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Whereas American dialects of the English language

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 13:00
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First split: "adopt" vs "adopts":
The subject is "dialects, which is plural, so "adopt provides the correct SV agreement --> C,D out

Second Split: "Those of European dialects" vs "That of European dialects" vs "European dialects":
"Those": plural antecedent is "dialects" or "languages", so we have no clear antecedent --> A out
"That": the only singular antecedent is "language", rephrasing it to "Similar language of European dialects" which is incorrect for two reasons: first, the subjects for the two sentences should be the "dialects", second: English language can have several dialects, but European dialects can't have one language. --> B,C out

E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 14:03
Answer E :
those of european and that of european is wrong usuage, So A,b,c are out
Difference in D and E is of Adopt and Adopts : where Adopt is correct usuage as it refer back to singular subject "American Dialects of english language"
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 14:24
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - the last part of the sentence is flawed and unclear
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - "adopts" should be without "s", because we need a singular verb here.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - Correct

The answer is E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 15:44
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend (redundant)
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends (should be plural verb and that here doesn’t make sense)
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends (changes intended meaning)
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend (plural verb)
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend (correct)

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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 15:51
A) Not so sure what those is referring to. Eliminate.
B) Not so sure what that is referring to. Eliminate
C) Not so sure what that is referring to. Eliminate
D) Since dialects = plural, should be followed by plural verb.
E) Looks good
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 17:57
Quote:
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend


That of, those of in options A, B C make the sentence sound like American dialects of European dialects which is incorrect. --> Eliminates A,B,C
Between D and E, American dialects is plural hence needs a plural verb --> adopt. Hence correct option is E.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 18:13
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend {There is contrast between American dialects and European dialects, hence use of 'those of' is illogical.}

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends{There is contrast between American dialects and European dialects, hence use of 'that of' is illogical. Also, dialects is plural, hence we need tend in place of 'tends' }

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends { Again dialects is plural, hence 'adopts' is wrong. Rest of the mistakes are same as in B}

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend {dialects is plural, hence 'adopts' is wrong}

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend.....Correct option}

IMO E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 18:22
American dialects ; P subject so verb adopt is correct over adopts option C,D negated
out of A,B,E after "European dialects " plural verb to be used i.e tend option E is better over A because in A those of is wrong modifier.
IMO E

Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 19:14
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Whereas indicates the comparison between American dialects and European dialects. this is clearly indicated in D & E

subject of adopt / adopts is American Dialects, which is plural, hence, adopt is correct verb form.. eliminate C& D

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
in this option it is not clear What is English dialect compared to? What does 'those of' refer to. it could refer to words/languages/american dialects of european dialects. american dialects of european dialects doesn't make sense..

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
in this option it is not clear what is English dialect compared to? What does 'that of' refer to - it seems to refer to words of european dialects... and it is comparing english dialect with words..

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
adopts is not correct verb form here, and that of is also incorrect..

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
adopts is not correct verb form here, european dialects tend -> is the correct verb form for plural dialects

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
adopt is correctly used in this option , comparison is between american dialect and european dialect, and european dialects tend -> is the correct verb form for plural dialects

E is the answer!
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 19:31
Correct answer is E because of the following reasons:
1. The verb "adopt" is plural because is referring to American dialects.
2. The comparison is American dialects vs European dialect.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 20:28
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Original sentence: Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

As the non-underlined noun phrase "American dialects of ..." is plural, any verb that follows the phrase should be in the plural. Option (C) and (D) both use the singular verb adopts, which does not agree with the plural noun "American dialects of ...". Eliminate (C) and (D).

Option (A) is incorrect because there is no clear referent for those. If those referred to one of either American dialects or words of other languages, it would be nonsensical to say "(American dialects) of European dialects" or "(words from other language) of European dialects".

Option (B) is incorrect because the sentence illogically compares American dialects of the English language with (the English language) of European dialects.

Choice (E) is the correct answer: Whereas American dialects of English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects (of the English language) tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 20:59
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


American dialects to be compared with English dialects
hence correct form should be Whereas American dialects <noun phrase> , English dialects <noun phrase>
it leaves us with option D and E
often adopts words Vs often adopt words. The subject under discussion is American dialects, which is plural.
Hence correct verb form is often adopt words . This makes D incorrect an E as correct answer


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 21:42
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Splits:
1) adopt vs. adopts - the subject here is plural "American dialects" - Hence adopt is correct
2) those of vs. that of vs. just European dialects - American dialects is being compared with European dialects, so those of and that of are incorrect.
3) tends vs. tend - the subject associated with this verb is plural "European dialects" - Hence tend is correct

Hence correct answer E

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 22:04
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Lets discuss individual options in detail.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
Those of should refer to something PLURAL in the previous clause. So technically it refers to dialects. But the combined statement - dialects of European Dialects is incorrect.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Similar to above, that of should refer to English Language in the previous clause. But the combined statement English Language of European Dialects is incorrect.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
American dialects of the language of English is awkward construction and incorrect.

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
American dialects [plural subject].... adopts[singular verb] Incorrect.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
This is correct. Prepositional phrase - of the English Language -, is not needed in the second clause.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 22:28
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend-out, as "those" should indicate "dialects" which is nonsense.
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-out, as dialect should be compared with dialect.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-out, "adopts" should be plural.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend-out, "adopts" should be plural.
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-correct, proper use of tense and maintain parallelism.

so, the correct answer choice is (E).
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 23:09
Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
American dialects is the subject, 'European dialects' should be the subject of the clause after comma and not 'those of European dialects'.

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Same issue as A.

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
Same issue as A

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
Subject American dialects should have a plural verb.

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
Correct.

Option E.
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 23:47
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(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend-Incorrect-use of "those of" is wrong as original meaning states the distintion between 2 dialects of english language-american & european-whereas this option is comparing between american dialects & something of european dialects
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-incorrect-Same as A. only here instead of using "those of", usage of "that of" is present which is still wrong in conveying the meaning.
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends-Incorrect- Singular verb "adopts" is wrong for plural subject "american dialects". Also comparison error still exits."language of english" is wordy too.
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend-incorrect-use of singular verb "adopts" is wrong for plural subject "american dialects".
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend-Correct-usage of plural verb "adopt" is correct, the comparison is also now between the 2 dialects-american & european-which was the intended meaning. Also usage of plural verb "tend" is correct for plural subject "european dialects"

Answer: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 23:56
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.

Meaning: European dialects of the English language tend toward the creation of new terms and expression, whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages.

Here two entities compared/contrasted are European dialects of the English language and American dialects of the English language.

Error:
1) use of 'those of' before European dialect incorrectly compares American dialects of the English language to (those) American dialects of European dialect. Use of those of is not needed. Based on this we can eliminate choices A, B, and C.


Choice D and E compare correct entities, but:

Choice D: Subject number (American dialects: Plural) doesn't agree with verb number (adopts: Singular). Choice D is incorrect.

Choice E: Subject number (American dialects: Plural) agrees with verb number (adopt: Plural). Choice E is correct.

Answer: E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 00:09
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Whereas American dialects of the English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend toward the creation of new terms and expressions.


(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend - 'those of' refer to what I cannot understand. If to dialects, then we get a stupid nonsensical sentence "dialects of European dialects". If to languages, we get no less nonsensical sentence "languages of European dialects". Out!
(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - same as A. That refers to what is not clear, language? Out!
(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends - same as B and another mistake is SV error: dialects.....adopts. Out
(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend - SV error - dialects......adopts WRONG
(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend - perfect! SV agreement and also sentence got rid of that ugly 'those of"
Answer is E
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 00:37
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(A) English language often adopt words from other languages, those of European dialects tend
those incorrectly refers to words and creates incorrect comparison......dialects should be compared to dialects

(B) English language often adopt words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
that is incorrect also wrong comparison

(C) language of English often adopts words from other languages, that of European dialects tends
american dialects are plural so plural verb adopt is required-----s-v error--- that is incorrect also incorrect comparison

(D) English language often adopts words from other languages, European dialects tend
S-v error plural verb adopt is required

(E) English language often adopt words from other languages, European dialects tend
correct S-V ----correct comparison--american dialects to european dialects (CORRECT)
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Re: Whereas American dialects of the English language   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2019, 00:37

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