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When should we use that in a sentence. Is ther a an

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When should we use that in a sentence. Is ther a an [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 04:43
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When should we use that in a sentence. Is ther a an explanation of this available in GMATclub Grammar book?

Eg: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than earlier decades.

a) earlier decades
b) earlier decades did
c) it did in earlier decades
d) in earlier decades
e) that of earlier decades.

Ans: Unavailable.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 10 Jun 2013, 06:56, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Usage of 'That' [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 05:39
divdaisyhill1 wrote:
When should we use that in a sentence. Is ther a an explanation of this available in GMATclub Grammar book?

Eg: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than earlier decades.

a) earlier decades
Wrong comparision, seems that the decades consumed meat
b) earlier decades did
Wrong comparision, seems that the decades consumed meat
c) it did in earlier decades
Correct
d) in earlier decades
seems wrong, i think a verb is required
e) that of earlier decades.
Wrong comparision, US population is being compared with consumption
Ans: Unavailable.

'One very simple rule for that:

That refers to the noun before it always

As far as the question is concerned, gave my reasoning inline ...
Can someone please confirm?
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Re: Usage of 'That' [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 05:40
I will go with C , it refers to population ...

That will be used if it was like that it did in last decade...

I may be wrong , can some one expert please help here

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Re: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 08:48
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Your question is actually quite broad. "That" is a pronoun which can either be used to modify a noun before it like ankurgupta03 said or to link two parts of a sentence.

Your sentence is an example of the latter case.

However, consider this sentence:

The house by the river is larger than THAT by the sea.

Here you are not linking two parts of the sentence. What you are doing is referring to the house by introducing the word "that". In other words "that" takes the place of "house" thereby allowing to form the sentence without mentioning "house" twice. If you didn't use "that", the sentence would be something like this:

The house by the river is larger than the house by the sea.

I don't know if this makes sense to you..

If you want a more in-depth explanation, you should try the Manhattan Sentence Correction book.
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Re: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 11:52
I believe the question you posted is incorrect because the modifier modifies "meat" - none of the answers are correct.

You need to add a - in there instead of the comma.
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Re: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2013, 04:09
The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than earlier decades.

a) earlier decades
b) earlier decades did
c) it did in earlier decades
d) in earlier decades
e) that of earlier decades.

Following is how I arrived at my answer.

A, B and D are out because they don't make sense.

Now, let us take C and E.

The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than it did in earlier decades. More than it did what? "it did" represents US population consumed. Now let's try the sentence with a slight modification.

The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than it consumed in earlier decades.

Does it fit the argument? I would say it doesn't. Because, logically, the report is to speak about what percentage of US population consumes meat, not about how much meat does it consume. So C is out.

So that leaves us with E. Let's try E in the similar way.

The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than that of earlier decades. "that" here represents percentage of US population. Now, the sentence with a modification.

The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than the percentage of US population of earlier decades.

This sounds OK to me.

So, E must be the answer.

Am I being correct here? Experts may help.
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Re: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 09:15
daisyhill1 wrote:
When should we use that in a sentence. Is ther a an explanation of this available in GMATclub Grammar book?

Eg: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than earlier decades.

a) earlier decades
b) earlier decades did
c) it did in earlier decades
d) in earlier decades
e) that of earlier decades.

Ans: Unavailable.

In this case my take would be E because:

The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population consumes meat, significantly more than that ( certain % of People) of earlier decades.

That plays important role in the sentence.

Ans: E
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Re: The abc reports that more than 50% of the US population   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2013, 09:15
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