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Which of the following most logically completes the

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Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since _____.

(A) Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages

(B) the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does

(C) the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech

(D) overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech

(E) the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech

Question Code : VCR006014
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 23 Jun 2017, 07:47, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question stem.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2005, 21:28
I will go for D. Though I am also inclined towards B also but I think D provides an ASSUMPTIOM that if not specified can be called for DEBATE.

D for me.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2005, 23:24
[quote="pb_india"]Which of the following most logically completes the argument?


(A)Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages
non-wage benefits has nothing to do with wages
Wrong

(B)the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does
Doesn't follow the comparison laid out in the question. It is perfectly possible that Z has easier jobs but still higher wages
Wrong

(C)the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech
Contraditary with info already provided
Wrong

(D)overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech
Correct. If over time is not rare in Y but rare in Z, then it might be a reason why Y spends more money than Z, even if Y's average wage is not higher than Z. Getting rid of this probability will be able to support the conclusion arrived in the last sentence of the opening question

(E)the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech
Highest wage says nothing about average wages
Wrong

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2005, 17:32
(D)
I think we need to find something, that could be a reason for explaining why Y spent more than Z and then neutralize that reason, leaving us with the only option of concluding that the average hourly wage at Y is greater that that at Z for the employees.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since _____.

A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages
B. the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does
C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech
D. overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech
E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2005, 20:19
I'll take D.

E, while talks about the highest hourly wage, doesn't tell you if the avg. wage at Y is > avg. wage at Z

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New post 15 Mar 2005, 20:39
D. overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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ttar wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since _____.

A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages
B. the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does
C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech
D. overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech
E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech


total sum = number of workers * hourly wage * hours

NOW, total sum, number of workers and hourly wage are the same.

Therefore hours must be the same.

D it is

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2005, 22:08
You're right, D should be the answer. If overtime work is rare, then the reason Yorco ended up with more wages paid out is because they have a higher per hour wage compared to Zortech.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since _____.

A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages

Not mentoined in the stem

B. the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does

Same as A

C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech

Contradicts what has been said in the stem

D. overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech

Out of scope

E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech

Could be ..

I choose E

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New post 16 Mar 2005, 09:42
D ! E is out because the argument talks about average hourly wages and the explanation in E could or could not be the reason for it. D is straight !

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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech
does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since __.
A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages

B.the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does

C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech

D.overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech

E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech

can anyone please explain why E is wrong ?

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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E is irrelevant. the highest or lowest salary comparison has no impact anywhere on the conclusion in that conclusion talks of the average hourly wages.
D removes a possibility of overtime salary and hence strengthens the conclusion.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour. Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech
does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers. Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since __.
A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages

B.the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does

C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech

D.overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech

E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech

can anyone please explain why E is wrong ?


The following ones are the given premises.

1) No. Employees at Yorco (Ny) = Nz (Zortech)
2) Total Income at Yorco (Ty) > Tz

E is wrong because, two things can happen.

1) Number of the highest hourly wages paid Employees at Yorco > No. Highest hr paid at Zortech
Then Ty > Tz

2) No. highest hr paid at Yorco < No. highest hr paid at Zortech
Then Tz < Ty

The trouble is we don't know the above two numbers(the proportion of them). Because the second case can reverse the whole premises, E should be the wrong choice.

Please correct me if wrong

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Also, you have to understand that when a "complete the passage" question ends with 'since', it is basically an assumption question.

Hence, with this added knowledge, if you look at the question, what it's really saying is that despite the fact that both the companies employ roughly the same number of hourly wage workers, the fact that Yorco spends a far higher sum on wages of the said workers MUST be attributed to the fact that Yorco has higher hourly wages BECAUSE there is no other factor that points to the contrary.

The underlined portion is the assumption, and choice D removes the possibility of another factor as the reason behind Yorco's higher expenditure on hourly wages. Thus, choice D gives weight to the implied assumption and is the correct answer choice.

Hope that helped.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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Yorco and Zortech have roughly the same number of hourly wage workers.
Yorco spends far higher total sum per year on wages of such workers.
:. Hourly wages must be higher on average at Yorco than Zortech...

A. Zortech spends a higher total sum per year than Yorco does to provide its hourly wage workers with benefits other than wages
Spending on benefits is a different topic... The concern is spending on wages... OUT!

B. the work performed by hourly wage workers at Zortech does not require a significantly higher level of skill than the work performed by hourly wage workers at Yorco does
Skills are not the issue... OUT!

C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech
The other types of employees is out of scopre... OUT!

Thus far, it's quite easy to eliminate A, B and C...

D. overtime work, which is paid at a substantially higher rate than work done during the regular work week, is rare at both Yorco and Zortech
The argument knows that total sums spent by Yorco is greater than Zortech and jumps into conclusion that average is higher in Yorco.. We know that to conclude about average - we must know two components: (1) total sum and (2) total hours... If the hours of workers in Yorco are higher then that will explain the increase in total sums spent and not necessarily mean average is higher...

E. the highest hourly wages paid at Yorco are higher than the highest hourly wages paid at Zortech
The conclusion is about the average hourly wage... The breakdown of the total sums that contributed to the average is not known...

Answer: D
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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I could not figure out why C was out. Anyone with a detailed explanation of all the choices?
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2014, 04:59
It's D because they have roughly the same number but a higher cost. Hence, since there is no overtime, the hourly wages must be higher.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the [#permalink]

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cssk wrote:
I could not figure out why C was out. Anyone with a detailed explanation of all the choices?



P1 :Yorco and Zortech are two corporations that employ large numbers of full-time workers who are paid by the hour.

P 2 :Publicly available records indicate that Yorco employs roughly the same number of such hourly wage workers as Zortech does but spends a far higher total sum per year on wages for such workers.

Concl : Therefore, hourly wages must be higher, on average, at Yorco than at Zortech, since __.

We are required to find the "basis of conclusion"

Prethink : Number of Man hours are same at both the corporations


C. the proportion of all company employees who are hourly wage workers is significantly greater at Yorco than it is at Zortech

Say for eg.

Particulars Corporation Y Corporation Z Remarks
Case 1

Total Employees 100 200
Total HWW 90 90 # of HWW of Y =# of HWW of Z (P 2)
Other Workers 10 110
Proportion of HWW 90% 45%
Total wages to HWW 90000 36000 Y spends higher on wages (P 2)
Total Hours worked by HWW 90*8*25=18000 90*8*25=18000 Assume 8 hours for 25 days
Hourly wages 5 (90000/18000) 2 (36000/18000) Hourly wages at Y are higher


Case 2
Total Employees 100 100
Total HWW 90 90 # of HWW of Y =# of HWW of Z (P 2)
Other Workers 10 10
Proportion of HWW 90% 90%
Total wages to HWW 90000 36000 Y spends higher on wages (P 2)
Total Hours worked by HWW 90*8*25=18000 90*8*25=18000
Hourly wages 5 (90000/18000) 2 (36000/18000) Hourly wages at Y are higher

You can see that in case 2 even though the proportion of HWW is same in both the corporation, hourly wage at Y is higher i.e. the change in proportion of HWW may or may not lead to the conclusion.

This is more of quant problem

+1 for D

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2014, 15:01

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