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# When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is

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Manager
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WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 04:35
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

92% (01:01) correct 8% (00:59) wrong based on 53 sessions

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When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Undoubtedly the official answer here is B...I saw A and B as contenders for this question...I assume, had option B not been there A probably could be an answer......High Demand = More Money Spent on safety and machinery = less accident ......I welcome a debate on this
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 05:41
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Expert's post
I'm curious why you think A would be a reasonable answer here? Is it because you think that if employees get higher wages, that will reduce the amount of money available for safety? If you're looking at the question that way, you're making a common CR mistake: you're trying to disprove one of the premises of the argument. The argument tells us that, when demand is high, more money is spent on safety. That is a premise: it is an absolute fact, and it cannot be wrong. Even if answer A is true, and companies pay their employees more when demand is high, it still absolutely must be true that companies also spend more on safety. So A cannot be the answer here.

We need an answer which suggests a reason there might be more accidents when demand is high even though more money is spent on safety. Only B is a good answer: B tells us that when demand is high, not only is more money spent on safety, but something else happens as well: untrained workers are hired. And if the population of workers changes, and particularly if the new workers are not trained, that could increase the accident rate.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 07:48
1
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IanStewart wrote:
I'm curious why you think A would be a reasonable answer here? Is it because you think that if employees get higher wages, that will reduce the amount of money available for safety? If you're looking at the question that way, you're making a common CR mistake: you're trying to disprove one of the premises of the argument. The argument tells us that, when demand is high, more money is spent on safety. That is a premise: it is an absolute fact, and it cannot be wrong. Even if answer A is true, and companies pay their employees more when demand is high, it still absolutely must be true that companies also spend more on safety. So A cannot be the answer here.

We need an answer which suggests a reason there might be more accidents when demand is high even though more money is spent on safety. Only B is a good answer: B tells us that when demand is high, not only is more money spent on safety, but something else happens as well: untrained workers are hired. And if the population of workers changes, and particularly if the new workers are not trained, that could increase the accident rate.

Moreover, A is completely unrelated to the stimulus. I didn't see that relation between A and the stimulus.

As such, even Ian got the answer wrong (I lay something absurd) A is incorret, in anyway.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 08:35
ratinarace wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Undoubtedly the official answer here is B...I saw A and B as contenders for this question...I assume, had option B not been there A probably could be an answer......High Demand = More Money Spent on safety and machinery = less accident ......I welcome a debate on this

Can anyone explain why E is considered wrong?
Doesn't it weaken the conclusion that states ' low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance."

KUDOS is a great way to encourage the complete community.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 08:59
1
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Expert's post
Can anyone explain why E is considered wrong?
Doesn't it weaken the conclusion that states ' low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance."

The conclusion or the argument is that high demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents and we have to weaken this. The author tries to support the conclusion by stating the fact that higher amount of money is spent on safety and maintenance when demand is high.

(E) says that old machinery is replaced by new ones and that too automated ones. If the machines are new and automated then there will be no need or minimal need to operate manually. It will reduce the chances of injury, even in high demand situations. In fact (E) will strengthen the conclusion and support that there will be less on-the-job accidents.

Hope that helps,

Vercules
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 09:45
Vercules wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is considered wrong?
Doesn't it weaken the conclusion that states ' low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance."

The conclusion or the argument is that high demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents and we have to weaken this. The author tries to support the conclusion by stating the fact that higher amount of money is spent on safety and maintenance when demand is high.

(E) says that old machinery is replaced by new ones and that too automated ones. If the machines are new and automated then there will be no need or minimal need to operate manually. It will reduce the chances of injury, even in high demand situations. In fact (E) will strengthen the conclusion and support that there will be less on-the-job accidents.

Hope that helps,

Vercules

Thanks buddy.. Really helped

<= KUDOS is a great way to encourage the complete community.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 09:51
Dear Ian and Carcass,
I would say, just for the sake of discussion, choice A will be true if it gets rephrased in the following way, provided that choice B - which provides the best reason to weaken the conclusion - is not in the options.

its employees demand,that almost always disproved, for higher wages than they do at other times and upon not approving they usually do their job carelessly.

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 10:34
Sorry but I'm not quite sure what you meant but I 'd always adevice to understand the whole situation and at the same time paying attention to keywords.........

Guys: everybody can overcome this test, but keeping in mind to be flexible.
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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2013, 23:29
IanStewart wrote:
I'm curious why you think A would be a reasonable answer here? Is it because you think that if employees get higher wages, that will reduce the amount of money available for safety? If you're looking at the question that way, you're making a common CR mistake: you're trying to disprove one of the premises of the argument. The argument tells us that, when demand is high, more money is spent on safety. That is a premise: it is an absolute fact, and it cannot be wrong. Even if answer A is true, and companies pay their employees more when demand is high, it still absolutely must be true that companies also spend more on safety. So A cannot be the answer here.

We need an answer which suggests a reason there might be more accidents when demand is high even though more money is spent on safety. Only B is a good answer: B tells us that when demand is high, not only is more money spent on safety, but something else happens as well: untrained workers are hired. And if the population of workers changes, and particularly if the new workers are not trained, that could increase the accident rate.

Ian that's exactly what I thought and assumed . I have not read the OG explanation for answer choice A. Now having read that explanation and reaffirmed by you it is so much clear now....Thanks

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Re: When demand for a factory's products is high   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2013, 23:29
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