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# Which of the following most logically completes the argument

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2012, 22:54
+1 for A
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2012, 23:59
Its A
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2014, 09:45
Doesn't make sense to go for A.

We already know that Winter Wheat yield is going to be lower this year. It is provided in the argument (Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average.)

The premise tells us that Winter Wheat has a problem when given less water.

Answer C informs us that Sprint Wheat is well adapted to the soil = will have better yield?

Am I stretching it too much and bringing outside assumptions?
Let me try to explain this..
Cost Price of(Expense on) Winter Wheat to farmers(for seeds and all other ) = $100 for 1 kg Profit Margin = 20% Sales Price = 1 kg(Output Quantity) *100(CP) * 1.2 =$120
So, before the law on irrigation restrictions, Profit = 120(Revenue) - 100(Expense) = $20 Now, after CP(Cost Price) or Expense of Winter Wheat remains same =$100 for 1 kg
Profit Margin = 20% (Same)
But yield has decreased, for 1 kg sowed, I receive only 0.8 kg yield or Output quantity.
So, the Sales Price for this reduced quantity = 0.8 kg(Output Quantity) * 100(CP) * 1.2 = $96 So, after the law on irrigation restrictions, Profit = 96 (Revenue) - 100 (Expense) = -$4
So it is a net loss. Why? Because the profit margin of 20% is not good enough to cover up the expenses and loss of yield.

Since expenses are considered constant in the question, the question then focuses on loss of yield to blame this loss. This is what A covers up.
If you increase the yield or increase the profit margin, you will get more Profits. That is what A suggests.

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2014, 07:13
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices...[color=#00a651]MEANS LOW HARVEST WILL NOT ENSURE PROPORTIONALLY HIGH PROFIT DUE TO HIGHER PRICES..... HENCE PROFIT WILL BE LESS THAN SPRING WHEAT.....HENCE CORRECT
[/color]
B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested...SHOWS ONLY ONE CAN BE PLANTED.... BUT DOES NOT HINT TOWARDS WHICH ONE WOULD BE MORE PROFITABLE... HENCE INCORRECT.

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region....ADAPTATION TO SOIL IS IRRELEVANT HERE.....MAY BE WINTER WHEAT IS EQUALLY OR MORE ADAPTABLE......

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat......USE IS NOT IMPORTANT HERE....... PROFIT IS.... HENCE WRONG....

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye......WHY COMPARE OTHER PLANTS?......WRONG
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 07:25
A it is. The "since____________" part is continuing a thought about which plant is more profitable. An explanation for such thought must follow. A fits the bill.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2015, 09:38
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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22 May 2016, 01:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 00:56
Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

winter wheat VS Spring wheat
after res. winter wheat yield/acre < avg
spring wheat yield >= avg

Spring wheat yield more profitable. That means (revenue - expenditure) for Spring wheat > (revenue - expenditure) winter wheat.

* High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield)
* if other factor that affects expenditure is low for Spring wheat yield

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices :- * High yield => high profit (if price is higher for Spring wheat yield) A substantiate this.

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region : Even if it well adapted, why not winter wheat.

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat : doesn't address issue of profitability

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye : out of scope
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2016, 19:30
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I have the option to either sell the swangsung galaxy note 7 this year on retail websites or the snapple 7 plus next year, when it releases, on retail websites. Both smartphones are equally profitable. But, due to recent issues with swangsung's fones catching fire, customers are reluctant to purchase the swangsung even after deep discounts. Because of this, I wont be able to sell a single swangsung fone this year but will still have to pay for the retail website fees and advertising charges which means I will make a loss. So, I would rather wait for the new snaple 7 plus to release next year.

Makes sense?

pi10t wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

Davison River farmers are currently deciding between planting winter wheat this fall or spring wheat next spring. Winter wheat and spring wheat are usually about equally profitable. Because of new government restrictions on the use of Davison River water for irrigation, per acre yields for winter wheat, though not for spring wheat, would be much lower than average. Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat, since_______.

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices

B. new crops of spring wheat must be planted earlier than the time at which standing crops of winter wheat are ready to be harvested

C. the spring wheat that farmers in the Davison River region plant is well adapted to the soil of the region

D. spring wheat has uses that are different from those of winter wheat

E. planting spring wheat is more profitable than planting certain other crops, such as rye

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Which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2017, 12:44
+ 1 A

Here's how I got the answer in less than 1 minute.

Winter or sprint wheat? Both equally profitable.
Restrictions on the use of water for irrigation so the per acre yields for winter wheat lower than average
Per acre yield for spring wheat won't be affected.
Conclusion:Therefore, planting spring wheat will be more profitable than planting winter wheat,

But why?

Since _____.

Prethinking: Think of demand and supply. If per acre yield of winter wheat is low, the farmers can demand more  since winter wheat is scarce! But the author concludes that the farmer must plant spring wheat. Why?

A. the smaller-than-average size of a winter wheat harvest this year would not be compensated for by higher winter wheat prices
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2017, 12:44

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