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# When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught,

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Joined: 09 Feb 2015
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Re: When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught,  [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 00:06
DmitryFarber wrote:
Youngleereal wrote:
the answer should be E. the imparting and encouraging actually tells us what he did during his teaching. it is more like a modifier rather than a parallel structure.
that is, he taught, imparting and encouraging rather than he taught, imparted and encouraged....

Agreed. The answer just seems to be missing the word "and" between "imparting" and "encouraging." I'm assuming that was just a mistake.

IMO , here imparting can be considered a consequence of teaching but how can we say encouraging was also a consequence of teaching.
Wouldn't it make more sense to make encouraged parallel to taught. Do we just pick the E because of a missing comma after and? I thought gmat doesn't test punctuation.
Can you please explain more on why E is the right answer and not D?
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Re: When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught,  [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 09:48
Must be "E"

Imparting and Encouraging --> parallel --> modify Howard
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Re: When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught,  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2017, 04:04
himanshumalhotra1990 wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
when he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught, imparted his knowledge to students to encourage them to be as successful as he once was.
a. imparted his knowledge to students to encourage
b. and he imparted his knowledge to students and encouraged
c. and imparting his knowledge to students encouraged
d. imparting his knowledge to students and encouraged
e. imparting his knowledge to students and encouraging

+kudos if you got it wrong .

Help required. Why i find this question put in a bad format.
I can't find parallelism here nor i can find it complete.

If I consider imparting knowledge and encouraging students as modifiers of Howard taught, option E seems correct.
However, consider this structure: Howard taught, imparting his knowledge to students and encouraged students... Here taught and encouraged should be parallel as in option D.
Is option D wrong because there is no comma after students? If there was a comma after students, would encouraged be considered parallel with taught?

Experts - Kindly comment if my understanding is correct. I faced a similar issue with another question. Any help here would be highly appreciated.

sayantanc2k mikemcgarry daagh egmat

Dear sayantanc2k mikemcgarry daagh egmat

Would you please comment on the unerstanding of himanshumalhotra1990?

My understanding is also same to his understanding. Is it correct?
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Hasan Mahmud

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Re: When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught,  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 00:52
2
himanshumalhotra1990 wrote:
Nightmare007 wrote:
when he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught, imparted his knowledge to students to encourage them to be as successful as he once was.
a. imparted his knowledge to students to encourage
b. and he imparted his knowledge to students and encouraged
c. and imparting his knowledge to students encouraged
d. imparting his knowledge to students and encouraged
e. imparting his knowledge to students and encouraging

+kudos if you got it wrong .

Help required. Why i find this question put in a bad format.
I can't find parallelism here nor i can find it complete.

If I consider imparting knowledge and encouraging students as modifiers of Howard taught, option E seems correct.
However, consider this structure: Howard taught, imparting his knowledge to students and encouraged students... Here taught and encouraged should be parallel as in option D.
Is option D wrong because there is no comma after students? If there was a comma after students, would encouraged be considered parallel with taught?

Experts - Kindly comment if my understanding is correct. I faced a similar issue with another question. Any help here would be highly appreciated.

sayantanc2k mikemcgarry daagh egmat

himanshumalhotra1990 Mahmud6 There are a few problems with that interpretation of D.

First, yes, the lack of a comma is a problem. Without the comma, the word "and" clearly links the two adjoining items ("imparting" and "encouraged"). With the comma, we might in theory see "imparting his knowledge to students" as an aside between two parallel past tense verbs. However, this would still be ruined by the use of the pronoun "them." This clearly refers to the word "students" in the previous term. This links the two parts together, showing that the author's intent is for those two parts to work together. If we had any doubt, we might also notice that none of the other answer choices make "taught" and "encouraged" (or any form thereof) parallel. We'd only see a right answer that deviated from all the others if the other version had a clear flaw of meaning or grammar. To clarify the problem, simply take the proposed "modifier" out and see if the sentence still works:

When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught and encouraged them to be as successful as he once was.

Nope! We can drop D.
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Re: When he could no longer play violin himself, Howard taught, &nbs [#permalink] 30 Oct 2017, 00:52

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