Which of the following best completes the passage below? At : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Which of the following best completes the passage below? At

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Manager
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Which of the following best completes the passage below? At [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2005, 22:42
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Which of the following best completes the passage below?

At a recent conference on environmental threats to the North Sea, most participanting countries favored uniform controls on the quality of effluents, whether or not specific environmental damage could be attributed to a particular source of effluent. What most, of course, be shown in order to avoid excessively restrictive control, is that .

A: any uniform controls that are adopted are likely to be implemented without delay
B: any substance to be made subject to controls can actually cause environmental damage
C: the countries favoring uniform controls are those generating the largest quantities of effluents
D: all of any given pollutant that is to be controlled actually reaches the North Sea at present
E: environmental damage already infliected on the North Sea is reversible

Can somebody help me to understand why the correct answer is B? Also, can you explain the process how you come up with a right answer? Because I normally know "evidence", "conclution" and "assumption" if there are strength, weakness questions, but I like to know how I should lead the right answer when I have this type of question(complete the sentence). Thank you for your advice.
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04 Mar 2005, 23:51
I see this as a conclusion question:
Each of the nations favoured uniform controls on the quality of effluents and so to avoid ridiculous controls on substances reaching the sea, it has to be proven that the substance can actually cause damage

A --> plugging it in the argument, we get "to avoid excessive control, the control needs to be implemented without delay" --> does not address the issue that the policy deals with (quality of substances)

C--> quality of substances is the key - the fact that the countries favouring controls currently generate largest proportion of affluents does not prove that excessive controls will not be in place -- it might be the case that the affluents released by the countries do not cause any damage to the environment

D --> extraneous information -- not required to conclude the argument

E--> out of scope(it does not matter whether the damage to the north sea is reversible)

Taku wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

At a recent conference on environmental threats to the North Sea, most participanting countries favored uniform controls on the quality of effluents, whether or not specific environmental damage could be attributed to a particular source of effluent. What most, of course, be shown in order to avoid excessively restrictive control, is that .

A: any uniform controls that are adopted are likely to be implemented without delay
B: any substance to be made subject to controls can actually cause environmental damage
C: the countries favoring uniform controls are those generating the largest quantities of effluents
D: all of any given pollutant that is to be controlled actually reaches the North Sea at present
E: environmental damage already infliected on the North Sea is reversible

Can somebody help me to understand why the correct answer is B? Also, can you explain the process how you come up with a right answer? Because I normally know "evidence", "conclution" and "assumption" if there are strength, weakness questions, but I like to know how I should lead the right answer when I have this type of question(complete the sentence). Thank you for your advice.
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05 Mar 2005, 00:14
Here's my explanation:

In the passage, there are two important clues to look for to complete the passage is the most logical way.

One is " Most participating countries favored uniform controls on the quality of effluents"; And the other is that the conference would not want to impose excessive restrictions. Now, in order to do this, it needs to be proved that some effluents which are subject to controls can actually cause damage. Since, this is what the participants also want to ensure, you're trying to narrow down on items that can be controlled and avoid excessive restrictions.

Hope my explanation is clear.
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05 Mar 2005, 21:23
Hello Vithal and shankarn,

The issue I understand from your explanations was to distinguish the substances which cause and will not cause environmental damage in order to avoid excessively restrictive controls. Right? Thank you.
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05 Mar 2005, 21:23
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