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# Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

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Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2009
Posts: 138
Which of the following most logically completes the passage? [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 21:28
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Which of the following most logically completes the passage?
Appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix) is potentially fatal; consequently, patients with
symptoms strongly suggesting appendicitis almost always have their appendix removed. The
appropriate surgery is low-risk but performed unnecessarily in about 20 percent of all cases. A newly developed internal scan for appendicitis is highly accurate, producing two misdiagnoses for every 98 correct diagnoses. Clearly, using this test, doctors can largely avoid unnecessary removals of the appendix without, however, performing any fewer necessary ones than before, since ____________.

A. the patients who are correctly diagnosed with this test as not having appendicitis invariably
have medical conditions that are much less serious than appendicitis
B. the misdiagnoses produced by this test are always instances of attributing appendicitis to
someone who does not, in fact, have it
C. all of the patients who are diagnosed with this test as having appendicitis do, in fact, have appendicitis
D. every patient who is diagnosed with this test as having appendicitis has more than one of the symptoms generally associated with appendicitis
E. the only patients who are misdiagnosed using this test are patients who lack one or more of the symptoms that are generally associated with appendicitis

can anyone give the right ansvver pleaese
Intern
Joined: 14 Apr 2012
Posts: 13
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 09-12-2012
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Retail)
Re: Which is the right ansvver for this one [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 00:53
Ans B

Gist of the stem :
--Patients with strong appendicitis symptoms undergo surgery
--about 20% of all cases the surgery is not needed
--New Test developed is highly accurate and it produces only 2 misdiagones for every 98 correct diagoses
--doctors can largely avoid unnecessary appendicitis surgery without performing any fewer necessary ones than before.

Concentrate on the last line.
the doctors will not reduce performing the surgery on necessary patients ..Y ? becoz the m/c diagnoses correctly the patients who need to undergo surgery but the m/c might misdiagnose patients who do not need surgery (2 out of the 98)

The answer choice should depict the explanation that

Clearly, using this test, doctors can largely avoid unnecessary removals of the appendix without, however, performing any fewer necessary ones than before, since the m/c misdiagnosed only cases which did not need surgery .

A. the patients who are correctly diagnosed with this test as not having appendicitis invariably
have medical conditions that are much less serious than appendicitis (Wrong:We are not bothered about any other medical condition)
B. the misdiagnoses produced by this test are always instances of attributing appendicitis to
someone who does not, in fact, have it (Correct : no necessary surgeries were skipped as the m/c performance is accurate. there was no decrease in correct surgeries being performed as the m/c inaccurately determines patients who do not need the surgery only)
C. all of the patients who are diagnosed with this test as having appendicitis do, in fact, have appendicitis ( Wrong: this is what the last line says we need additional info ,a follow up )
D. every patient who is diagnosed with this test as having appendicitis has more than one of the symptoms generally associated with appendicitis ( Wrong :we need a follow up for correct cases were not decreased)
E. the only patients who are misdiagnosed using this test are patients who lack one or more of the symptoms that are generally associated with appendicitis
(In this case the correct surgeries should have decreased which did not happen )
Director
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 537
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Re: Which is the right ansvver for this one [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2012, 04:01
B. the misdiagnoses produced by this test are always instances of attributing appendicitis to
someone who does not, in fact, have it

The new machine diagnoses that someone doesn't have appendicitis with appendicitis and so ,it's doesn't causes any risk (removal is easy and eventually harmless for people)

(B) WINS

The following link can be useful- explanation by testluv is exemplary.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/logically-co ... 49564.html
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Re: Which is the right ansvver for this one   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2012, 04:01
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