GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 27 Jan 2020, 05:38

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2016
Posts: 100
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 May 2018, 16:56
I found estimation to work the best.
Sqrt2= 1.4
1+sqrt2 = 2.4
One root = 2.4 or x =2.4
X^2 = 5.76
2x= 4.8

Now you have all the values to solve. You are trying to see which expression will give you the closest value to zero.

C can be immediately crossed off because you are adding throughout the expression

When you subtract 5.76 - 4.8, you get a value close to 1 being left over.

Equation D matches what you are looking for.
Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 133
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
GPA: 3.56
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2018, 01:48
1
fla wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

A) x^2 + 2x – 1 = 0
B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
D) x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
E) x^2 – x – 1= 0

If x1 = 1 + √2 then x2 = 1 - √2.

By the Viete theorem:
b = -(x1 + x2) = -(1 + √2 + 1 - √2) = -2
c = x1 * x2 = (1 + √2)(1 - √2) = 1 - 2 = -1

This is one of the simplest methods. Thanks.
_________________

The Graceful
----------------------------------------------------------
Every EXPERT was a beginner once...
Don't look at the clock. Do what it does, keep going
..
To achieve great things, two things are needed:a plan and not quite enough time - Leonard Bernstein.
Intern
Joined: 06 May 2018
Posts: 4
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2019, 11:50
How can we use the sum of roots formula here?
We don't have the value of a to be certain?
Intern
Status: Studying for GMAT
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 22
Location: United Kingdom
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2019, 07:18
Looking through the answer responses, I have not heard of Viete theorem. I have also never heard of the rules mentioned by JeffTargetTestPrep (see below):

To solve this problem, we need to use the following two facts:

1) If a quadratic equation has integer coefficients only, and if one of the roots is a + √b (where a and b are integers), then a - √b is also a root of the equation.

2) If r and s are roots of a quadratic equation, then the equation is of the form x^2 – (r +s)x + rs = 0.

But thank you for making light of these rules and theorem.

What I did and worked well for me, I used 1 + √2 and substitute into the answer choices. I started with answer choice C and made my way down and finally got the answer D- this can be done relatively quickly!

The idea is to ensure the left hand side (LHS) of the equation equals to the right hand side (RHS) of the equation, as follows:

From answer choice D, x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0

x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
x^2 -2x = 1
(1 + √2)^2 - 2(1 + √2 ) = 1
(1+2+2√2) - (2 +2√2) =1
1+2+2√2 - 2 -2√2 =1

From here you can cancel +2√2 and -2√2

1+2-2 = 1

1 = 1

LHS = RHS

VP
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1466
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 13:00
fla wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

A) x^2 + 2x – 1 = 0
B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
D) x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
E) x^2 – x – 1= 0

If x1 = 1 + √2 then x2 = 1 - √2.

By the Viete theorem:
b = -(x1 + x2) = -(1 + √2 + 1 - √2) = -2
c = x1 * x2 = (1 + √2)(1 - √2) = 1 - 2 = -1

Hi Bunuel
But who knows x2 = 1 - √2.?
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
VP
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1466
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 13:23
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

A) x^2 + 2x – 1 = 0
B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
D) x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
E) x^2 – x – 1= 0

Note that
(B) is (x - 1)^2 so its roots are 1 and 1.
(C) is (x + 1)^2 so its roots are -1 and -1.

Now note that all 3 of the remaining options have x^2. When you put $$x = (1 + \sqrt{2})^2$$ in them, you will get $$(+2\sqrt{2})$$ term. It should get canceled out by another term to get 0. So you should get $$(-2\sqrt{2})$$ term.
Option (D) has -2x which will give a term $$-2\sqrt{2}$$.

In the highlighted part, is the squared (^2) mistakenly put?
Quote:
(B) is (x - 1)^2 so its roots are 1 and 1.
(C) is (x + 1)^2 so its roots are -1 and -1.

Could you explain the quoted part?
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
VP
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1466
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 13:33
souvonik2k wrote:
Another method to solve this question is :
x=$$(-b±\sqrt{(b^2-4ac)})/2a$$ , using equation for finding roots of quadratic equation
where b is coefficient of x, a is coef of x^2 and c is constant.
Substituting values for option A gives
x=$$-1±\sqrt{2}$$
Since we need root as $$1+\sqrt{2}$$, b must be negative, with other coef same as A
which is option D

souvonik2k
Could you explain a bit this one, please? thanks
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
VP
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 1466
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 13:43
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi All,

While this prompt might look a bit 'scary', you can answer it without doing a lot of complex math (but you need to pay attention to what each of the 5 equations implies (and whether you can actually get a sum of 0 in the end or not).

To start, we're told that (1 + √2) is a 'root' of one of those equations, which means that when you plug that value in for X and complete the calculation, you will get 0 as a result.

We know that √2 is greater than 1, so (1 + √2) will be GREATER than 2 (it's actually a little greater than 2.4, but you don't have to know that to answer this question).

So, when you plug that value into X^2 (which appears in all 5 answers), you get a value that is GREATER than 4. To get that "greater than 4" value down to 0, we have to subtract something.... Also keep in mind that...

(squaring a value greater than 2) > (doubling that same value)

So subtracting 2X from X^2 would NOT be enough to get us down to 0... we would ALSO need to subtract the 1....

With those ideas in mind, there's only one answer that matches....

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

EMPOWERgmatRichC
Thanks for the extra-ordinary explanation.
But how do someone convinced that those equations are perfectly fine ( i mean- they are not randomly written)?
_________________
“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”

SEARCH FOR ALL TAGS
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15985
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2019, 14:36

To start, NOTHING about an Official GMAT question is ever 'random'; every aspect of the question (including what appears in the 5 answer choices) was specifically chosen for a reason - and sometimes the reason is to present a pattern that you can take advantage of.

From your question, I assume that you're asking about how we know for sure that the each of those equations actually does have a solution (or multiple solutions). Since we're looking for just one thing - the equation that has (1 + √2) as a root - it doesn't really matter what the other 4 equations are (since they won't have that root, none of them will be the answer to the question that was asked).

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Contact Rich at: Rich.C@empowergmat.com

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10020
Location: Pune, India
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jun 2019, 03:32
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

A) x^2 + 2x – 1 = 0
B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
D) x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
E) x^2 – x – 1= 0

Note that
(B) is (x - 1)^2 so its roots are 1 and 1.
(C) is (x + 1)^2 so its roots are -1 and -1.

Now note that all 3 of the remaining options have x^2. When you put $$x = (1 + \sqrt{2})^2$$ in them, you will get $$(+2\sqrt{2})$$ term. It should get canceled out by another term to get 0. So you should get $$(-2\sqrt{2})$$ term.
Option (D) has -2x which will give a term $$-2\sqrt{2}$$.

In the highlighted part, is the squared (^2) mistakenly put?
Quote:
(B) is (x - 1)^2 so its roots are 1 and 1.
(C) is (x + 1)^2 so its roots are -1 and -1.

Could you explain the quoted part?

Yes, it should be
When you put $$x = (1 + \sqrt{2})$$ in them, you will get $$(+2\sqrt{2})$$ term.
Basically, it means $$x^2 = ( 1 + \sqrt{2})^2 = 1 + 2 + 2*\sqrt{2}$$

Recall that
$$(a + b)^2 = a^2 + b^2 + 2ab$$
$$(a - b)^2 = a^2 + b^2 - 2ab$$

B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
Look at the left side. It is (x - 1)^2 because when you expand it, you get x^2 - 2x + 1.
$$(x - 1)^2 = (x - 1)*(x - 1) = 0$$
So x = 1, 1

C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
Similarly, (x +1)^2 = x^2 + 2x + 1
So here (x + 1)(x + 1) = 0
x = -1, -1
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

SVP
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 1945
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V34
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Sep 2019, 10:51
Bunuel wrote:
Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?

A) x^2 + 2x – 1 = 0
B) x^2 – 2x + 1 = 0
C) x^2 + 2x + 1 = 0
D) x^2 – 2x – 1 = 0
E) x^2 – x – 1= 0

Asked: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?
r1 = 1 + √2
r2 = 1 - √2
Sum of roots = 2
Product of roots = (1 + √2) * (1 - √2) = 1-2 = -1

x^2 - 2x - 1 = 0

IMO D
Re: Which of the following equations has 1 + √2 as one of its roots?   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2019, 10:51

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 31 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by