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Schools: HBS(08) - Ding. HBS, Stanford, Kellogg, Tuck, Stern, all dings. Yale - Withdrew App. Emory Executive -- Accepted, Matriculated, Withdrewed (yes, I spelled it wrong on purpose). ROSS -- GO BLUE 2011.

Re: GMAT Prep PS - Circle intersecting triangle [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2009, 07:53

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Accountant wrote:

Which of the following lists the number of points a circle can intersect a triangle:

A) 2 and 6 only B) 2,4, and 6 only C) 1,2,3 and 6 only D) 1,2,3 and 6 only E) 1,2,3,4,5 and 6

Can somebody help me? I have no idea what this means. I'll post OA later.

This is understanding how geomoetric figures work.

The options are 1,2,3,4,5,6 points that interesect.

I made a nice picture that shows all six options, so the answer is E.

Which of the following lists a number of points at which a circle intersects a triangle A. 2 and 6 only B. 2, 4 and 6 only C. 1, 2, 3 and 6 only D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 only E. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only

Circle can intersect triangle at one of the vertices - 1 point of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at two of the vertices - 2 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at three of the vertices (inscribed triangle or inscribed circle) - 3 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at two of the vertices and two sides - 4 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at one of the vertex and cut three sides (one side twice and other two once) two sides - 5 points of intersection; Circle can cut all three sides twice - 6 points of intersection.

Hence circle can intersect triangle at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 points. (The examples I provided are not the only possible cases of intersection points, just these examples prove that there can be from 1 to 6 intersections).

Answer: E.

Below is the diagram showing possible cases of intersections provided by DestinyChild.

Attachment:

TriangleCircleIntersection88639.jpg [ 5.38 KiB | Viewed 73100 times ]

Re: GMAT Prep PS - Circle intersecting triangle [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2009, 10:33

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walker wrote:

Could we consider a tangent a intersection?

point of intersection is a point that satisfies both the eq's (this case the circle and the line i.e the side of the triangle) So, a tangent is a point of intersection.

Re: No clue for this DS question - from gmatprep [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 03:58

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Imagine a triangle ABC. And draw a circle around it. 1 point - Just one side of the triangle is tangential to the circle. 2 pts - The circle is encompassing only one vertex. So it cuts at 2 points. 3 pts - A incircle. A circle where all the sides are tangents to it. Like we have in a in-circle 4pts - Draw a circle which passes through vertex A (pt1), cuts side AB (pt2), is tangential to BC (pt3) and finally cuts side AC (pt4). 5 pts - Gets trickier. Draw a circle which passes through vertex A (pt1), Cuts side AB (pt2), cuts side BC twice (pt3, pt4), and finally cuts side AC (pt5). 6 pts - this is the simplest. Draw a circle which cuts each side twice.

Hand me a kudos if you like my explanation. Thank you. -pH

One side intersects, 2 points. Two sides intersect, 4 points. Three sides intersect, 6 points.

Number of points can't be odd.

If a circle is inside a triangle with each of the three sides a tangent to the circle, then there will be 3 points. Also, if only one side is a tangent to the circle, then number of points will be 1.

And if the circle is inside the triangle and two sides are tangent to the circle, then we have 2 points.

Guess then the answer should be E.

If the point of contact of a tangent is not considered as a point of intersection, then of course I am wrong.

Which of the following lists the number of points at which a [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2015, 08:14

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Absolute Values/Modules tag is not required for this .
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long +1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 28 Sep 2015, 08:16, edited 1 time in total.

Which of the following lists a number of points at which a circle intersects a triangle A. 2 and 6 only B. 2, 4 and 6 only C. 1, 2, 3 and 6 only D. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 only E. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only

Circle can intersect triangle at one of the vertices - 1 point of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at two of the vertices - 2 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at three of the vertices (inscribed triangle or inscribed circle) - 3 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at two of the vertices and two sides - 4 points of intersection; Circle can intersect triangle at one of the vertex and cut three sides (one side twice and other two once) two sides - 5 points of intersection; Circle can cut all three sides twice - 6 points of intersection.

Hence circle can intersect triangle at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 points. (The examples I provided are not the only possible cases of intersection points, just these examples prove that there can be from 1 to 6 intersections).

Answer: E.

Below is the diagram showing possible cases of intersections provided by DestinyChild.

Attachment:

TriangleCircleIntersection88639.jpg

Can we take this as "there cannot be more than 6 intersections?"

__________________________ Yes, 6 is the maximum number.
_________________

As per wikipedia..
"In plane geometry, a line is tangent to a curve, at some point, if both line and curve pass through the point with the same direction. Such a line is called the tangent line (or tangent)......It is a mistake to think of tangents as lines which intersect a curve at only one single point. ....
Note that in the important case of a conic section, such as a circle, the tangent line will intersect the curve at only one point..."

Is being tangent considered as intersection ? I thought that an intersection is a line which "cuts" another line. Not only "touches" it.

Thanks!

Yes, if a line is tangent to a circle it's considered that this line intersects the circle (both tangent and intersection points are "common" points of a line and a circle).
_________________

Re: Which of the following lists the number of points at which a [#permalink]

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22 May 2012, 21:30

as per me the answer should be B....... as the question clearly states that the circle intersects the Triangle.....and the tanget does'nt intersect the triangle ..it touches it........

as per me the answer should be B....... as the question clearly states that the circle intersects the Triangle.....and the tanget does'nt intersect the triangle ..it touches it........

so answer should be 'B'...

I agree with what AugiTh has posted.......

Answer to this question is E, not B.

If a line is tangent to a circle it's considered that this line intersects the circle (both tangent and intersection points are "common" points of a line and a circle).

Re: Which of the following lists the number of points at which a [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 04:05

Somehow I interpreted intersection as "not touching", but just "crossing", so I chose 2,4,6. But I see that official way is to consider "touching" points as well.

Re: Which of the following lists the number of points at which a [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2015, 16:13

This question should be reworded, "is a tangent also an intersection" because I think more than anything else, that's what it's testing for most test takers.

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