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Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic

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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2016, 02:21
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Tanvid et. al.,

There seems to be enough confusion surrounding this to merit the full MGMAT treatment. So let's do it!

Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Conclusion: Increase in reported accidents caused by increased media attention, not increased accidents
Premises: After major accident, dramatic increase in reported accidents
Assumption: There's not some other reason accidents may increase

This question fits nicely into a category we call "Eliminate alternate causes", in which case the assumption is always that there isn't some other cause. All we need to do is weaken that assumption, and we're good to go.

A. The publicity surrounding airline accidents is largely limited to the country in which the crash occurred.
PROBLEM: This doesn't change any of the facts as we know them. All we care about is the inarguable fact that reporting goes up after a major accident. It doesn't matter where.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.
ANSWER: This explains why there might be lots of accidents that arrive in groups: because of peak travel times. This means it actually is more accidents causing the increased coverage.

C. News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage.
PROBLEM: This means that reportage might be a bit arbitrary, but like answer choice A, it doesn't change the facts. We want to know WHY reporting of accidents goes up. To say that there is no guideline to connect severity to newsworthiness does NOTHING to address the issue of why reportage goes up after a major accident.

D. Airplane accidents receive coverage by news sources only when the news sources find it advantageous to do so.
PROBLEM: Still, we don't know WHY they would find it advantageous to report more airplane accidents at some time than at others, so this doesn't help us.

E. Studies by government regulations show that the number of airplane flight miles remains relatively constant from month to month.
PROBLEM: This actually strengthens the argument. If flight miles are constant, it wouldn't make sense for there to be more accidents at one time than another, so it must just be a question of reportage.

Hope that helps!

-t



Hi,

I still have some doubt regarding this question , cant understand why c is incorrect. Here is my understanding of the same : As per airline official,
more gruesome accident is , more focus of media on airline industry -> multiple news sources covering the airline accidents -> more reported accidents . So option C states that news organization do not have any guidelines to help them decide severity of accident , hence the reasoning that airline official gave is flawed and thus weakening the conclusion. Please help me understand why this is incorrect :| .
Thanks in advance for your response.

Regards
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2016, 03:27
Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Conclusion of Airline Officials: There is unnecessary reporting of same accidents by number of news sources and no increase in number of accidents

Choice C says that News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage. means that many news channels can report anything at anytime without understanding the severity of accident once they hear about any major accident. It actually strengthens the argument by point out problems in news channels itself. This option doesn't weaken the argument.

Hope it helps!


megha_2709 wrote:
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Tanvid et. al.,

There seems to be enough confusion surrounding this to merit the full MGMAT treatment. So let's do it!

Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Conclusion: Increase in reported accidents caused by increased media attention, not increased accidents
Premises: After major accident, dramatic increase in reported accidents
Assumption: There's not some other reason accidents may increase

This question fits nicely into a category we call "Eliminate alternate causes", in which case the assumption is always that there isn't some other cause. All we need to do is weaken that assumption, and we're good to go.

A. The publicity surrounding airline accidents is largely limited to the country in which the crash occurred.
PROBLEM: This doesn't change any of the facts as we know them. All we care about is the inarguable fact that reporting goes up after a major accident. It doesn't matter where.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.
ANSWER: This explains why there might be lots of accidents that arrive in groups: because of peak travel times. This means it actually is more accidents causing the increased coverage.

C. News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage.
PROBLEM: This means that reportage might be a bit arbitrary, but like answer choice A, it doesn't change the facts. We want to know WHY reporting of accidents goes up. To say that there is no guideline to connect severity to newsworthiness does NOTHING to address the issue of why reportage goes up after a major accident.

D. Airplane accidents receive coverage by news sources only when the news sources find it advantageous to do so.
PROBLEM: Still, we don't know WHY they would find it advantageous to report more airplane accidents at some time than at others, so this doesn't help us.

E. Studies by government regulations show that the number of airplane flight miles remains relatively constant from month to month.
PROBLEM: This actually strengthens the argument. If flight miles are constant, it wouldn't make sense for there to be more accidents at one time than another, so it must just be a question of reportage.

Hope that helps!

-t



Hi,

I still have some doubt regarding this question , cant understand why c is incorrect. Here is my understanding of the same : As per airline official,
more gruesome accident is , more focus of media on airline industry -> multiple news sources covering the airline accidents -> more reported accidents . So option C states that news organization do not have any guidelines to help them decide severity of accident , hence the reasoning that airline official gave is flawed and thus weakening the conclusion. Please help me understand why this is incorrect :| .
Thanks in advance for your response.

Regards
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2017, 02:49
Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.

If B is the answer does it mean air line official was lying when he/she said ...number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2018, 14:03
In my opinion, a person still find it hard to understand why B is an answer b/c the connection between B and the conclusion of the argument is not so clear.
Nevertheless, B is acceptable b/c B says "an increase in the number of accidents" often does occur. In other words, B strengthens the premise, not the conclusion.
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2018, 23:20
tanvid wrote:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi Please try and answer this CR question. I am not able to apply correct logic. I am not really convinced with the answer key.

Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Which of the following, if true, would seriously weaken the assertions of the airline officials?

A. The publicity surrounding airline accidents is largely limited to the country in which the crash occurred.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.

C. News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage.

D. Airplane accidents receive coverage by news sources only when the news sources find it advantageous to do so.

E. Studies by government regulations show that the number of airplane flight miles remains relatively constant from month to month.


The answer is B

Airline official cites that the news agencies tend to report more about the accidents -major or minor after a serious accident .He further states that more reporting about the accidents does not mean that number of accidents rise .
Now what would invalidate this reasoning used by airline official -something that connects more accidents and more news reporting .
We can see that actually the number of accidents increase during certain peak hours.
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 00:29
arvind910619 wrote:
tanvid wrote:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi Please try and answer this CR question. I am not able to apply correct logic. I am not really convinced with the answer key.

Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Which of the following, if true, would seriously weaken the assertions of the airline officials?

A. The publicity surrounding airline accidents is largely limited to the country in which the crash occurred.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.

C. News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage.

D. Airplane accidents receive coverage by news sources only when the news sources find it advantageous to do so.

E. Studies by government regulations show that the number of airplane flight miles remains relatively constant from month to month.


The answer is B

Airline official cites that the news agencies tend to report more about the accidents -major or minor after a serious accident .He further states that more reporting about the accidents does not mean that number of accidents rise .
Now what would invalidate this reasoning used by airline official -something that connects more accidents and more news reporting .
We can see that actually the number of accidents increase during certain peak hours.


We cannot deduce the highlighted part from option B. B states the trend of occurrence of accidents. This does not necessarily mean B claims that the # of accidents have risen during peak travel months. In Gmat, we can not base a fact on a trend.
I would go with C.
Airline officer says that the media coverage is biased. C weakens by giving reason that media coverage is unbiased.

Thank you
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 00:56
TaN1213 wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:
tanvid wrote:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi Please try and answer this CR question. I am not able to apply correct logic. I am not really convinced with the answer key.

Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.

Which of the following, if true, would seriously weaken the assertions of the airline officials?

A. The publicity surrounding airline accidents is largely limited to the country in which the crash occurred.

B. Airline accidents tend to occur far more often during certain peak travel months.

C. News organizations do not have any guidelines to help them decide how severe an accident must be for it to receive coverage.

D. Airplane accidents receive coverage by news sources only when the news sources find it advantageous to do so.

E. Studies by government regulations show that the number of airplane flight miles remains relatively constant from month to month.


The answer is B

Airline official cites that the news agencies tend to report more about the accidents -major or minor after a serious accident .He further states that more reporting about the accidents does not mean that number of accidents rise .
Now what would invalidate this reasoning used by airline official -something that connects more accidents and more news reporting .
We can see that actually the number of accidents increase during certain peak hours.


We cannot deduce the highlighted part from option B. B states the trend of occurrence of accidents. This does not necessarily mean B claims that the # of accidents have risen during peak travel months. In Gmat, we can not base a fact on a trend.
I would go with C.
Airline officer says that the media coverage is biased. C weakens by giving reason that media coverage is unbiased.

Thank you


Hi Friend ,

The reason i did not opt for C is that even if the media is unbiased then also there may be more accidents happening as we can not clearly deduce from the argument that the accidents did not increase .
If the media do not report minor accidents then we can not be sure about the number of accidents happening therefore i do not see this option in any way weakening the conclusion.
B states that the number of accidents do increase during certain peak hours thus thereby increasing reporting , hence the conclusion is weakened . There are actually more accidents happening hence more reporting .
Hope it helps

Warm Regards,
Arvind
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Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 01:16
arvind910619 wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
arvind910619 wrote:

The answer is B

Airline official cites that the news agencies tend to report more about the accidents -major or minor after a serious accident .He further states that more reporting about the accidents does not mean that number of accidents rise .
Now what would invalidate this reasoning used by airline official -something that connects more accidents and more news reporting .
We can see that actually the number of accidents increase during certain peak hours.


We cannot deduce the highlighted part from option B. B states the trend of occurrence of accidents. This does not necessarily mean B claims that the # of accidents have risen during peak travel months. In Gmat, we can not base a fact on a trend.
I would go with C.
Airline officer says that the media coverage is biased. C weakens by giving reason that media coverage is unbiased.

Thank you


Hi Friend ,

The reason i did not opt for C is that even if the media is unbiased then also there may be more accidents happening as we can not clearly deduce from the argument that the accidents did not increase .
If the media do not report minor accidents then we can not be sure about the number of accidents happening therefore i do not see this option in any way weakening the conclusion.
B states that the number of accidents do increase during certain peak hours thus thereby increasing reporting , hence the conclusion is weakened . There are actually more accidents happening hence more reporting .
Hope it helps

Warm Regards,
Arvind

Hello,
I can now see your reasoning behind B.
But I am still not convinced that C does not weaken the argument.

Thank you.
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"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq :)

Re: Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2018, 01:16

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