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# When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968,

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29 Nov 2013, 04:12
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When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, Carl stokes won the election,proving that an african american candidate can be elected in a city in which african american constitute a minority of population
1)When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968,
2)He ran for the mayor of cleveland in 1968,and
3)Running in 1968,for the mayor of cleveland,
4)When he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968,
5)In 1968 he had run for mayor of cleveland,and

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 29 Nov 2013, 21:55, edited 1 time in total.
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29 Nov 2013, 04:15
doesnt "when he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968'" literally mean that he was running for mayor..doesnt it change the meaning of the sentence?

whats wrong with option A
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Re: When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2013, 22:02
Hi ashishdara

When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, Carl stokes won the election,proving that an african american candidate can be elected in a city in which african american constitute a minority of population

1)When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968,
Wrong. Past perfect is wrong because it means Carl's running for mayor completed before Carl won the election. That does not make any sense. We just need a simple reporting sentence. --> simple past is better than past perfect.

2)He ran for the mayor of cleveland in 1968,and
Wrong. "and" is wrong. we do not need parallel structure here.

3)Running in 1968,for the mayor of cleveland,
Wrong. Modifier "running in 1968" means Carl won the election while he was running. Running what? Be aware of the comma after "1968".

4)When he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968,
Correct.

5)In 1968 he had run for mayor of cleveland,and
Wrong. "and" is wrong, we do not need parallel structure here. In addition, past perfect is unnecessary.

Hope it helps.
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29 Nov 2013, 22:20
ashishdara wrote:
doesnt "when he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968'" literally mean that he was running for mayor..doesnt it change the meaning of the sentence?

whats wrong with option A

'Running' for a particular post is a commonly used expression in English. It definitely does not connote actual 'running'.

A is wrong because it unnecessarily uses the past perfect tense whereas we require the simple past tense 'ran'
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Re: When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2016, 07:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 04:12
ashishdara wrote:
When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, Carl stokes won the election, proving that an African American candidate can be elected in a city in which African American constitute a minority of population
1)When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968,
2)He ran for the mayor of cleveland in 1968,and
3)Running in 1968, for the mayor of cleveland,
4)When he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968,
5)In 1968 he had run for mayor of cleveland,and

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

will you explain to me what is the reason behind being simple past instead of past perfect...... ?? thanks in advance.
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Re: When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 07:31
When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, Carl stokes won the election,proving that an african american candidate can be elected in a city in which african american constitute a minority of population
1)When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968, (Simple past tense is better when two events are happening at same time)
2)He ran for the mayor of cleveland in 1968,and (Pronoun should be used in second part of the sentence)
3)Running in 1968,for the mayor of cleveland, (While running in 1968 cleveland won the election totally changes the meaning)
4)When he ran for mayor of cleveland in 1968, (Correct)
5)In 1968 he had run for mayor of cleveland,and (Usage of past perfect is wrong)

Kudos please if you like my explanation!
Re: When he had run for mayor of cleveland in 1968,   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2017, 07:31
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