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# When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing,

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When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 14:25
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When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, people tended to save more of their money, but when nuclear arms testing increased people tended to spend more of their money. The perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe, therefore, decreases the willingness of people to postpone consumption for the sake of saving money.

The argument above assumes that

A. the perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe has increased over the years
B. most people supported the development of nuclear arms
C. people’s perception of the threat of nuclear catastrophe depends on the amount of nuclear -arms testing being done
D. the people who saved the most money when nuclear -arms testing was limited were the ones who supported such limitations
E. there are more consumer goods available when nuclear-arms testing increases
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 17 Oct 2013, 09:39, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 22:58
Conclusion:
The perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe, therefore, (marker) decreases the willingness of people to postpone consumption for the sake of saving money.
You are looking for something relating perceived threat and the testing. Only choice is answer C.

A. increase or decrease is OOS.
B. supporting the testing is OOS.
C. Correct.
D. people’s view of the testing is OOS.
E. consumer goods are irrelevant.

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 23:05
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Argument talks about an increase in nuclear arms testing and jumps to perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe. Only C fills this logical gap. Moreover C also passes the LEN test.
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 05:39

The link between the threat of nuclear catastrophe and the arms' testing is established only by this option. Can someone explain what's a LEN test?

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 05:53
buddhendra wrote:

The link between the threat of nuclear catastrophe and the arms' testing is established only by this option. Can someone explain what's a LEN test?

I think it's a alternate terminology for Logical Negation Test. In assumption question, the best way to check the close answer is to negate the statement logically and check whether the argument still exists or dies.

Here it will be C. people’s perception of the threat of nuclear catastrophe do not depends on the amount of nuclear -arms testing being done

So if this negated statement is true then the argument dies. Hence its the correct assumption.
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 07:00
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buddhendra wrote:

The link between the threat of nuclear catastrophe and the arms' testing is established only by this option. Can someone explain what's a LEN test?

Actually it means Least Extreme Negation.

eg: Everyone is good.

Extreme negation of this would be : No one is good. (Meaning there are no good people at all)

Least extreme negation would be : Not everyone is good. (Meaning there are some people who are not good)

When testing an assumption we only want to test with the least extreme negation and check if it kills the conclusion. Extreme negation might even make wrong answer choices kill the conclusion.

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 09:26
Easy choice, use LEN technique to attack choice C and we will found out the correct one.
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When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 10:09
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When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, people tended to save more of their money, but when nuclear-arms testing increased, people tended to spend more of their money. The perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe, therefore, decreases the willingness of people to postpone consumption for the sake of saving money.

The argument above assumes that

1) the perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe has increased over the years

2) most people supported the development of nuclear arms

3) people’s perception of the threat of nuclear catastrophe depends on the amount of nuclear-arms testing being done

4) the people who saved the most money when nuclear-arms testing was limited were the ones who supported such limitations

5) there are more consumer goods available when nuclear-arms testing increases
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 11:09
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The argument talks about nuclear testing but the conclusion talks about people's perception of nuclear threat. In order for the conclusion to hold, we must assume a relation between these two. Hence the answer has to be C.
Hope that helps.
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 12:16
Conclusion: The perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe decreases tendency of saving and increases spending.

1) the perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe has increased over the years
-- Not an assumption and conclusion is not based upon this fact.
2) most people supported the development of nuclear arms
-- Not an assumption and conclusion is not based upon this fact.
3) people’s perception of the threat of nuclear catastrophe depends on the amount of nuclear-arms testing being done
-- Thsi bridges the gap between people's perception of neuclear threat (and hence their spending) and amount of nuclear testing.
4) the people who saved the most money when nuclear-arms testing was limited were the ones who supported such limitations
-- Author dont have to assume this to arrive at his conclusion.
5) there are more consumer goods available when nuclear-arms testing increases
-- Not an assumption and conclusion is not based upon this fact.

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 12:18
well......................
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When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, peo [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 23:29
When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, people tended to save
more of their money, but when nuclear-arms testing increased, people tended
to spend more of their money. The perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe,
therefore, decreases the willingness of people to postpone consumption for the
sake of saving money.

The argument above assumes that

(A) the perceived threat of nuclear catastrophe has increased over the years.
(B) most people supported the development of nuclear arms
(C) people’s perception of the threat of nuclear catastrophe depends on the
amount of nuclear-arms testing being done
(D) the people who saved the most money when nuclear-arms testing was limited
were the ones who supported such limitations
(E) there are more consumer goods available when nuclear-arms testing
increases

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2013, 11:59
The correct answer is "C". To test it, if you negate this assumption the entire argument falls apart.
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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26 May 2016, 09:48
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2016, 10:06
This argument kind of fits into list of arguments having "Language shift"
Argument starts with Nuclear testing and concludes about Nuclear catastrophe. So, there has to be a link between the two to get to the final conclusion.

Option C does that exactly.

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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing, [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2017, 06:19
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: When limitations were in effect on nuclear-arms testing,   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2017, 06:19
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