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Whereas American dialects of the English language

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:14
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American dialect is not underlined


It has to be compared with European dialect not those or that of it

A uses those

B uses that ( that may refer to English language but then makes no sense )

C uses that and SV error

SV error with adopts

E is correct with no mistakes

E it is !!

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:24
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - Incorrect, What does "those" refer to? dialects ? (nonsensical)
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - Incorrect, What does "that" refer to? English language ? English language of European dialects (nonsensical, must be in reverse)
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends Incorrect, What does "that" refer to? language ? language of European dialects (nonsensical)
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - Incorrect, dialects require plural verb "adopt"
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - Correct

IMO E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:40
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IMO-E

This question tests SV agreement & parallelism in comparison

Whereas X......, Y - Element X & Y should be parallel.
So , X & Y should be
X- American dialects
Y- European dialects

Also, American dialects (plural)------Verb adopt

Whereas American dialects of the
(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend -----Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-----Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends------Incorrect------- American dialects compared to words of European dialects----- not correct comparison + SV Error
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend------Incorrect------- SV Error
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-----Correct---------- American dialects compared to European dialects (Correct) + SV correct
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 10:03
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"American dialects" requires plural verb, drop options which use singular "adopts" (C and D)

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
What "those" refers to? to "languages"? incorrect
We want "European dialects of English language" not "langueges of European dialects"

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
here plural "those" is changed to singular "that". this move does not help option B as the meaning is incorrect.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
I like this one, On the other hand, we have "American dialects of the English" which do some things and on the other hand we have "European dialects (of English language)" which do other things.
Quite similar and correct for me

IMO
Ans: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 10:19
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Using POE to choose the best answer:

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - "those of Europeans" is very vague and it is unclear that "those" refers to dialects. A can be eliminated.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - "that of European dialects" is still very vague and confusing. Verb should be "tend" instead of tends because dialects is plural. Enough wrong with B for us to look elsewhere, eliminate.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - "Language of English!!" Jeez! such a long wordy way of saying English language. Correct verb form shall be adopt and not "adopts" as is used here because dialects is plural, "that of European dialects" is redundant and wordy, the whereas at the beginning establishes that we are contrasting between two different dialects. Tends is the incorrect verb to use with the plural dialect, lose C.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - "adopts" is wrong here, just as in C, D is clearly wrong.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - "European dialects" in the second clause makes it clear that the discussion is regarding the two distinct dialects of the English language, both adopt and tend are the correct verb forms to be used with a plural "dialects", E is your answer then
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Jul 2019, 20:11
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

Meaning: contrasting american dialects of english language to that of European dialects
analysis: Whereas American dialects(s1- plural) of the English language often adopt(v1- plural) words from other languages, those(s2- plural) of European dialects tend(v2 - plural) toward the creation of new terms and expressions.
pronoun those :plural those refers to singular English Language so wrong here

POE

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(wrong as mentioned in analysis)

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
subject verb matches that singular to tends verb singular. that of comparison is singular pointing to english language singular followed by tends (singular verb). So seems correct in these two . Whereas the comparison is odd, american dialect cannot be compared to the that of ie english language. lets consider others)

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(s1 plural to adopts singular verb so wrong)

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(s1 plural to adopts singular verb so wrong)

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
( comparison of american dialects of english language to entire european dialects .Grammatically no issues. at the same time it provides us the meaning correctly. lets consider )

so btw Choice B and choicce E, despite having one issue in using that as relative pronoun for the people which is not followed in GMAT. But this error runs throughout all options so can be ignored. . But the wrong one of comparison overrules the complete dialects comparison ie wrong comparison is really wrong. wherreas in e it gives the meaning . so Choice E is correct.

of all the choices E is better candidate. so ans E
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Originally posted by ccheryn on 18 Jul 2019, 11:23.
Last edited by ccheryn on 20 Jul 2019, 20:11, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 11:32
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

X(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. Those of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. That of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
>>1st half (whereas...) is dependent clause. It needs independent clause. That of is incorrect. Makes 2 dependent clauses.

X(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
>>We get independent clause which is correct. However, American Dialects... ADOPTS do not agree. It has to be ADOPT.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
>>THIS IS CORRECT Adopt agrees with dialects. and we have an independent clause for 1st dependent clause.

ANSWER: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:04
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IMO E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> American dialects should be compared with European dialects, not those of European dialects
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Same problem as A
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Same problem as A. Also, English language should be used instead of language of english
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> American dialects is plural, therefore, we should use the plural form of adopts, ie., adopt.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> The comparison is correct and the words adopt and tend are in the plural form.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:08
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

"American dialects of the English language" is plural. So, correct form is as per the following:
"American dialects of the English language often adopt words". "adopts" in C & D is the incorrect.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends.........Incorrect due to SVA error.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend.............Incorrect due to SVA error.

Between A, B & E :

"Whereas" compares 2 same things. Here "whereas" compares American dialects and European Dialects. Both parts should have a parallel structure. So, "those of" and "that of" from A and B respectively are incorrect structure.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend...........Incorrect due to parallelism error.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends............Incorrect due to parallelism error.

"E" doesn't have any error.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend............... Correct Option.


ANSWER : E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:10
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> Incorrect. Pronoun error. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun those is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Incorrect. Pronoun error. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun that is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> Incorrect. Subject-Verb error. Pronoun error. 'Dialects' is plural so 'adopts' cannot be singular. It is unclear to which noun the pronoun 'that' is referring. It referring to either dialects or language, both do not make any meaningful sense.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> Incorrect. Subject-Verb error. 'Dialects' is plural so 'adopts' cannot be singular.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> Correct. There is no Subject-Verb or Pronoun error here.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 12:21
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

American dialects should be compared to European dialects and not those of European dialects.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend --> Error as identified above. Incorrect.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> that of European dialects is compared with American dialects. Incorrect.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends --> of the language of English is awkward. Also same error as option B. Incorrect.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend --> comparison is done right. European dialects is compared to American dialects. Introduced new error. plural American dialects has singular verb adopts. Incorrect.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend --> comparison is done right. Correct.

Answer Choice: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 13:00
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First split: "adopt" vs "adopts":
The subject is "dialects, which is plural, so "adopt provides the correct SV agreement --> C,D out

Second Split: "Those of European dialects" vs "That of European dialects" vs "European dialects":
"Those": plural antecedent is "dialects" or "languages", so we have no clear antecedent --> A out
"That": the only singular antecedent is "language", rephrasing it to "Similar language of European dialects" which is incorrect for two reasons: first, the subjects for the two sentences should be the "dialects", second: English language can have several dialects, but European dialects can't have one language. --> B,C out

E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 14:24
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - "adopts" should be without "s", because we need a singular verb here.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - Correct

The answer is E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 18:13
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend {There is contrast between American dialects and European dialects, hence use of 'those of' is illogical.}

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends{There is contrast between American dialects and European dialects, hence use of 'that of' is illogical. Also, dialects is plural, hence we need tend in place of 'tends' }

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends { Again dialects is plural, hence 'adopts' is wrong. Rest of the mistakes are same as in B}

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend {dialects is plural, hence 'adopts' is wrong}

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend.....Correct option}

IMO E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 19:14
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Whereas indicates the comparison between American dialects and European dialects. this is clearly indicated in D & E

subject of adopt / adopts is American Dialects, which is plural, hence, adopt is correct verb form.. eliminate C& D

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
in this option it is not clear What is English dialect compared to? What does 'those of' refer to. it could refer to words/languages/american dialects of european dialects. american dialects of european dialects doesn't make sense..

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
in this option it is not clear what is English dialect compared to? What does 'that of' refer to - it seems to refer to words of european dialects... and it is comparing english dialect with words..

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
adopts is not correct verb form here, and that of is also incorrect..

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
adopts is not correct verb form here, european dialects tend -> is the correct verb form for plural dialects

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
adopt is correctly used in this option , comparison is between american dialect and european dialect, and european dialects tend -> is the correct verb form for plural dialects

E is the answer!
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 20:28
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Original sentence: Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

As the non-underlined noun phrase "American dialects of ..." is plural, any verb that follows the phrase should be in the plural. Option (C) and (D) both use the singular verb adopts, which does not agree with the plural noun "American dialects of ...". Eliminate (C) and (D).

Option (A) is incorrect because there is no clear referent for those. If those referred to one of either American dialects or words of other languages, it would be nonsensical to say "(American dialects) of European dialects" or "(words from other language) of European dialects".

Option (B) is incorrect because the sentence illogically compares American dialects of the English language with (the English language) of European dialects.

Choice (E) is the correct answer: Whereas American dialects of English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects (of the English language) tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 20:59
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


American dialects to be compared with English dialects
hence correct form should be Whereas American dialects <noun phrase> , English dialects <noun phrase>
it leaves us with option D and E
often adopts words Vs often adopt words. The subject under discussion is American dialects, which is plural.
Hence correct verb form is often adopt words . This makes D incorrect an E as correct answer


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 21:42
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Splits:
1) adopt vs. adopts - the subject here is plural "American dialects" - Hence adopt is correct
2) those of vs. that of vs. just European dialects - American dialects is being compared with European dialects, so those of and that of are incorrect.
3) tends vs. tend - the subject associated with this verb is plural "European dialects" - Hence tend is correct

Hence correct answer E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 22:04
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Lets discuss individual options in detail.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Those of should refer to something PLURAL in the previous clause. So technically it refers to dialects. But the combined statement - dialects of European Dialects is incorrect.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Similar to above, that of should refer to English Language in the previous clause. But the combined statement English Language of European Dialects is incorrect.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
American dialects of the language of English is awkward construction and incorrect.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
American dialects [plural subject].... adopts[singular verb] Incorrect.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
This is correct. Prepositional phrase - of the English Language -, is not needed in the second clause.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 22:28
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend-out, as "those" should indicate "dialects" which is nonsense.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-out, as dialect should be compared with dialect.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-out, "adopts" should be plural.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend-out, "adopts" should be plural.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-correct, proper use of tense and maintain parallelism.

so, the correct answer choice is (E).
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language   [#permalink] 18 Jul 2019, 22:28

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