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Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more

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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 08:59
Hi Sayantan,

I have a question. In the construction "Whereas X, Y", do X and Y need to be parallel. In A, they don't seem to be parallel.

Can you please help?

Best,
S


sayantanc2k wrote:
manhasnoname wrote:
Could some experts advise me on how a sentence starting with "whereas" can be correct?


The reply from mvictor explains this query - closing this request. Please post again if you have further doubts.
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 11:50
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ss18 wrote:
Hi Sayantan,

I have a question. In the construction "Whereas X, Y", do X and Y need to be parallel. In A, they don't seem to be parallel.

Can you please help?

Best,
S



Hi ss18,

I would be happy to help you. :)


In this official sentence, we do see the structure whereas X, Y in which X and Y are parallel because both X and Y are a clause.

X = lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries,
Y = in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct,...

(Subjects = blue, Verbs = Green)


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 03:29
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Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

A. Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete -- The adverb 'one day' is correctly modifying the verb compete. correct choice

B. Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies ---The adverbial modifier 'one day' in the non-underlined part is wrongly modifying the noun companies.

C. The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete -- 1. Unparallel comparison; the Internet is being compared with 'in the more established industries'. 2. The Internet is not a place to be referred by 'where'


D. Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete ---1. where is not a place to be modified by 'where'. 2. Unparallel comparison. 'in the Internet industry' is being compared with just more established industries and not 'in the more established industries'


E. Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined lines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies ----Unparallel comparison; of the Internet industry is being compared with just more established industries and not of the more established industries
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 19:17
Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

A. Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
B. Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies
C. The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
D. Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are burred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete
E. Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined lines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 11:11
Could you please explain why option a is better than option b(in what respect)?
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Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 18:04
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VKat wrote:
Could you please explain why option a is better than option b(in what respect)?


Pay attention to the non-underlined phrase one day, phrase one day can not modify the noun companies --> option B is wrong; instead, phrase one day should modify the verb compete --> option A is correct.

PS: To modify a noun like companies in B, we should you an adjective or another noun. phrase one day here is an adverb.

Does all this make sense? :P
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2017, 21:07
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Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

The clear understanding of the sentence will eliminate all the wrong choice

Meaning
The competition of the established industries are more defined and structure but in the Internet industry, the competition is very blurred and indistinct to such an extent that the rivals companies become friends quite often.

Here competition lines (behavior) of the established industries and competition lines (behavior)of the internet industries are compared

POE
A. Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
The meaning is intact and the comparing entities are apt.
B. Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies
Meaning ambiguity: Here as competing companies the second sentence presents as evidence for the blurred and indistinct competition lines of the internet industry. This is not the intended meaning
C. The lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, unlike the Internet where they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
The comparing entities are wrong
The lines of competition and Internet

D. Unlike more established industries, where the lines of competition are clearly defined, they are burred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as companies that compete
The comparing entities are wrong.
more established industries and the lines of competition

E. Unlike more established industries, with clearly defined oflines of competition, those of the Internet industry are blurred and indistinct, as competing companies
The comparing entities are wrong
more established industries and lines of competition
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2017, 12:01
in chapter 6 of manhattan book, it is mentioned that Do not use comparative adjectives unless you have THAN in the sentence. "With winter coming, I will have higher energy bills" -wrong but in Option A we does not have THAN. is it assumed defined in the more established industries [than] in the internet industry.
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 08:04
Avinash_R1 wrote:
in chapter 6 of manhattan book, it is mentioned that Do not use comparative adjectives unless you have THAN in the sentence. "With winter coming, I will have higher energy bills" -wrong but in Option A we does not have THAN. is it assumed defined in the more established industries [than] in the internet industry.


Your understanding is in the right direction, but not exactly on the target - here "more established industries" refer to the industries that are more established than the Internet industry (not that "..more clearly defined in certain other industries than in Internet industry" - the use of "in" before "the internet industry" in your post is wrong.)

Also this example shows that a comparative adjective can used even without "than" when the comparison is implied.
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 11:31
Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

A. Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
B. Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies

First of, I was about to select B but ended up marking A.
B looked good because of proper parallelism, Although X blah blah, Y (pronoun for X of something else). But then felt something off about the 'Although' and 'competing companies'.

This is contrast between something of different type of companies. We are making a clear statement of some phenomenon about these companies. Whereas seems to be somewhat better. With Although, it feels like some sort of stronger contrast exists.

Although he is good, he seems to be cruel. Seems better.
Whereas he is good, he seems to be cruel.

Any inputs on this? Is the usage of Although correct in B or not. If not, why exactly? Any clear different between Although and Whereas?

"as companies that compete one day may be partners the next" seemed wholesome.
"as competing companies one day may be partners the next" seemed awkward, as if something is missing.
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Re: Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 12:45
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tann412 wrote:
Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete one day may be partners the next.

A. Whereas lines of competition are clearly defined in the more established industries, in the Internet industry they are blurred and indistinct, as companies that compete
B. Although the lines of competition are clearly defined in industries that are more established, they are blurred and indistinct in the Internet industry, as competing companies

First of, I was about to select B but ended up marking A.
B looked good because of proper parallelism, Although X blah blah, Y (pronoun for X of something else). But then felt something off about the 'Although' and 'competing companies'.

This is contrast between something of different type of companies. We are making a clear statement of some phenomenon about these companies. Whereas seems to be somewhat better. With Although, it feels like some sort of stronger contrast exists.

Although he is good, he seems to be cruel. Seems better.
Whereas he is good, he seems to be cruel.

Any inputs on this? Is the usage of Although correct in B or not. If not, why exactly? Any clear different between Although and Whereas?

"as companies that compete one day may be partners the next" seemed wholesome.
"as competing companies one day may be partners the next" seemed awkward, as if something is missing.

The first time I saw this question, I treated "although" and "whereas" as being more or less interchangeable - they both set up the expectation of contrasting clauses. If you see this split on test day, I'd strongly encourage you to look for other decision points.

So here's another thought. In (A) we had "as companies that compete one day may be partners the next." The terms in red, "one day" and "the next" are serving as modifiers indicating the time period when an action took place. The terms in blue "compete" and "be" are the relevant actions. Looks good to me.

But contrast that with (B): "as competing companies one day may be partners the next." Now we no longer have two actions, just an adjective, "competing" and a verb "be," creating an illogical comparison in which nothing is happening in the first time period.

But for what it's worth, I suspect you're right that "although" and "whereas" aren't identical, and your example illustrates this subtlety. "Whereas he is good, he seems to be cruel," seems wrong to me, and I suspect it's because the subject is identical in both clauses. "Whereas" is a better fit when two different subjects are compared. "Whereas he is good, she is cruel." The probability that the GMAT will ever require you to be able to make this distinction is roughly 0.

I hope this helps!
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