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When the votes were counted in 2005, Montana officials [#permalink]
04 Dec 2010, 04:08
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69% (01:42) correct
31% (00:41) wrong based on 103 sessions
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When the votes were counted in 2005, Montana officials estimated they would need 200 additional polling apparatus by 2010.
(A) they would need 200 additional polling apparatus (B) they would mean that 200 additional polling apparatus would be needed (C) that it would be necessary to add 200 polling apparatus (D) the counts would create the need for additional polling apparatus (E) that 200 additional polling apparatus would be needed
Whenever you find a pronoun in the underlined part, you should be alerted of a possible error relating to it in the sentence. A quick glance at the answer choices shows that one of them replaces the plural pronoun “they” with the singular pronoun “it,” and two others omit the pronoun altogether, thereby confirming the suspicion.
(E) also avoids the pronoun and has conjunction 'that', and it uses correct tense “would be needed.”
One other thing to add here - get used to seeing the word "that" as a separator between a verb and a new subject, like you have here:
Officials estimated THAT 200 additional apparatus would be needed
The GMAT will often include answer choices that incorrectly put a new subject (estimated they) or verb (estimated needing) right next to the dominant verb of the sentence. Here, we need the word "that" to separate the two clauses "officials estimated" and "additional apparatus would be needed".
Much like feruz mentioned about seeing pronouns in answer choices, the presence of the word "that" in some answer choices often leads you to a decision point, either when a spacer is needed as it was here, or in the case of:
"that of" (or "those of") when you may need to determine whether you need that pronoun for a comparison. e.g. "Google's engineering budget is twice THAT OF Microsoft" (not sure if that's true though). When "that" is present in some answer choices, look to see if you can make a decision as to whether it's required.
Yes, I do agree - a few things that I think make this a pretty good GMAT-worthy question (not to say that others on here aren't! I think there are a ton of great questions to study from on here, obviously) are:
-The use of the tricky-plural word "apparatus"...it makes most of us feel uncomfortable, but it's not a decision point here so it doesn't even have a chance to matter. But its awkward presence makes the sentence not "sound right" in any form, making decisions tougher.
-The singular/plural Pronoun decision point in A, B, and C helps to eliminate C, but D and E don't use a pronoun...in this way, they can "throw you off the scent" of what's really important here. Most GMAT questions will involve more than one decision.
This one definitely has that feel to it that you won't be fully satisfied with the correct answer in that "that's exactly how I would have written it!" way, but systematic analysis of the question should lead you to the right answer, regardless.
Re: When the votes were counted in 2005, Montana officials [#permalink]
06 Jul 2012, 02:16
When I read this statement, I immediately narrowed down to between C and E as estimated requires that. However, E seemed better choice as it eliminated the use of "it" altogether. However, why is "it" wrong there? can someone please explain that to me.