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When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2011, 14:04
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confused b/w C and E. Couldnt find an explanation for this.
Can anyone please explain.
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CR notes
http://gmatclub.com/forum/massive-collection-of-verbal-questions-sc-rc-and-cr-106195.html#p832142
http://gmatclub.com/forum/1001-ds-questions-file-106193.html#p832133
http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-critical-reasoning-collection-106783.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html?hilit=chineseburned

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Re: SC : Instinct [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2011, 17:19
Economist wrote:
D. OA?

Why not C:

not a formally or prohibited means >> awkward...it should be not a formal or prohibited means
bigtreezl wrote:
ichha148 wrote:
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

a)which are not formally
b)which are not a formally
c)which is not a formally
d)which is formally not a
e)which is not formally


C


D distorts meaning and puts emphasis on formally [not a sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict] where C says it is not a formally sanctioned.

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2011, 17:26
Why E wrong? I think sanctioned and prohibited here play a role of adj. The word "means" is plural noun. Why we need "a" here

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2011, 17:31
... a case... a means... a verdict...
Parallel structure?

Ans: C

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2011, 18:45
+1 for c

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2011, 19:11
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I knew the difference between C and E

c)which is not a formally (sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.)
e)which is not formally (sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.)

If we choose E, we have problem with S-V agreement, "his or her instinct are means", that make nonsense. We really need "a" here to resolve the problem with "means" whether this word is plural or singular. In this case, it is singular.

Here is the explanation in dictionary.com
Means (N)

1.Usually, means. (used with a singular or plural verb) an agency, instrument, or method used to attain an end: The telephone is a means of communication. There are several means of solving the problem.
2.
means,
a.
available resources, especially money: They lived beyond their means.
b.
considerable financial resources; riches: a man of means.
3.
something that is midway between two extremes; something intermediate: to seek a mean between cynicism and blind faith.
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2011, 01:24
Can someone clearly explain the difference between C and D?

Thanks in advance :)
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2012, 23:34
It should be formal and prohibited ..i think it is a typo .
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When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2012, 21:09
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When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

(A) which are not formally
(B) which are not a formally
(C) which is not a formally
(D) which is formally not a
(E) which is not formally

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Re: From Kaplan 800 SC 26 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2012, 21:15
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

(A) which are not formally
(B) which are not a formally
(C) which is not a formally
(D) which is formally not a
(E) which is not formally

First split happens with regards to subject-verb agreement. The subject is "instinct." It is singular.
So eliminate (A) and (B).

Second split (and last split) has something to do with logical construction and proper modifier (modification).
As such I go with (C) as it grasps the entire idea of what the author is trying to say.
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Re: From Kaplan 800 SC 26 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2012, 21:22
(C) which is not a formally

(D) which is formally not a

In the explanation in the book, "you'll see that the final a is neccessary to modify means."

How does a plural noun "means" need "a" ?

I looked up dictionary, and it says "means" can be both singular and plural.

Then, is "means" in this sentence considered singular becuase of "a verdict"?

Also, in the explanation in the book, "D changes the meaning of the sentence.

How??? :shock:

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Re: From Kaplan 800 SC 26 [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2012, 21:36
eybrj2 wrote:
(C) which is not a formally

(D) which is formally not a

In the explanation in the book, "you'll see that the final a is neccessary to modify means."

How does a plural noun "means" need "a" ?

I looked up dictionary, and it says "means" can be both singular and plural.

Then, is "means" in this sentence considered singular becuase of "a verdict"?

Also, in the explanation in the book, "D changes the meaning of the sentence.

How??? :shock:


From www.thefreedictionary.com

4. means (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A method, a course of action, or an instrument by which an act can be accomplished or an end achieved.

So as you can see, this isn't a matter of singular or plural: means is plural or singular :)
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2013, 07:13
ichha148 wrote:
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

(A) which are not formally
(B) which are not a formally
(C) which is not a formally
(D) which is formally not a
(E) which is not formally


Good one;

Here there is clear cut explanation in the previous post about the answer choices. But i feel need explanation about why not D or Why not C ? The plot of the passage is court of law. In making the decision the juror needs to comply according to mentioned procedures in law. Which means that if the a procedure is documented in the law. D changes the meaning of the sentence as the procedure is mentioned as 'NOT SANCTIONED'. Is it possible? So the answer is C- which clear cut identifies the verb agreement error and meaning.

Hope that helps

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2014, 04:48
C. gut instinct, which is not a formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

a formally sanctioned or prohibited means (SUBJECT SINGULAR) goes well with verb IS

formally (adverb) -- sanctioned or prohibited (both adjective) -- means (noun)

sanctioned or prohibited means (adjective + noun )

formally (adverb) is modifying adjectives sanctioned or prohibited.

Therefore, C is grammatically correct.
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2015, 06:42
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2015, 09:02
eybrj2 wrote:
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.


(A) which are not formally
the verb needs to be in singular

(B) which are not a formally
the verb needs to be in singular

(C) which is not a formally
correct

(D) which is formally not a
changes meaning

(E) which is not formally
a formally sanctioned or a formally prohibited means is not the same as
formally sanctioned or formally prohibited means

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 10 Nov 2015, 02:21
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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2017, 04:41
ichha148 wrote:
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

(A) which are not formally
(B) which are not a formally
(C) which is not a formally
(D) which is formally not a
(E) which is not formally


Hi
In option choice C, the "a" before formally should also be present before prohibited thereby making the sentence as which is not a formally or "a" prohibited means of reaching a verdict...
As this is not the case I chose E
Where did I go wrong...pl help

Thanx

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 00:18
ichha148 wrote:
When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror tends to decide a case according to his or her gut instinct, which are not formally sanctioned or prohibited means of reaching a verdict.

(A) which are not formally
(B) which are not a formally
(C) which is not a formally
(D) which is formally not a
(E) which is not formally

C wins over D due to parallelism error

'a sanctioned or a prohibited means ' would have made D correct n better option.

correct me if i am wrong

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Re: When presented with only circumstantial evidence, a juror   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2017, 00:18

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