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Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to

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Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes

[Reveal] Spoiler:
sravanth wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


The question tests your knowledge to pick out the elements compared in this sentence. This is a comparison question.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes : mammals vs birds : correct comparison.
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that Tiny tubes vs Birds. Incorrect.
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes Mammals vs Tubes : Incorrect
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds Mammals vs Tubes : Incorrect
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes Tubes vs Birds : Incorrect
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by broall on 04 Dec 2017, 19:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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Concept tested: Parallelism, Meaning, Modifiers
Difficulty: 650
Illustration: Unlike/Wheras X, …………………, Y…………..
In this construction X and Y are compared and we know that comparisons, on the GMAT, must always be logical and parallel.
In B, tiny tubes are compared to birds. Also, voice should be maintained in a parallel structure; B clearly violates the rule.
In C, D, E the “Unlike” comparisons that are made are illogical.
In C and D mammals have been compared with bird’s tubes. Unlike should always be followed by nouns as Unlike follows the same rule as Like.
So E is also incorrect as "Unlike" cannot distinguish between a noun and a phrase.
A is the correct answer where the comparisons are logical.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
Q136 Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes



Testing Parallelism -

(B) In [b] tiny tubes are compared to birds - Illogical
(C) mammals compared to birds' tubes - Illogical
(D) mammals compared to tubes in birds - Illogical
(E) tiny tubes compared to in birds the tubes - ungrammatical

Only
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
Compares logically and grammatically.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
Q136 Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes



ok wiil see to disentagle this one

here we have a clear comparison of what : tobes that do something in X and tubes tha do another things in something (try to simplify ALWAYS in an upper level question, and also in a low level SC :) , as well )

1) whreas IN mammals X do something, IN Y do something ...hold on

2) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that...........here the sentence goes on its own. It does not comunicate a clear meaning

3) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes..............here the best thing to do is to eleminate the filler between, so the sentence becomes Unlike mammals.........birds’ tubes............no way; it compares mammals to tubes

4) idem as 3) if you do the same process

5) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes...........here which refers to cells and then this leads us to bird's tubes.....completely wrong modifier.

A) is the answer
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Concept tested: Parallelism, Meaning, Modifiers
Difficulty: 650
Illustration: Unlike/Wheras X, …………………, Y…………..
In this construction X and Y are compared and we know that comparisons, on the GMAT, must always be logical and parallel.
In B, tiny tubes are compared to birds. Also, voice should be maintained in a parallel structure; B clearly violates the rule.
In C, D, E the “Unlike” comparisons that are made are illogical.
In C and D mammals have been compared with bird’s tubes. Unlike should always be followed by nouns as Unlike follows the same rule as Like.
So E is also incorrect as "Unlike" cannot distinguish between a noun and a phrase.
A is the correct answer where the comparisons are logical.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes

Last edited by Harley1980 on 12 Jun 2015, 11:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes (Correct comparison between mammals and birds)
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that (tiny tubes is compared with birds, eliminate)
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes (mammals are compared with birds’ tubes, eliminate)
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds (same as above)
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes (wordy and awkward construction)

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2013, 06:06
for conveying

is wrong because "conveying" here is used as gerund/noun, which refer to general action not of specific noun/subject in the main clause. the logicness is that "conveying" is cause by tubes.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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The core is what is being compared with what: It is the tubes in mammals with tubes in birds; all other permutation combinations are just out. Looking at it, it is clear that only A does it meticulously.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2014, 01:28
dvinoth86 wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


"conveying" in B distorts parallelism, same thing in C. "whom" in D refers to objects, but mammals is subject. Also, "who/whom" are used for people (though it might be used for living individuals at large, in either case, D is incorrect). E doesn't make sense because it makes a general statement about tiny tubes, and then goes on to say that this general rule doesn't apply to birds. This doesn't make sense. The "which" clause throws you off because it creates an incorrect assumption that mammals are being compared to birds, but that's not true because inessential clauses can be completely removed and the "core" of the sentence should still make sense. If you remove the inessential, what is it we're comparing? So, E has comparison problems.

A has correct comparison indicator "whereas", and CLEARLY compares mammals to birds, or more specifically the tubes of mammals to the tubes of birds.

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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A is the only one that compares species (mammals) with species (birds).

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2016, 15:33
av2012 wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


Hi GMATClub Expert,
I need to compare apple to apple or orange to orange, not apple to orange or orange to apple, as far i know. So, in E, 'tiny tubes' is compared with 'bird's tiny tubes'. Most of us think that the first 'tiny tubes' may be ALL 'tiny tubes' in this world, and the 2nd 'tiny tubes' is only IN birds. So, 'tiny tubes' in ALL and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing; the comparison is NOT so sweet. So, if this the case, then in A, I think that 'tiny tubes' in MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing at all! So, we can cross out choice A, too. :) . Do you think these two 'tiny tubes' are the SAME things, expert?

Actually, what SHOULD we compare here? Should we compare just 'MAMMALS' with 'BIRDS' or 'tiny tubes' with 'tiny tubes'?
In apparently, it seems that we're comparing JUST 'apple' with 'apple', we're NOT comparing ONLY 'apple' with 'apple'; we're comparing the first 'apple', which comes from 'apple tree' and the 2nd 'apple', which MUST come from 'apple tree' too. If the 2nd 'apple' comes from 'orange tree', then it is NOT pure comparison :) ,too. If THIS is true, then 'tiny tubes' IN MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' IN BIRDS does not make pure comparison at all.
Thank you all GMAT club members.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 02:50
iMyself wrote:
av2012 wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


Hi GMATClub Expert,
I need to compare apple to apple or orange to orange, not apple to orange or orange to apple, as far i know. So, in E, 'tiny tubes' is compared with 'bird's tiny tubes'. Most of us think that the first 'tiny tubes' may be ALL 'tiny tubes' in this world, and the 2nd 'tiny tubes' is only IN birds. So, 'tiny tubes' in ALL and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing; the comparison is NOT so sweet. So, if this the case, then in A, I think that 'tiny tubes' in MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing at all! So, we can cross out choice A, too. :) . Do you think these two 'tiny tubes' are the SAME things, expert?

Actually, what SHOULD we compare here? Should we compare just 'MAMMALS' with 'BIRDS' or 'tiny tubes' with 'tiny tubes'?
In apparently, it seems that we're comparing JUST 'apple' with 'apple', we're NOT comparing ONLY 'apple' with 'apple'; we're comparing the first 'apple', which comes from 'apple tree' and the 2nd 'apple', which MUST come from 'apple tree' too. If the 2nd 'apple' comes from 'orange tree', then it is NOT pure comparison :) ,too. If THIS is true, then 'tiny tubes' IN MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' IN BIRDS does not make pure comparison at all.
Thank you all GMAT club members.


Please consider the following statement:
Price of an apple is more than price of an orange... do you think there is a problem with this statement? If my understanding is correct, you are suggesting that this comparison is mistaken as well - is it?

We could also say,
Weight of this apple is less than weight of that orange-shaped alien-ship.. even then I do not see any problem. What do you think? :-D

The problem with option E is as follows:
The seeds of fruits are sweeter than the seeds of apples.
The above comparison is not "sweet" because seeds of fruits already include the seeds of apple. Something can be as sweet as itself, not sweeter than itself.

BUT, I do not see any issue with:
The seeds of the apples are sweeter than the seeds of the oranges grown inside that orange-shaped alien-ship.

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 10:03
Slightly digressing from the comparison issue, but notice the other big problem with E. It says that bone cells in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines; the original sentence says that tiny tubes are arrayed in parallel lines.

That's a total change in meaning.
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2016, 10:03
av2012 wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds’ tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


Whereas X, Y is idiomatically correct , refer Magoosh here

Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

Answer must be (A) , errors in the other options are highlighted in RED

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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2017, 20:01
sayantanc2k wrote:
iMyself wrote:
av2012 wrote:
Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes form a random pattern.

(A) Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes
(B) Whereas the tiny tubes for the conveying of nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in mammals in parallel lines, birds have tubes that
(C) Unlike mammals, where the tiny tubes for conveying nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, birds??? tubes
(D) Unlike mammals, in whom the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells are arrayed in parallel lines, the tubes in birds
(E) Unlike the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to bone cells, which in mammals are arrayed in parallel lines, in birds the tubes


Hi GMATClub Expert,
I need to compare apple to apple or orange to orange, not apple to orange or orange to apple, as far i know. So, in E, 'tiny tubes' is compared with 'bird's tiny tubes'. Most of us think that the first 'tiny tubes' may be ALL 'tiny tubes' in this world, and the 2nd 'tiny tubes' is only IN birds. So, 'tiny tubes' in ALL and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing; the comparison is NOT so sweet. So, if this the case, then in A, I think that 'tiny tubes' in MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' in BIRDS are not the SAME thing at all! So, we can cross out choice A, too. :) . Do you think these two 'tiny tubes' are the SAME things, expert?

Actually, what SHOULD we compare here? Should we compare just 'MAMMALS' with 'BIRDS' or 'tiny tubes' with 'tiny tubes'?
In apparently, it seems that we're comparing JUST 'apple' with 'apple', we're NOT comparing ONLY 'apple' with 'apple'; we're comparing the first 'apple', which comes from 'apple tree' and the 2nd 'apple', which MUST come from 'apple tree' too. If the 2nd 'apple' comes from 'orange tree', then it is NOT pure comparison :) ,too. If THIS is true, then 'tiny tubes' IN MAMMALS and 'tiny tubes' IN BIRDS does not make pure comparison at all.
Thank you all GMAT club members.


Please consider the following statement:
Price of an apple is more than price of an orange... do you think there is a problem with this statement? If my understanding is correct, you are suggesting that this comparison is mistaken as well - is it?

We could also say,
Weight of this apple is less than weight of that orange-shaped alien-ship.. even then I do not see any problem. What do you think? :-D

The problem with option E is as follows:
The seeds of fruits are sweeter than the seeds of apples.
The above comparison is not "sweet" because seeds of fruits already include the seeds of apple. Something can be as sweet as itself, not sweeter than itself.

BUT, I do not see any issue with:
The seeds of the apples are sweeter than the seeds of the oranges grown inside that orange-shaped alien-ship.


Quote:
Please consider the following statement:
Price of an apple is more than price of an orange... do you think there is a problem with this statement? If my understanding is correct, you are suggesting that this comparison is mistaken as well - is it?

if this is the perfect parallelism that "the first apple come from apple tree and the second apple come from orange tree", then I'll not suggest anything, here. I accept your explanation. :)

Quote:
The problem with option E is as follows:
The seeds of fruits are sweeter than the seeds of apples.
The above comparison is not "sweet" because seeds of fruits already include the seeds of apple. Something can be as sweet as itself, not sweeter than itself.

if i say:
The child of Robert is longer than the child of Jain.
Do you want to say that this comparison is not SWEET because 'child' of Robert already include the 'child' of Jain?
Thank you sayantanc2k...
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Re: Whereas in mammals the tiny tubes that convey nutrients to   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2017, 20:01

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