguments, but the matter of right or wrong.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2017, 19:50
MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark

hello, can you clarify to me how all the thoughts or neuron fires move along with the steps. You cannot keep eyes on everything, just to make sure that you did not miss any important detail. Sometimes, the strategy work; sometimes, something in the arguments bother the test takers. The answer is really elusive to me.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2017, 19:52
Kumarsaravana wrote:
For all who said 'E ' strengthens :
To me it actually does not.If new machineries are used the employees are still not very much experienced to operate the new machineries like that of the old machineries and hence accidents will increase.Therefore E weakens the conclusion.

Posted from my mobile device

well, in gmat, each option only focuses on one idea, or one element of the argument. Hence, that old machine is replaced with new machine will make the operation safer.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2017, 20:59
IMO B
If new workers are not trained then the likelihood of accidents will be high

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2017, 05:08
MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark

How long does it take you to rephrase the question? This is something I am struggling so much on. My concepts are solid.

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 74

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2017, 05:08
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