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# which of the following most logically completes the argument

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which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 14:56
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that ______________.

A. the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is at the Royal Arms Hotel.

B. There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.

C. More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.

D. The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield

E. The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 15:23
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The question is basically asking you to fill in the blanks

Statement 1 ) says that more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown

Statement 2) says that largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield

if E is true then the statement 1 would be false as more ppl stay in Harristown than in springfield(as per statement 2),

There should be more hotels other than Royal Arms so that the combined number of tourists in all the tourists in hotels of springfield will be more than harristown. Therefor "If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield."

I hope explained it enough if not lets take numbers as example

Let the number of tourists in springfield be = 100
Let number of tourists in largest hotel of harristown = 50
Let number of tourists in royal Arms = 25

From s1 ) 100 > 50
S2) 50 > 25

For s1) and s2) to be true we should have more number of hotels other than royal arms so that 25 + x = 100 which is > 50

and hence tourism report would be wrong in stating E in their report

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2009, 04:53
gmanjesh wrote:
The question is basically asking you to fill in the blanks

Statement 1 ) says that more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown

Statement 2) says that largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield

if E is true then the statement 1 would be false as more ppl stay in Harristown than in springfield(as per statement 2),

There should be more hotels other than Royal Arms so that the combined number of tourists in all the tourists in hotels of springfield will be more than harristown. Therefor "If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield."

I hope explained it enough if not lets take numbers as example

Let the number of tourists in springfield be = 100
Let number of tourists in largest hotel of harristown = 50
Let number of tourists in royal Arms = 25

From s1 ) 100 > 50
S2) 50 > 25

For s1) and s2) to be true we should have more number of hotels other than royal arms so that 25 + x = 100 which is > 50

and hence tourism report would be wrong in stating E in their report

awesome .......thanks

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 04:52
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which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists
stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A
brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that
hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are
accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating
that .
A. the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is
at the Royal Arms Hotel.
B. There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.
C. More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.
D. The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield
E. The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 07:30
raghavs wrote:
which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists
stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A
brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that
hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are
accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating
that .
A. the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is
at the Royal Arms Hotel.
B. There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.
C. More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.
D. The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield
E. The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.

I went with the option D for this question. Reason:

Given: Acc to P.M published by SF -- no. of tourists stay in SF > no. of tourist stay in HT.
Also other brochure from the largest hotel in HT claims that no. of tourist stay in that hotel > no. of tourist stay in RAH in SP.

If the "Report on Tourism" must be in error then the possible cause should be based on some assumption made by the report.
Option A -- It is the opposite of what we are looking for,
Option B -- Yes, this is a possible candidate. Since if the report just looked at the size of the hotels in HT and SP and decided to base its details on this information.
Option C -- Certainly not.
Option D -- Possible candidate. Again the report could have looked at this information and concluded their report.
Option E -- No.

Between B and D, I choose D.

Please post the OE after some discussions.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 08:01
ezhilkumarank wrote:
raghavs wrote:
which of the following most logically completes the argument below?
According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists
stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A
brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that
hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are
accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating
that .
A. the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is
at the Royal Arms Hotel.
B. There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.
C. More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.
D. The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield
E. The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.

I went with the option D for this question. Reason:

Given: Acc to P.M published by SF -- no. of tourists stay in SF > no. of tourist stay in HT.
Also other brochure from the largest hotel in HT claims that no. of tourist stay in that hotel > no. of tourist stay in RAH in SP.

If the "Report on Tourism" must be in error then the possible cause should be based on some assumption made by the report.
Option A -- It is the opposite of what we are looking for,
Option B -- Yes, this is a possible candidate. Since if the report just looked at the size of the hotels in HT and SP and decided to base its details on this information.
Option C -- Certainly not.
Option D -- Possible candidate. Again the report could have looked at this information and concluded their report.
Option E -- No.

Between B and D, I choose D.

Please post the OE after some discussions.

D is tempting, but E is the correct answer.

D. If the hotel is largest, then its not essential that more tourists stay there.

E. If the royal arms is the only hotel, then the claim of harristown hotel can not be accurate.
Since that claim is accurate, then this is erroneous statement.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 10:57
Yes it's E

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 12:54
Statement 1 ) says that more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown

Statement 2) says that largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield

if E is true then the statement 1 would be false as more ppl stay in Harristown than in springfield

If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.

Hence E
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 15:52
E FOR ME

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2010, 19:04
It's E.
If Royal hotel is the only hotel then number of people staying there would be greater than Lagest Hotel in Harisstown...which is not the case.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2010, 00:32
thank you for the question. +1

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2010, 14:35
The answer is E because it contradicts the portion of the stimulus that says "...hotels in Springfield...." Also note that the question type is "must not be true" fill in the blanks; hence, C and D are wrong because they could be true.

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 20:52
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that ____________.

(A) the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is at the Royal Arms Hotel.

(B) There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.

(C) More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.

(D) The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield.

(E) The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.

Will provide official answer after explanations.

Last edited by nelz007 on 11 Nov 2012, 21:34, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2012, 21:12
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nelz007 wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument below?

According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown. A brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. If both of these sources are accurate, however, the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that ____________.

(A) the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is at the Royal Arms Hotel.
(B) There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.
(C) More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.
(D) The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield.
(E) The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.
Will provide official answer after explanations.

Two accurate statements:
More tourists stay in springfield than in harristown
more tourists stay in largest hotel in harristown than royal arms hotel in springfield.

Now based on this information which statement is inaccurate? We can deduce since there is one hotel in harristown where more tourists stay than royal arms, and since overall more tourists stay in springfield- it must follow that there are other hotels in springfield where tourists stay. Hence to say there is only one (royal arms hotel) in springfield is inaccurate.

Ans E it is.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 15:21
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I think the question, though from GMATPrep, needs some tweaking.

Going back to stimulus,

According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists
stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown.

Its already stated in the argument that there is more than just 1 hotel in Springfield; and this has been published in the promotional material mentioned in the question. Isn't this contradicting a fact when put in context with OA.

I would need an expert to look at this because I was thrown off by the "hotels in Springfield" and hence did not go for OA.

Thanks.
Vaibhav.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 18:50
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vabhs192003 wrote:
I think the question, though from GMATPrep, needs some tweaking.

Going back to stimulus,

According to promotional material published by the city of Springfield, more tourists
stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown.

Its already stated in the argument that there is more than just 1 hotel in Springfield; and this has been published in the promotional material mentioned in the question. Isn't this contradicting a fact when put in context with OA.

I would need an expert to look at this because I was thrown off by the "hotels in Springfield" and hence did not go for OA.

Thanks.
Vaibhav.

Hi Vaibhav

The most difficulty of this question is how to translate the question correctly.

What does “the “Report on Tourism” for the region must be in error in stating that .................” mean?
It means which of the following options MUST BE WRONG based on the fact in the stimulus?

This is a reverse form of “Must be True” question.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact #1: Material from city of Springfield: more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown.
Fact #2: A brochure from the largest hotel in Harristown: more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield.
Fact #3: both of these sources are accurate.
Question: Based on facts in the stimulus, which answer is must be WRONG.

A. the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is at the Royal Arms Hotel.
Wrong. A could be true. Fact says: that more tourists stay in the largest hotel in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield. Absolutely, there is a possibility that tourist stay longer in the largest hotel in Harristow. A is not a “Must be INCORRECT” option.

B. There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.
Wrong. From the facts, B could be true. There is a possibility that there is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel. B is not a “Must be INCORRECT” option.

C. More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.
Wrong. From fact #2: C is true.

D. The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield
Wrong. We have no clue to say D is “must be wrong”. D may / may not be true. Hence, D is not the answer.

E. The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.
Correct.
Fact #1 says more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown.
Fact #2: more tourists stay in the largest hotel in Harritown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield.
If Royal arms is the ONLY hotel in Sprinfield ==> Based on Fact #2, the TOTAL number of tourist stay in Springfiled MUST be fewer than that in Harristown ==> Clearly VIOLATES Fact #1
E must be wrong. ==> The answer.

Hope it helps.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 23:23
@pqhai,

Thanks man. I cracked the question open alright, but messed up when I had to think straight! x-(

It surely helped in looking at the question in simplistic view. The devils are out of the bag.

Thanks,
Vaibhav
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2014, 02:25
+1 E.

Choices A through D can all be true along with the two statements mentioned in the stimulus. So if the "Report of Tourism" mentions any of A through D. It could be right. Where as E contradicts the statements of the stimulus. If E is reported by tourism then it is definitely in error.
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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2014, 09:51
FACT 1 ---- more tourists stay in hotels in Springfield than stay in the neighboring city of Harristown
FACT 2-----largest hotel in Harristown claims that more tourists stay in that hotel than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel in Springfield

(A) the average length of stay is longer at the largest hotel in Harristown than it is at the Royal Arms Hotel.IRRELEVANT BUT CAN HAPPEN..... DOES NOT COUNTER FACT 1 & 2.

(B) There is only one hotel in Harristown that is larger than the Royal Arms Hotel.CAN HAPPEN..... DOES NOT COUNTER FACT 1 & 2....

(C) More tourists stay in hotels in Harristown than stay in the Royal Arms Hotel.CAN HAPPEN..... DOES NOT COUNTER FACT 1 & 2...[

(D) The Royal Arms hotel is the largest hotel in Springfield.CAN HAPPEN..... DOES NOT COUNTER FACT 1 & 2...[

(E) The royal arms hotel is the only hotel in Springfield.CORRECT....THIS CANNOT HAPPEN...COUNTERS FACT 1

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Re: which of the following most logically completes the argument [#permalink]

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