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# Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,

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Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2012, 21:34
3
14
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:00) correct 49% (02:06) wrong based on 797 sessions

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Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt, I immediately evaluate whether it is more likely that this person would either lie or be lied to, or that the corruption he describes actually exists. I weigh the self-serving or slanderous motivations that person may have against the evidence that the public official is corrupt. If the evidence outweighs the possibility of slander, then I further investigate the charge.

If the author does not further investigate a corruption charge, he assumes that:

A. people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons
B. corruption never happens among public officials
C. the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander
D. investigations into the corruption of public officials are usually fruitless
E. it is certain that the public official has been slandered
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22 Aug 2012, 00:50
Given:
Person Claims official is corrupt -> Possibility is it being a lie or the listener is lied to or the official is really corrupt.
Order of investigation: Claim of official being corrupt -> Weigh possibility of self serving motivation or slander on the part of the claimer -> If not slander then further investigate

A. people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons - The person claiming the official to be corrupt has lied for self serving reasons - Correct
B. corruption never happens among public officials - Too strong a statement to make and cannot be generalized to all public officials - Incorrect
C. the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander - If the possiblity of slander is outweighed, it does not automatically mean that evidence of corruption is strong - Incorrect
D. investigations into the corruption of public officials are usually fruitless - Outcome cannot be determined based on assumption - Incorrect
E. it is certain that the public official has been slandered - If futher investigation is not done it means the offical has been slandered. Given in the passage - Incorrect
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22 Aug 2012, 03:17
dronacharya wrote:
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22 Aug 2012, 04:56
sidhu09 wrote:
Given:
Person Claims official is corrupt -> Possibility is it being a lie or the listener is lied to or the official is really corrupt.
Order of investigation: Claim of official being corrupt -> Weigh possibility of self serving motivation or slander on the part of the claimer -> If not slander then further investigate

A. people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons - The person claiming the official to be corrupt has lied for self serving reasons - Correct
B. corruption never happens among public officials - Too strong a statement to make and cannot be generalized to all public officials - Incorrect
C. the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander - If the possiblity of slander is outweighed, it does not automatically mean that evidence of corruption is strong - Incorrect
D. investigations into the corruption of public officials are usually fruitless - Outcome cannot be determined based on assumption - Incorrect
E. it is certain that the public official has been slandered - If futher investigation is not done it means the offical has been slandered. Given in the passage - Incorrect

I was confused between A and E. I dont understand why E is wrong.
I mean it clearly states that if there is no slander, then only further investigations are carried out.
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22 Aug 2012, 05:16
1
mehulsayani wrote:
I was confused between A and E. I dont understand why E is wrong.
I mean it clearly states that if there is no slander, then only further investigations are carried out.

I have to admit that this CR went way over my head
Here's the official explanation:

A: his argument presents a dichotomy. When someone claims that a public official is corrupt, the author evaluates whether that claim is true based on evidence or that the person making the claim is lying. The claim is investigated if the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander. (Conversely, the claim is not investigated if the possibility of slander outweighs the evidence of corruption.) This is a bit of a trick question because in either case, the author assumes that people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons, response (A).

B: Another assumption made is that public officials are sometimes corrupt, so we can eliminate (B).

C and D: C) would be true only in cases when the author further investigates the corruption charge. There is no evidence in the passage for (D).

E: (E) is incorrect. By not investigating further, the author isn’t assuming that slander has certainly occurred; he has determined only that the evidence of slander outweighs the evidence of corruption.
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27 Aug 2012, 09:47
macjas wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
I was confused between A and E. I dont understand why E is wrong.
I mean it clearly states that if there is no slander, then only further investigations are carried out.

I have to admit that this CR went way over my head
Here's the official explanation:

A: his argument presents a dichotomy. When someone claims that a public official is corrupt, the author evaluates whether that claim is true based on evidence or that the person making the claim is lying. The claim is investigated if the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander. (Conversely, the claim is not investigated if the possibility of slander outweighs the evidence of corruption.) This is a bit of a trick question because in either case, the author assumes that people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons, response (A).

B: Another assumption made is that public officials are sometimes corrupt, so we can eliminate (B).

C and D: C) would be true only in cases when the author further investigates the corruption charge. There is no evidence in the passage for (D).

E: (E) is incorrect. By not investigating further, the author isn’t assuming that slander has certainly occurred; he has determined only that the evidence of slander outweighs the evidence of corruption.

Nice explanation mcjas. Even though I understood the stimulus, still I chose E. Got my mistake. Nice question as well.
This only tells me that its still a long way to go to destroy the gmat.
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2012, 19:10
+1 A

I have a more direct way to find the answer in this question:

When the author says: "I weigh the self-serving or slanderous motivations that person may have".

It's clear that he is assuming that sometimes people lie for self-serving reasons.
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 13:09
1
macjas wrote:
Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt, I immediately evaluate whether it is more likely that this person would either lie or be lied to, or that the corruption he describes actually exists. I weigh the self-serving or slanderous motivations that person may have against the evidence that the public official is corrupt. If the evidence outweighs the possibility of slander, then I further investigate the charge.

If the author does not further investigate a corruption charge, he assumes that:

A. people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons
B. corruption never happens among public officials
C. the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander
D. investigations into the corruption of public officials are usually fruitless
E. it is certain that the public official has been slandered

Good Questions. Here's how I approached this question. When I read the stimulus and the question, my first thought was that the author assumes the claimer to have a self-serving reason to defame the public official. He then proves his own assumption wrong by investigating the claimer. Once he is satisfied that the claimer is correct (evidence outweighs the possibility of slander), he investigates the public official. Choice A fit this line of though (pre-thinking) aptly and thus I chose A.
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 19:54
(A) is basically exploring the possibility that the "slanderous motivations outweigh the evidence"

So ppl accuse a public official- either there is evidence and public official is really corrupt. OR accuser is self-serving..doing it to slander the public official.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2013, 07:15
Tough one. The stimulus was brilliantly framed to make it difficult to understand. OE is pretty clear. Thanks.
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2016, 02:48
Choice B, C and D are incorrect since these answer choices are irrelevant and used too strong words. Choice E is out because it is not necessary to ascertain that the public official has been slandered, it can be another reasons to stop investigating.
Choice A is correct since “I weigh the self-serving or slanderous motivations that person may have against the evidence that the public official is corrupt.”
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2016, 06:04
macjas wrote:
Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt, I immediately evaluate whether it is more likely that this person would either lie or be lied to, or that the corruption he describes actually exists. I weigh the self-serving or slanderous motivations that person may have against the evidence that the public official is corrupt. If the evidence outweighs the possibility of slander, then I further investigate the charge.

If the author does not further investigate a corruption charge, he assumes that:

A. people sometimes lie for self-serving reasons - looks good
B. corruption never happens among public officials - too extreme
C. the evidence of corruption outweighs the possibility of slander - but the author says that if evidence outweighs, then he further investigates...not correct.
D. investigations into the corruption of public officials are usually fruitless - not relevant.
E. it is certain that the public official has been slandered - certain - way too extreme.

A looks good.
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt,  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2018, 22:21
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Re: Whenever anyone tells me that a public official is corrupt, &nbs [#permalink] 20 Sep 2018, 22:21
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