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Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Which of the following most logically completes the passage?  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2012, 14:26
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A
B
C
D
E

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Which of the following most logically completes the passage?

Recidivism is the return to criminal behavior, and consequently a return to prison, of a former prisoner who has already served in incarceration for a criminal conviction. In the United States, most burglars and common thieves have a recidivist rate above 70%. Studies have shown that, when available, those incarcerated burglars and thieves who pursue post-secondary education while in prison have substantially lower recidivism rates. Therefore, the government should fund programs that assist incarcerated burglars and thieves in pursuing higher education, especially since ___________________________.

A. right now, only a small percentage of all incarcerated burglars and thieves are pursuing any educational opportunities.
B. a wider education would allow those currently incarcerated to understand and appreciate the high incidence of recidivism
C. the cost of providing a complete post-secondary education would almost double the yearly costs associated with keeping that person incarcerated
D. higher educational level provides wider job opportunities, and according to studies, poverty is one of the chief causes of recidivism
E. convicts with certain mental illnesses tend to lapse into recidivism regardless of the opportunities and support they encounter upon their release

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Re: Recidivism  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2012, 14:46
BCE seems out of scope.
A seems no reason for funding such programs
Option D is winner and it perfectly binds with the arguments logic.
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Re: Recidivism  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2012, 03:09
The convicts come back to prison because they do not find a better job to do and commit crimes to earn their livelihood.

D. higher educational level provides wider job opportunities, and according to studies, poverty is one of the chief causes of recidivism

(D) says that the education will make them get a job and help those convicts to get a better job and therefore they would not commit crimes and come back to the jail again.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the passage?  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2014, 06:54
Mike,

Doesn't option D look exaggerated with words such as poverty etc? Thinking in these lines opted for choice A. Please explain.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the passage?  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2014, 11:03
sri30kanth wrote:
Mike,

Doesn't option D look exaggerated with words such as poverty etc? Thinking in these lines opted for choice A. Please explain.

Dear sri30kanth
I'm happy to respond. :-) Please see the OE here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-logic ... -argument/
Mike :-)
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Re: Recidivism is the return to criminal behavior, and consequently a retu  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 03:30
Recidivism is the return to criminal behavior, and consequently a return to prison, of a former prisoner who has already served in incarceration for a criminal conviction. In the United States, most burglars and common thieves have a recidivist rate above 70%. Studies have shown that, when available, those incarcerated burglars and thieves who pursue post-secondary education while in prison have substantially lower recidivism rates. Therefore, the government should fund programs that assist incarcerated burglars and thieves in pursuing higher education, especially since ___________________________.

Pre-thinking -- More prisoners will pursue post-secondary education if it is available.


A. right now, only a small percentage of all incarcerated burglars and thieves are pursuing any educational opportunities.-- Incorrect -- but do we know the others are interested in pursuing

B. a wider education would allow those currently incarcerated to understand and appreciate the high incidence of recidivism -- Incorrect -- Maybe but just because education is available can we be sure that more prisoners will take the classes

C. the cost of providing a complete post-secondary education would almost double the yearly costs associated with keeping that person incarcerated -- Incorrect -- we are not concerned about the cost

D. higher educational level provides wider job opportunities, and according to studies, poverty is one of the chief causes of recidivism -- Correct -- So the educated prisoners once they get out of prison will have more job opportunities and POVERY is one of major causes of recidivism

E. convicts with certain mental illnesses tend to lapse into recidivism regardless of the opportunities and support they encounter upon their release -- Incorrect -- This goes against the Government program to fund education

Answer D
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Which of the following most logically completes the passage?  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 04:48
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the passage?  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:16

Official Explanation


In the first three sentences, we get factual statements: the definition of the problem of recidivism and the beneficial effect of post-secondary education. The final, incomplete sentence states the conclusion ---"the government should fund programs that assist incarcerated burglars and thieves in pursuing higher education" and then concludes with the words "especially since" before the blank. Therefore, the blank must provide an additional reason why recidivism would be reduced. We want something that will strengthen and solidify the argument.

(D) is the credited answer. This provides a causal connection: providing higher education leads to jobs, which lowers the chance of poverty, which lowers the change of returning to crime. This strengthens the argument and makes sense in context.

(C) & (E) are both potential weakeners: if the programs are very expensive, or if a substantial portion of the prison population can't avail themselves of this program, then both of those provide reasons not to fund these educational programs. We don't want a weakener in this blank.

(A) is unusual. Yes, post-secondary education in general is good, but the passage indicates absolutely nothing about what fields the convicts need to study. The writer of the passage is presumably a sociologist, but this doesn't mean that this field is exactly what the convicts should study. This conflates too many unrelated things, and is incorrect.

(B) is an interesting one. Here we run into a sociological paradox --- one could even argue it is something deeply paradoxical about human nature itself. Understanding a problem is not the same as solving the problem. There are some homeless people who are very intelligent and who understand the problem of homeless with tremendous sophistication, but that knowledge in and of itself doesn't help them end their homelessness. It's almost cliché to discuss the person who make the same mistake in their romantic life over and over again: he or she might be able to speak articulately about the problem, but when the time comes to choose, it's the same ride all over again. Understanding a problem, especially in a book-smart way, is not the same as solving the problem. The fact that these prisoners would understand recidivism clearly, at the level of book-smarts, is not, in and of itself, a guarantee that they would avoid it in their lives.
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Re: Which of the following most logically completes the passage? &nbs [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 18:16
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