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# When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, Carl Stokes

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When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, Carl Stokes [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2011, 19:08
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37% (01:35) correct 63% (01:03) wrong based on 41 sessions

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When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, Carl Stokes won the election, proving that an African American candidate can be elected in a city in which African Americans constitute a minority of the population.

When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968,
He ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, and
Running, in 1968, for mayor of Cleveland,
When he ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1968,
In 1968 he had run for mayor of Cleveland, and
If you have any questions
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2011, 21:05
Since he ran and won at about the same time, you need a time marker such as ‘when’ to conjugate the two events. Again you need a simple past tense to denote both events. D is the choice
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2011, 21:34
Should not past perfect tense (option A)be used to indicate that he stood for elections first and that was followed by winning it...
Two events -> 1st event in past perfect, 2nd in past tense... ???? Plz clarify??
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2011, 01:56
If we use past perfect, the meaning will be - "Carl Stokes won the election at the time point after he ran for the election."
But the sentence meant - "Carl Stokes won the election at the time point when he ran for the election."

He ran and won the election at the same time. So, there is no significance to emphasize the time sequence of events. So, past perfect is unnecessary, as simple past would do the job.
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2011, 10:02
bschool83 wrote:
When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, Carl Stokes won the election, proving that an African American candidate can be elected in a city in which African Americans constitute a minority of the population.

When he had run for mayor of Cleveland in 1968,
He ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1968, and
Running, in 1968, for mayor of Cleveland,
When he ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1968,
In 1968 he had run for mayor of Cleveland, and

I selected C.

In A, Use of past perfect is wrong.
In B, unnecessary introduction of and,
In C, Correct modifier, modifying Carl Strokes.
In D, unnecessary introduction of he.
In E, unnecessary wordy and wrong tense.

I hope my explanation helped, if indeed please give me kudos.
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2011, 11:42
C has a couple stylistic problems.
1) What is the role of the two commas in the choice? The commas make ‘in 1968’ alienated from the stream of the sentence
2. A participle is used when you have to express a less important or incidental theme. IMO, use of participial ‘running’ is not proper because running is as important and as equal in character as winning in this case. Hence, we should assign equal working verbs for these two functions namely ‘ran and won’. Using a present particle ‘running’ downgrades the important act of ‘running’ for the post. At the same time, in the latter part ‘proving’ is correctly expressed, because ‘proving’ is a corollary of running and winning and hence is of secondary importance.
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2011, 10:40
This question is very rare in GMAT SC grammar, because the pronoun comes before the antecedent. Since he refers to Carl Stokes, and the sequence of events were simultaneous in the past, both the clauses must be in simple past.

Something like ... when it rained yesterday, it poured.
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2011, 13:57
Although C looks pretty captivating because of fewer words, I agree that D should be the correct answer. Pronoun can appear before antecedent as long as it has a clear reference and not very far away from the antecedent.
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 01:36
IMO D is the answer because of KISS(Keep it simple stupid).
In a GMAT answer prefer simple tenses over perfect tenses, we have to use the simple past ran and moreover there is a timeline specified for the event that occurred (1969).
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 01:42
I dont agree with 'D".

In 'd',

Firstly, he and the name later doe not make sense
Secondly, when should not be added...

Let me know if anyone agrees with me.

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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 12:43
daagh wrote:
C has a couple stylistic problems.
1) What is the role of the two commas in the choice? The commas make ‘in 1968’ alienated from the stream of the sentence
2. A participle is used when you have to express a less important or incidental theme. IMO, use of participial ‘running’ is not proper because running is as important and as equal in character as winning in this case. Hence, we should assign equal working verbs for these two functions namely ‘ran and won’. Using a present particle ‘running’ downgrades the important act of ‘running’ for the post. At the same time, in the latter part ‘proving’ is correctly expressed, because ‘proving’ is a corollary of running and winning and hence is of secondary importance.

interesting point..thanks for the info
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 20:48
+1 for D
Subordinate Clause + Independent Clause
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2011, 03:32
+1 D

I think that "when" implies that both events took place at the same time; therefore, past perfect wouldn't be needed.

OA?
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2011, 11:08
Why do you guys think D is the one. Could you please explain?
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2011, 11:22
navami wrote:
Why do you guys think D is the one. Could you please explain?

Why do you think D should not be the answer?
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Re: SC - 700 level - mayor   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2011, 11:22
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