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Whereas American dialects of the English language

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 23:58
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Whereas – is a comparison marker that usually compares two clauses, or to be more precise, the subject of the first clause with the subject of the second clause. Accordingly, subjects of both clauses must be parallel to one another. Since American dialects is the subject of the first clause in the non-underlined part of the sentence, the subject of the second clause must be European dialects.

Structure: Whereas American dialects (subjet) adopt..., European dialects (subject) tend...

The above is the correct structure comparing parallel subjects. With that in mind, let’ analyze the below answer choices.

A. Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend...

The green parts above are parallel to one another but whereas is not comparing them, because European dialects is not the subject but the object of the second clause. Whereas can’t compare the subject to the object. What whereas is incorrectly comparing here are American dialects and those. Those may refer to languages, words, or American dialects. In any case the comparison becomes nonsensical:

Whereas American dialects adopt…, languages of European dialects tend… here dialects is not parallel to languages
Whereas American dialects adopt…, words of European dialects tend… here dialects is not parallel to words
Whereas American dialects adopt…, American dialects of European dialects tend… nonsensical and not-intended meaning.

B. Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends...

Like A, B incorrectly tries to compare the subject of the first clause with the object of the second clause. What whereas is incorrectly comparing here are American dialects and that. The only singular noun that may refer to is English language:

Whereas American dialects adopt…, English language of European dialects tends… here dialects is not parallel to English language, so the comparison is nonsensical.

C. Whereas American dialects of the language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends...

Like A and B, C incorrectly tries to compare the subject of the first clause to the object of the second clause. As in B, what whereas is incorrectly comparing here are American dialects and that. The only singular noun that may refer to is language of English:

Whereas American dialects adopts…, language of English of European dialects tends… here dialects is not parallel to language of English, so the comparison is nonsensical.

Additionally, American dialects adopts is a subject-verb disagreement.

D. Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend...

Finally, the sentence has a correct parallelism. However, as in C, American dialects adopts is a subject-verb disagreement.

E. Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend...

Whereas correctly compares American dialects with European dialects. There is no subject-verb disagreement. E is a correct sentence.

Hence E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 00:00
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

Solution:
Meaning of the sentence:
The sentence mean that the American dialects of the English language adopt words form other languages and European dialects of English language create new terms and expresions.


Analysis:

In the sentence the two Subject -verb pair are:

American dialects of English language - adopt
European Dialects -tend
Now a both the subject are Plural so the verb should be plural i.e adopt and tend.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend.IncorrectSubject verb pair are correct but the usage of "those of " is incorrect.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends.Incorrect.tends is wrong verb for Plural subject European dialects."That " refers to the word immediately preceeding it but here that cannot refer to the other language,it should refer to English language.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends.Incorrect.Usage of adopts and tends is wrong.They are singular verb for plural subject.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend.Incorrect.Adopts is wrong usage as per the explanation above

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend.Correct.Its is perfect .Plural verb for plural subject.

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 00:27
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Error Analysis: There is no logical antecedent for 'those of'. It is redundant.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend -Incorrect, for reasons stated in error analysis
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends -Incorrect, 'that of' is redundant
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends -Incorrect, structure is confusing, Subject verb agreement error due to singular form of verb 'adopt'
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend- Incorrect, Subject verb agreement error due to singular form of verb 'adopt'
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-Correct

Ans:E
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Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 00:46
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend-Incorrect
comparison error American dialects should be compared to European dialects

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-Incorrect
comparison error American dialects should be compared to European dialects

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-Incorrect
comparison error American dialects should be compared to European dialects

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend-Incorrect
dialects is a plural word so adopt should be used instead of adopts

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-Correct
Correct verb tense and correct comparison
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 02:15
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend- Incorrect. The pronoun usage of those is completely unnecessary, it distorts the meaning and intended comparison
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends- Incorrect . Same error as mentioned in A. pronoun that distorts the meaning and intended comparison
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends- Incorrect.This sentence repeats the incorrect pronoun usage in the above sentences, also american dialects of the language of english sounds awkward. noun dialects must be followed by a plural verb since it's plural and not singular adopts
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend- Incorrect .Same subject verb error as mentioned in C. However, this sentence corrects the the comparison error we foun in the above sentences.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend- Perfect. The subject verb error has been corrected, also the comparison is parallel and conveys the meaning properly

Hence the correct answer must be E.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 03:25
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


Meaning:
1. Whereas
2. American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages
3. European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions

Errors:

Attachment:
A.PNG
A.PNG [ 32.41 KiB | Viewed 383 times ]


Once we get intended meaning of the sentence, first that jump u p is 'those of"
What is the antecedent of 'those of'? we need something plural, dialects?
Dialects of European dialects tend toward... disaster :|
Logically we have sentence started with 'whereas' a contrasting word, subject of the first clause 'American dialects" so we need to start the second clause with some kind of dialect.
Those of European tend toward... Correct
European dialects tend toward... Correct

There is no other errors in the sentence, SV pairs agree in number, and verb tenses are correct.

POE

'that of' / 'those of' same error, changing plurality doesn't make any sense, eliminate (A), (B), and (C)

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends


Between (D) and (E), (D) has SV agreement error, plural subject - American dialects - doesn't agree with singular verb - adopts.
If you think that subject for 'adopts' is 'language' then you are mistaken.

'of the English language' - subject cannot lay inside the prepositional phrase.
Role of this entity in the sentence - 'of the English language' - object

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend

Attachment:
E.PNG
E.PNG [ 28.55 KiB | Viewed 382 times ]


E is the answer :heart
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 03:32
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Out, whereas there is correct usage of plural verb "adopt", there is incorrect usage of "those" as demonstrative of dialects. In would be correct, had it been properly referring to languages: "Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European languages tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions. "

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
"that" incorrect as it is used in singular form, , incorrect reference of "that", out

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
"adopts" is singular, whereas dialects are plural, incorrect reference of "that", out

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
"adopts" is singular, whereas dialects are plural, out

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
correct usage of verb "adopt", correct avoidance of "those/that",

IMO, answer is E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 06:27
Hi,
I have one doubt, this statement compares American dialects of English with European dialect. Thats the only comparison I could not comprehend.

Thanks in advance for the explanation.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2019, 06:27

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